KAZALCI OKOLJA
Good

Air pollutant emissions have decreased in the period 2005−2020 to the levels that enable Slovenia achievement of its 2020 targets. But to reach 2030 targets additional decrease is needed. Reduction of emissions contributed to lower impact on ecosystems and human health, as emissions of pollutants that contribute to acidification, ozone precursors and particles, decreased by half compared to 2005.

Good

Slovenia has a fairly high level of energy intensity that is decreasing, especially in the last few years. Average yearly decrease rate in the period 2005-2021 was 2.7 %. Compared to EU-27 Slovenia had 37 % higher intensity in 2020, being 11 % points lower than in 2005.

Good

Primary energy consumption amounted to 6,334 ktoe in 2020 and decreased for the third year in a row, this time by 5.5%. The decrease was due to the reduction in final energy consumption caused by the measures for preventing the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus, while the electricity production increased compared to the previous year. The structure of primary energy use was in 2020 continued to be dominated by liquid fuels (29.6%), followed by nuclear energy (26.1%), renewable energy sources (18.6%), solid fuels (16%) and natural gas (11.5%).

Bad

In 2019, renewables accounted for 16.9% of total energy consumption. The share is 0.2% higher in comparison to the previous year, only because of lower total energy consumption.

Neutral

Energy prices increased in the period 2008-2012. In the same period, the most raised the price of the natural gas industry (almost 53 %), followed by price for natural gases for households by 38%, the price of heating oil, for household electricity, the price of petrol NMB 95, diesel D2, at least has raised the price of electricity for industry, for less than 6%.

Neutral

In recent years, energy taxes have increased mainly due to higher excise duties and taxes. The share of tax in the price of energy in industry has reached the same level as in the price paid by households. In Slovenia, taxes on transport fuels and electricity were below the EU-27 average, while taxes on natural gas in industry and households were above that average, exceeded only by Austria, Italy, Denmark and Sweden. 

 

Good

It is estimated that in Slovenia, more than EUR 324 million of subsidies were allocated in the energy sector in 2014 (EUR 212 million expressed in constant prices with 2000 as a reference year). In 2014, subsidies for energy generation from fossil fuels, which have the most harmful impact on the environment, and for the use of fossil fuels, represented 37% of all subsidies in the energy sector, while in 2005, the share of such subsidies was 74%.

Neutral

In Slovenia, in 2020 the external costs estimate of electricity production ranges from 0.8 - 2.8 € c2000 / kWh. Despite growing environmental awareness, the price of electricity still does not reflect all external costs. Due to incorrect price signals, which are the result of the current situation on the electricity markets, energy sources in Slovenia remain suboptimally used.

Bad

Slovenia's import dependence is not decreasing and is about 50%. In 2020 it was exceptionally lower than in previous years due to the epidemiological situation. The most problematic is the import dependency on gaseous fuels, as Slovenia is heavily dependent on fuel imports from Russia.

 

Good

In Slovenia, forests have been growing in terms of growing stock and increment for decades. They have increased by more than 140% over the last 70 years. In addition to natural conditions, harvesting depends on socioeconomic factors, and recently on the occurrence of natural disasters (windbreaks, icebreakers) and bark beetles outbreaks. By 2014, the felling accounted for about 50% of the increment. After the ice storm in 2014, it increased substantially and accounted for 60 to 75% of the total increment of conifers and deciduous trees.