Key message
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The volume of passenger transport demand has been increasing in Slovenia for several decades. Above all the volume of two most unsustainable modes – passenger cars and air transport (especially after 2002). The growth stopped after the economic recession in 2008 but intensified again after 2014. In 2020 and 2021 the pandemics caused another, steep decline. Trend of the public transport modes has been declining for decades, especially the proportion of intercity bus services. In the last decade, the proportion of public transport stabilized, but on much lower level then it was before 1991 when Slovenia became independent. The pandemic dealt a new, heavy blow to public transport.


This indicator shows the volume and modal split of passenger transport in Slovenia and the modal split of passenger transport in EU countries. The data for Slovenia presents the development of passenger kilometres in road passenger transport by cars, public road passenger transport, urban public passenger transport and domestic rail passenger transport and the development of the number of passengers by mode of transport in the period 1990-2018; the data for selected European countries presents the modal split in 2018.

The volume and modal split of passenger transport is expressed in passenger kilometres. A passenger kilometre (pkm) is the product of the number of passengers multiplied by the total distance they travelled. The volume of passenger transport is expressed with a sum of all travelled passenger kilometres in a certain area over a certain period of time, while the modal split is expressed as the share of passenger kilometres by mode of transport (road, rail, sea or air).

The volume of land passenger transport is also expressed in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) in Slovenia and the EU-27, which indicates potential connections between transport growth and economic growth. From an environmental perspective, the decoupling of these two parameters is desirable, with a view that transport growth, which negatively affects the environment, should be slower than economic growth. The relationship is expressed by a decoupling indicator: a ratio between transport and economy growth rates. The data for Slovenia and the EU-27 countries are presented by indices (the year 2003 = 100) for the period 2003–2018.

 


Charts

Figure PR01-1: Number of passenger kilometres in road transport with passenger cars, road public transport and rail passenger transport, Slovenia, 1991 – 2018
Sources:

European Commission, Statistical pocketbook 2020, Performance of passenger transport expressed in passenger-kilometers, 2020 (5. 04. 2021)

Show data
road transport with passanger cars[passenger-km (mio.)] urban public transport[passenger-km (mio.)] bus public transport[passenger-km (mio.)] rail passenger transport[passenger-km (mio.)] road transport with passanger cars[index (1991=100)] urban public transport[index (1991=100)] bus public transport[index (1991=100)] rail passenger transport[index (1991=100)]
1991 12606 5554 4282 656 100 100 100 100
1992 13386 4170 3377 404 106.19 75.08 78.87 61.59
1993 13979 3894 2751 453 110.89 70.11 64.25 69.05
1994 15178 4053 2595 475 120.40 72.97 60.60 72.41
1995 16338 4113 2507 490 129.60 74.05 58.55 74.70
1996 17794 4301 2348 510 141.16 77.44 54.83 77.74
1997 19010 4379 2195 511 150.80 78.84 51.26 77.90
1998 18980 3876 2098 520 150.56 69.79 49.00 79.27
1999 20074 4138 1940 523 159.24 74.50 45.31 79.73
2000 20325 3502 1581 593 161.23 63.05 36.92 90.40
2001 20801 3393 1470 594 165.01 61.09 34.33 90.55
2002 21287 3339 1143 622 168.86 60.12 26.69 94.82
2003 21331 3446 1065 650 169.21 62.05 24.87 99.09
2004 22042 3218 1000 648 174.85 57.94 23.35 98.78
2005 22509 3061 862 666 178.56 55.11 20.13 101.52
2006 23018 3062 850 675 182.60 55.13 19.85 102.90
2007 24355 3235 817 690 193.20 58.25 19.08 105.18
2008 24878 3146 815 713 197.35 56.64 19.03 108.69
2009 25775 3196 777 718 204.47 57.54 18.15 109.45
2010 25636 3183 578 680 203.36 57.31 13.50 103.66
2011 25487 3244 551.50 641 202.18 58.41 12.88 97.71
2012 25302 3237 533.10 614 200.71 58.28 12.45 93.60
2013 25168 3322 459.90 636 199.65 59.81 10.74 96.95
2014 25639 3450 476.80 582 203.39 62.12 11.13 88.72
2015 25997 3576 497.70 593.80 206.23 64.39 11.62 90.52
2016 26478 3607 518.60 564.60 210.04 64.94 12.11 86.07
2017 27134 3680 553.70 524.90 215.25 66.26 12.93 80.02
2018 27514 3752 522 523.70 218.26 67.55 12.19 79.83
Figure PR01-2: Growth in the number of passengers by individual types of public transport and traffic, Slovenia, 1991 – 2018 (index 1991 = 100)
Sources:

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, SI-STAT Data Portal, 2021 (5. 04. 2021)

Show data
urban public transport[number of passenegers (1000)] bus public transport[number of passenegers (1000)] rail passenger transport[number of passenegers (1000)] air passenger transport[number of passenegers (1000)] port passenger transport[number of passenegers (1000)] urban public transport[index (1991=100)] bus public transport[index (1991=100)] rail passenger transport[index (1991=100)] air passenger transport[index (1991=100)] port passenger transport[index (1991=100)]
1991 188465 205001 14264 336 21 100 100 100 100 100
1992 168542 146107 10955 274 14 89.43 71.27 76.80 81.55 66.67
1993 159428 130586 11594 422 39 84.59 63.70 81.28 125.60 185.71
1994 155463 125344 12113 504 42 82.49 61.14 84.92 150 200
1995 155425 121573 12422 649 40.10 82.47 59.30 87.09 193.15 190.95
1996 159375 113411 12870 679 32 84.56 55.32 90.23 202.08 152.38
1997 158684 109801 12743 728 44 84.20 53.56 89.34 216.67 209.52
1998 150988 102561 12971 807 41 80.11 50.03 90.94 240.18 195.24
1999 148321 96573 12987 916 38 78.70 47.11 91.05 272.62 180.95
2000 130031 74560 14171 1012 37.70 68.99 36.37 99.35 301.19 179.52
2001 105599 72504 13585 906 34 56.03 35.37 95.24 269.64 161.90
2002 103938 57955 13593 885 42 55.15 28.27 95.30 263.39 200
2003 98373 54538 14152 948 47 52.20 26.60 99.21 282.14 223.81
2004 100245 43084 13985 1068 42 53.19 21.02 98.04 317.86 200
2005 97227 39759 14917 1246 35.30 51.59 19.39 104.58 370.83 168.10
2006 93953 37964 15275 1358 29.60 49.85 18.52 107.09 404.17 140.95
2007 90654 38532 15232 1569 51.40 48.10 18.80 106.79 466.96 244.76
2008 90024 38751 15753 1701 49.60 47.77 18.90 110.44 506.25 236.19
2009 83500 36720 15434 1462 77.80 44.31 17.91 108.20 435.12 370.48
2010 47210 28552 15294 1425 70.80 25.05 13.93 107.22 424.11 337.14
2011 45980 25359 14838 1392 133.20 24.40 12.37 104.02 414.29 634.29
2012 42760 24793 14622 1216 99 22.69 12.09 102.51 361.90 471.43
2013 47750 25146 15563 1348 95 25.34 12.27 109.11 401.19 452.38
2014 47549 26708 14054 1373 87 25.23 13.03 98.53 408.63 414.29
2015 46321 27735 13792 1459 95 24.58 13.53 96.69 434.23 452.38
2016 51986 30287 13231 1411 109 27.58 14.77 92.76 419.94 519.05
2017 61776 31903 12592 1686 108 32.78 15.56 88.28 501.79 514.29
2018 59833 28520 12677 1813 133 31.75 13.91 88.87 539.58 633.33
Figure PR01-3: Shares of passenger transport services in the EU-27, 2018 (data based on passenger-km)
Sources:

Eurostat: Modal split of passenger transport, 2021 (5. 04. 2021)

Show data
Total[%] train[%] Bus[%] Car[%]
Hungary 100 8.60 20.80 70.60
Czech Republic 99.90 9.60 17 73.30
Slovakia 100 9.90 16.20 73.90
Austria 100.10 12.90 10.10 77.10
Poland 100.10 7.90 12.90 79.30
Romania 100 4.30 15.40 80.30
Estonia 99.90 2.50 16.80 80.60
Cyprus 100 0 18.90 81.10
Belgium 100 8.10 10.30 81.60
Ireland 100 3.30 15 81.70
Italy 100 6.30 11.70 82
Denmark 100 8.40 9.60 82
EU (27 countries) 100.48 6.43 12.04 82.01
Malta 100 0 17.50 82.50
Greece 100 0.90 16.40 82.70
Latvia 100.10 3.40 13.90 82.80
Luxembourg 100 4.70 12.40 82.90
Sweden 100 9.70 7.20 83.10
France 100 10.30 6.40 83.30
Finland 100 5.70 10.10 84.20
Croatia 100 2.50 12.70 84.80
Spain 100 7.10 8 84.90
Germany 100 9.10 5.80 85.10
The Netherlands 100 11.20 3.10 85.70
Bulgaria 100 2.20 12 85.80
Slovenia 100 1.80 11.80 86.40
Portugal 99.90 4.20 7.30 88.40
Lithuania 100 1.10 8.50 90.40

Methodology

Date of data source summarization