Key message
Neutral

Air pollution is the most important environmental risk factor for human health, affecting an average of 400,000 premature deaths in the EU and costing Europeans an average of more than € 166 billion a year. In the case of the cities of Ljubljana and Maribor, external costs amount to almost EUR 271 million annually. Estimation of external costs of air pollution from transport is slightly decreasing. The trend is influenced by the competitiveness of public transport, implementation of measures to limit personal traffic on fossil fuels, and the electrification of the vehicle fleet in cities.


Charts

Figure ZR19-1: Total costs (in million €) of passenger car related air pollution in 2016
Sources:

Ce Delft, 2018 (13. 04. 2021)

Note:

Both health and non-health related costs, based adjusted real-world emission factors (TRUE), 2016.

Show data
Fuel Unit Estonia Slovenia Hungary Austria Bulgaria Romania Spain Poland Germany EU28
Petrol million € 43  114  257  262  288  324  686  1.364  4.401  16.232 
Diesel million € 40  185  251  1.255  202  393  2.084  852  7.774  30.785 
Total million € 83  299  508  1.517  490  717  2.770  2.216  12.175  47.017 
Figure ZR19-2: Health related air pollution cost from road transport borne by governments and compulsory insurances – adjusted emission factors (TRUE)
Sources:

Ce Delft, 2018 (13. 04. 2021)

Note:

* Assuming that the average for the nine selected Member States is representative for EU28.

BAU = "business as usual" – without measures
LOW = less ambitious measures
HIGH = more ambitious measures

Show data
  Unit EU28 Austria Bulgaria Estonia Germany Hungary Poland Romania Slovenia Spain
2016 million € 52.865* 2.073 520 79 15.194 971 2.86 1.126 328 3.204
2030-BAU million € 17.384* 665 163 32 4.657 193 689 267 114 992
2030-LOW million € 13.581* 516 100 16 3.578 149 393 154 84 697
20130-HIGH million € 10.043* 372 70 9 2.371 116 231 106 63 508
Figure ZR19-3: Measures for reduction of pollutant emissions from transport and consequently social costs
Sources:

Greenhouse Gas: Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies, 2018 (13. 04. 2021)


Methodology

Date of data source summarization

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