Neutral

Population trends of selected bird species show that the state of the environment in the cultural landscape is still deteriorating, especially in some parts such as Prekmurje and Ljubljansko barje. The population of selected forest bird species is stable, however, a trend of deterioration of its habitat was recorded in recent years, as a result of intensified logging. Bird populations that winter on Slovenian rivers and other water bodies have different trends that are mostly in line with trends of regional biogeographic populations of waterbirds in Europe.

Good

The state of wildlife in Slovenia is favourable; larger epidemics have not been identified. The number of herbivorous ungulates as well as wild boars has decreased. An increase in wildlife losses due to road kill raises concerns. The total amount of damage caused by wildlife has decreased.

Wildlife management includes all animal and plant species. Regulation of wildlife populations is based on game management plans that are submitted for adoption to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food by the Slovenia Forest Service in accordance with a prescribed procedure.

Neutral

Species diversity in Slovenia is stil considerably well preserved, distinctly higher in western part of the country. Without systematic monitoring on permanent plots it is impossible to recognize short term trends, but in some regions negative trends are result of landuse changes and impact of alien invasive species.

Good

The population of brown bear in Slovenia is in a favorable state of preservation, with a trend of improvement. The estimated number of bears in spring was 990.

The population is the northwestern part of the Dinaric-Pind population, which was in 2012  estimated at 3950 individuals and is stable or growing.

Bad

Slovenian Environmental Agency (ARSO) is responsible for providing monetary compensation for damage caused by protected animal species. The amount of damages fluctuates depending on the available food in nature, according to spring cold or summer drought, there’s more damage expected. The year 2019 was like this, with 1.301 reported damage cases caused by protected animal species (76 % more than the year before), out of which, 1.173 received the compensation. A total of 570.580,39 EUR was paid in compensation, for damage caused by 28 different protected animal species.

Bad

The share of present invasive species (eg. Robinia pseudacacia, Ailanthus altissima, Buddleja davidii, Erigeron annuus) in the last decade shows an increasing trend. An increase in the share of invasive species is evident along the great lowland rivers Sava, Mura and Drava, as well as along the Kolpa river. In higher areas of Slovenia, particularly in the Alps and the Dinaric region, invasive species are very few or entirely absent. However, a notable increase in their share along the western border of the Dinaric region raises concerns.

Bad

The conservation status of species in Slovenia indicates that only 30% of species have a favorable status. Furthermore, also the trends are unfavourable. In the years 2013-2018, the proportion of species with favorable conservation status remained stable according to the previous reporting period, while the proportion of species with poor conservation status has increased. As many as one third of Europe's important bird species have a negative or uncertain short-term trend.

Bad

The favorable conservation status of habitat types in Slovenia is reached by just over a third of Europe's important habitat types.In order to achieve the objectives of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, it is necessary to follow the guidelines of the Regulation on Special Conservation Areas (Natura 2000 sites) more rigorously and to implement the Natura 2000 management program. This is especially important for areas with freshwater, wetland, wetland and grassland habitat types.

Bad

In the period (2008-2022), the farmland bird index is 73.9, and the grassland bird index in the agricultural landscape is 56.3.The fourteen-year trend of farmland birds shows moderate declining, despite a stable trend over the last eight years.

 

 

 

Neutral

In the last decade, droughts have been slightly less intense than in the previous decade, and it is worrying that they occur most often during the growing season. Especially in the first trimester, we observe a decrease in the frequency and intensity of hydrological drought. In the period 1961–2020, the year 2003 stands out in terms of drought, which was dry in all quarters of the year. After 2000, the years 2007 and 2011 were more markedly dry.