Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children and one of the major causes of hospitalization to the age of fifteen. In 2019, in EU countries, the share of people reporting asthma was 5,7 %, and for Slovenia it was 4,8 %. In the period 2017-2021, the municipalities of Kostel, Kobilje and Cankova stood out in terms of the number of hospitalizations for asthma. Recent evidences support relationship between exposure to air pollution and exacerbation of asthma, mainly due to exposure to particulate matter (PM10). In addition to polluted outdoor air, the development of asthma is also influenced by polluted indoor air. The presence of allergens like moisture, mold, mites, pets and cigarette smoke increases the risk of developing asthma.
|proportion of population (%)||2019|
|EU (27 countries - from 2020)||5,7|