Key message
Neutral

Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children and one of the major causes of hospitalization to the age of fifteen. In 2014, the share of people reporting asthma was 5.9 for the EU-28, and for Slovenia it was 5.  In 2019, the highest number of hospital admissions of children with asthma was in Ljubljana and Maribor. Children admitted to the hospital for asthma in 2019 were mostly 5 to 9 years old. As more and more people are sensitive to allergens, allergic diseases may increase in the Europe in the coming years. Recent evidences support relationship between exposure to air pollution and exacerbation of asthma, mainly due to exposure to particulate matter (PM10).   In addition to polluted outdoor air, the development of asthma is also influenced by polluted indoor air. The presence of allergens like moisture, mold, mites, pets and cigarette smoke increases the risk of developing asthma.


Charts

Figure ZD02-1: Asthma risk in children living near busy roads  
Sources:

McConnell R, Berhane K, Yao L et al. Traffic, susceptibility and childhood asthma. Environ. Health Perspect. 2006 May; 114(5):766-72 (24. 08. 2020)

Show data
    2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Ljubljana nmb. of admissions 88 86 47 80 61 91 87 70 32 36
Maribor nmb. of admissions 41 18 29 44 45 47 40 63 70 46
Celje nmb. of admissions 5 3 4 8 6 13 9 7 13 8
Trbovlje nmb. of admissions 2 3 1 1 1 2 3 0 0 1
Zagorje ob Savi nmb. of admissions 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0
Ljubljana population 35773 36908 36690 37066 38455 40446 44646 45863 47814 48909
Maribor population 19179 17952 18241 18569 18271 17880 17158 17441 17641 17821
Celje population 8639 8687 8665 8965 9104 8836 8556 8531 8628 8692
Trbovlje population 3546 3588 3428 3439 3517 3416 2058 2025 2035 1997
Zagorje ob Savi population 2751 2829 2752 2614 2892 2938 2444 2445 2451 2461
Ljubljana % 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maribor % 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celje % 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Trbovlje % 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Zagorje ob Savi % 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    2012 2013
Ljubljana nmb. of admissions 39 29
Maribor nmb. of admissions 46 60
Celje nmb. of admissions 9 14
Trbovlje nmb. of admissions 3 1
Zagorje ob Savi nmb. of admissions 2 0
Ljubljana population 49976 51197
Maribor population 17966 18129
Celje population 8818 8941
Trbovlje population 1991 1998
Zagorje ob Savi population 2488 2451
Ljubljana % 0 0
Maribor % 0 0
Celje % 0 0
Trbovlje % 0 0
Zagorje ob Savi % 0 0
Figure ZD02-2: Percentage of children aged 0-14 years, admitted to the hospital due to asthma, Slovenia, administrative units, 2002 to 2019
Sources:

NIJZa, 2020 (24. 08. 2020)

Show data
    2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Ljubljana nmb. of admissions 88 86 47 80 61 91 87 70 32 36 39 19 34 10 32 19 11 18
Maribor nmb. of admissions 41 18 29 44 45 47 40 63 70 46 46 60 63 39 18 24 39 19
Celje nmb. of admissions 5 3 4 8 6 13 9 7 13 8 9 14 13 9 6 7 2 3
Trbovlje nmb. of admissions 2 3 1 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 3 1 2 0 0 0 1 4
Zagorje ob Savi nmb. of admissions 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 0 3
Ljubljana population 47111 46046 45044 44506 44416 44330 44646 45863 46997 48494 49551 50785 51760 52838 53568 54303 54938 55567
Maribor population 19032 18487 18017 17660 17530 17338 17158 17441 17558 17724 17799 18025 18319 18671 18833 19205 19477 19775
Celje population 9262 8961 8681 8624 8538 8497 8556 8531 8542 8656 8793 8877 9030 9201 9302 9418 9397 9465
Trbovlje population 2495 2356 2245 2167 2107 2068 2058 2025 2041 1996 2013 2005 1999 2042 2038 2042 2042 2077
Zagorje ob Savi population 2745 2664 2605 2501 2476 2447 2444 2445 2470 2467 2481 2476 2451 2460 2476 2467 2481 2491
Ljubljana % 0,186792893 0,186769752 0,104342421 0,179751045 0,137337896 0,205 0,195 0,153 0,068 0,074 0,079 0,037 0,066 0,019 0,059737157 0,035 0,02 0,0324
Maribor % 0,21542665 0,097365716 0,160959094 0,249150623 0,256702795 0,271 0,233 0,361 0,399 0,26 0,258 0,333 0,344 0,209 0,095576913 0,125 0,2002 0,0961
Celje % 0,053984021 0,033478406 0,046077641 0,092764378 0,070274069 0,153 0,105 0,082 0,152 0,092 0,102 0,158 0,144 0,098 0,064502258 0,0743 0,0213 0,0317
Trbovlje % 0,080160321 0,127334465 0,04454343 0,046146747 0,047460845 0,097 0,146 0 0 0,05 0,149 0,05 0,1 0 0 0 0,049 0,1926
Zagorje ob Savi % 0,072859745 0 0 0 0,040387722 0 0 0,082 0 0 0,081 0 0,041 0,041 0,080775444 0 0 0,1204
Figure ZD02-3: Percentage of children admitted to hospital due to asthma regarding age groups, Slovenia, administrative units, 2019
Sources:

NIJZa, 2020 (24. 08. 2020)

Show data
    0 - 4 years 5 - 9 years 10 - 14 years
Ljubljana nmb. of admissions due to asthma 4 10 4
Maribor nmb. of admissions due to asthma 12 6 1
Celje nmb. of admissions due to asthma 1 2 0
Trbovlje nmb. of admissions due to asthma 1 2 1
Zagorje ob Savi nmb. of admissions due to asthma 2 1 0
Ljubljana nmb. of admissions  3006 1355 1136
Maribor nmb. of admissions  1127 543 474
Celje nmb. of admissions  701 308 253
Trbovlje nmb. of admissions  190 65 40
Zagorje ob Savi nmb. of admissions  236 102 41
Ljubljana % 0,13 0,74 0,35
Maribor % 1,06 1,10 0,21
Celje % 0,14 0,65 0,00
Trbovlje % 0,53 3,08 2,50
Zagorje ob Savi % 0,85 0,98 0,00
Figure ZD02-4: Number of hospitalizations for asthma in children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 (per 1,000) by municipalities, Slovenia, 2014-2018
Sources:

National Institute of Public Health, 2020; Zdravje v občini, 2020 (24. 08. 2020)

Show data
Ajdovščina[nmb. of admissions] Beltinci[nmb. of admissions] Bled[nmb. of admissions] Bohinj[nmb. of admissions] Borovnica[nmb. of admissions] Bovec[nmb. of admissions] Brda[nmb. of admissions] Brezovica[nmb. of admissions] Brežice[nmb. of admissions] Tišina[nmb. of admissions] Celje[nmb. of admissions] Cerklje na Gorenjskem[nmb. of admissions] Cerknica[nmb. of admissions] Cerkno[nmb. of admissions] Črenšovci[nmb. of admissions] Črna na Koroškem[nmb. of admissions] Črnomelj[nmb. of admissions] Destrnik[nmb. of admissions] Divača[nmb. of admissions] Dobrepolje[nmb. of admissions] Dobrova - Polhov Gradec[nmb. of admissions] Dol pri Ljubljani[nmb. of admissions] Domžale[nmb. of admissions] Dornava[nmb. of admissions] Dravograd[nmb. of admissions] Duplek[nmb. of admissions] Gorenja vas - Poljane[nmb. of admissions] Gorišnica[nmb. of admissions] Gornja Radgona[nmb. of admissions] Gornji Grad[nmb. of admissions] Gornji Petrovci[nmb. of admissions] Grosuplje[nmb. of admissions] Šalovci[nmb. of admissions] Hrastnik[nmb. of admissions] Hrpelje - Kozina[nmb. of admissions] Idrija[nmb. of admissions] Ig[nmb. of admissions] Ilirska Bistrica[nmb. of admissions] Ivančna Gorica[nmb. of admissions] Izola/Isola[nmb. of admissions] Jesenice[nmb. of admissions] Juršinci[nmb. of admissions] Kamnik[nmb. of admissions] Kanal[nmb. of admissions] Kidričevo[nmb. of admissions] Kobarid[nmb. of admissions] Kobilje[nmb. of admissions] Kočevje[nmb. of admissions] Komen[nmb. of admissions] Koper/Capodistria[nmb. of admissions] Kozje[nmb. of admissions] Kranj[nmb. of admissions] Kranjska Gora[nmb. of admissions] Krško[nmb. of admissions] Kungota[nmb. of admissions] Kuzma[nmb. of admissions] Laško[nmb. of admissions] Lenart[nmb. of admissions] Lendava/Lendva[nmb. of admissions] Litija[nmb. of admissions] Ljubljana[nmb. of admissions] Ljubno[nmb. of admissions] Ljutomer[nmb. of admissions] Logatec[nmb. of admissions] Loška dolina[nmb. of admissions] Loški Potok[nmb. of admissions] Luče[nmb. of admissions] Lukovica[nmb. of admissions] Majšperk[nmb. of admissions] Maribor[nmb. of admissions] Medvode[nmb. of admissions] Mengeš[nmb. of admissions] Metlika[nmb. of admissions] Mežica[nmb. of admissions] Miren - Kostanjevica[nmb. of admissions] Mislinja[nmb. of admissions] Moravče[nmb. of admissions] Moravske Toplice[nmb. of admissions] Mozirje[nmb. of admissions] Murska Sobota[nmb. of admissions] Muta[nmb. of admissions] Naklo[nmb. of admissions] Nazarje[nmb. of admissions] Nova Gorica[nmb. of admissions] Novo mesto[nmb. of admissions] Odranci[nmb. of admissions] Ormož[nmb. of admissions] Osilnica[nmb. of admissions] Pesnica[nmb. of admissions] Piran/Pirano[nmb. of admissions] Pivka[nmb. of admissions] Podčetrtek[nmb. of admissions] Podvelka[nmb. of admissions] Postojna[nmb. of admissions] Preddvor[nmb. of admissions] Ptuj[nmb. of admissions] Puconci[nmb. of admissions] Rače - Fram[nmb. of admissions] Radeče[nmb. of admissions] Radenci[nmb. of admissions] Radlje ob Dravi[nmb. of admissions] Radovljica[nmb. of admissions] Ravne na Koroškem[nmb. of admissions] Ribnica[nmb. of admissions] Rogašovci[nmb. of admissions] Rogaška Slatina[nmb. of admissions] Rogatec[nmb. of admissions] Ruše[nmb. of admissions] Semič[nmb. of admissions] Sevnica[nmb. of admissions] Sežana[nmb. of admissions] Slovenj Gradec[nmb. of admissions] Slovenska Bistrica[nmb. of admissions] Slovenske Konjice[nmb. of admissions] Starše[nmb. of admissions] Sveti Jurij ob Ščavnici[nmb. of admissions] Šenčur[nmb. of admissions] Šentilj[nmb. of admissions] Šentjernej[nmb. of admissions] Šentjur[nmb. of admissions] Škocjan[nmb. of admissions] Škofja Loka[nmb. of admissions] Škofljica[nmb. of admissions] Šmarje pri Jelšah[nmb. of admissions] Šmartno ob Paki[nmb. of admissions] Šoštanj[nmb. of admissions] Štore[nmb. of admissions] Tolmin[nmb. of admissions] Trbovlje[nmb. of admissions] Trebnje[nmb. of admissions] Tržič[nmb. of admissions] Turnišče[nmb. of admissions] Velenje[nmb. of admissions] Velike Lašče[nmb. of admissions] Videm[nmb. of admissions] Vipava[nmb. of admissions] Vitanje[nmb. of admissions] Vodice[nmb. of admissions] Vojnik[nmb. of admissions] Vrhnika[nmb. of admissions] Vuzenica[nmb. of admissions] Zagorje ob Savi[nmb. of admissions] Zavrč[nmb. of admissions] Zreče[nmb. of admissions] Železniki[nmb. of admissions] Žiri[nmb. of admissions] Benedikt[nmb. of admissions] Bistrica ob Sotli[nmb. of admissions] Bloke[nmb. of admissions] Braslovče[nmb. of admissions] Cankova[nmb. of admissions] Cerkvenjak[nmb. of admissions] Dobje[nmb. of admissions] Dobrna[nmb. of admissions] Dobrovnik/Dobronak[nmb. of admissions] Dolenjske Toplice[nmb. of admissions] Grad[nmb. of admissions] Hajdina[nmb. of admissions] Hoče - Slivnica[nmb. of admissions] Hodoš/Hodos[nmb. of admissions] Horjul[nmb. of admissions] Jezersko[nmb. of admissions] Komenda[nmb. of admissions] Kostel[nmb. of admissions] Križevci[nmb. of admissions] Lovrenc na Pohorju[nmb. of admissions] Markovci[nmb. of admissions] Miklavž na Dravskem polju[nmb. of admissions] Mirna Peč[nmb. of admissions] Oplotnica[nmb. of admissions] Podlehnik[nmb. of admissions] Polzela[nmb. of admissions] Prebold[nmb. of admissions] Prevalje[nmb. of admissions] Razkrižje[nmb. of admissions] Ribnica na Pohorju[nmb. of admissions] Selnica ob Dravi[nmb. of admissions] Sodražica[nmb. of admissions] Solčava[nmb. of admissions] Sveta Ana[nmb. of admissions] Sveti Andraž v Slov. goricah[nmb. of admissions] Šempeter - Vrtojba[nmb. of admissions] Tabor[nmb. of admissions] Trnovska vas[nmb. of admissions] Trzin[nmb. of admissions] Velika Polana[nmb. of admissions] Veržej[nmb. of admissions] Vransko[nmb. of admissions] Žalec[nmb. of admissions] Žetale[nmb. of admissions] Žirovnica[nmb. of admissions] Žužemberk[nmb. of admissions] Šmartno pri Litiji[nmb. of admissions] Apače[nmb. of admissions] Cirkulane[nmb. of admissions] Kostanjevica na Krki[nmb. of admissions] Makole[nmb. of admissions] Mokronog - Trebelno[nmb. of admissions] Poljčane[nmb. of admissions] Renče - Vogrsko[nmb. of admissions] Središče ob Dravi[nmb. of admissions] Straža[nmb. of admissions] Sveta Trojica v Slov. goricah[nmb. of admissions] Sveti Tomaž[nmb. of admissions] Šmarješke Toplice[nmb. of admissions] Gorje[nmb. of admissions] Log - Dragomer[nmb. of admissions] Rečica ob Savinji[nmb. of admissions] Sveti Jurij v Slov. goricah[nmb. of admissions] Šentrupert[nmb. of admissions] Mirna[nmb. of admissions] Ankaran[nmb. of admissions]
average 2014-2018 0.96 1.17 1.11 1.42 1.30 2.05 0.61 1.46 0.84 0.75 0.79 1.47 0.52 2.25 0.96 1.10 0.75 0.77 1.58 0.23 1.40 1.22 0.57 0 0.69 0.29 1.36 0 0.86 0 0 1.20 1.23 1.07 0.51 2.71 0.47 1.04 1.14 1.27 0.71 0.91 0.52 1.45 0.33 1.97 2.41 1.76 0.33 0.93 0.31 1.11 1.18 0.64 0.82 0.61 0.43 0.38 0.79 2.00 1.41 0.73 1.41 1.38 1.04 0 0.72 1.15 0 1.07 0.80 1.02 0.65 2.84 1.75 0.23 1.00 1.62 0 1.01 0.92 1.08 0.40 1.57 0.40 0 1.06 0 1.24 0.84 1.32 0.87 0.95 1.80 1.43 0.33 1.32 1.29 1.13 0.44 1.09 0.42 0.49 0.40 1.47 0.09 0.35 0.80 0.28 0.69 0.72 0.83 0.63 0.65 1.11 0.31 0.60 0.66 0.75 0.76 1.00 0.90 1.39 0.17 0.31 0.23 1.31 1.07 1.02 0.30 1.22 0.66 0.47 2.07 0.79 1.80 0 1.45 0.43 0.87 0.35 0.18 1.36 0.30 0.65 2.59 0.71 0.69 0 0.97 3.08 0 2.75 0 0.82 0 3.08 1.11 1.14 0 1.47 1.39 0.12 2.42 0.62 0 0.52 1.15 0.28 0.75 0 0.31 0.84 1.41 0 0.88 1.06 1.26 0 0 0 1.94 0 0 2.33 1.70 0 0 0.52 0 0.66 0 0.85 1.88 0 0.86 1.09 0 0.30 1.59 1.80 0.24 1.23 0.56 1.19 0.70 1.08 0.38 0 0.35 0 0
Figure ZD02-5: Proportion of people reporting asthma in the past 12 months in the selected European countries, 2014
Sources:

ECHI, 2017 (23. 10. 2017)

Show data
2014[%]
Romania 2
Bulgaria 2.70
Lithuania 2.70
Croatia 3
Estonia 3.10
Latvia 3.50
Slovakia 3.90
Poland 4.10
Belgium 4.30
Cyprus 4.30
Austria 4.40
Greece 4.40
Czech Republic 4.50
Spain 4.50
Italy 4.80
Hungary 4.90
Portugal 5
Slovenia 5
Netherlands 5.50
Malta 5.80
EU28 5.90
Germany 6.10
Denmark 6.50
Luxembourg 6.80
Sweden 7.60
France 8.80
Ireland 9
Finland 9.20
United Kingdom 9.40

Methodology

Date of data source summarization

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