Key message
Neutral

The value of agricultural output in Slovenia fluctuates in the period 1995–2020, which can be a consequence of fluctuation of changes in prices of agricultural products, changes in the volume of agricultural production or changes in both. In last couple of years, the key factor is the physical volume of production, which fluctuates markedly due to changing natural (weather) conditions. Similarly, the value of agricultural output, calculated per capita, fluctuates in the analyzed period, with long-term downward trend. Compared to 1995, the value of agricultural output per capita in 2020 decreased by 17%. Slovenia belongs to the lower third of EU–27 member state countries, and reaches around 71% of the European average for the period 2005–2020.


The indicator presents the value of agricultural output per capita in Slovenia in the period 1995–2020, In general, the value of agricultural output is influenced by the changes in prices of agricultural products, by the physical volume of production or a combination of both. Prices of agricultural products in Slovenia are strongly influenced by the prices in the markets in the region, whereas the physical volume of production fluctuates mainly due to the changing natural (weather) conditions. Value of the indicator is foremost in monitoring and simple comparison of year-to-year changes over a longer period of time, because the value of production is expressed in chain linked volumes in constant prices of selected reference year. A comparison with the other member states of the European Union (EU) and United Kingdom is also given for the period 2005–2020.


Charts

Figure KM28-1: Value of agricultural output in basic prices and population; Slovenia, 1995–2020
Sources:

Eurostat, 2021; SORS, 2021; calculations by AIS

Show data
Value of agricultural output in basic prices (constant prices 2015=100, current exchange rate) [million EUR] Value of agricultural output in basic prices (current prices 2015=100, current exchange rate) [million EUR] Population, January 1st[1,000 persons]
1995 1412.14 968.89 1989.48
1996 1463.90 1008.84 1990.27
1997 1450.89 1028.72 1986.99
1998 1354.61 1004 1984.92
1999 1263.92 954.84 1978.33
2000 1304.33 977.55 1987.76
2001 1264.32 976.29 1990.09
2002 1330.73 1066.54 1994.03
2003 1168.96 956.95 1995.03
2004 1304.25 1078.78 1996.43
2005 1260.69 1057.30 1997.59
2006 1232.38 1056.18 2003.36
2007 1248.02 1114.50 2010.38
2008 1248.60 1165.20 2010.27
2009 1088.37 1050.20 2032.36
2010 1153.17 1101.60 2046.98
2011 1272.65 1227.90 2050.19
2012 1179.90 1144.10 2055.50
2013 1170.96 1153.60 2058.82
2014 1229.37 1217.20 2061.09
2015 1269.60 1269.60 2062.87
2016 1197.32 1206.90 2064.19
2017 1125.84 1153 2065.90
2018 1308.93 1370 2066.88
2019 1236.45 1325.20 2080.91
2020 1237.06 1353.32 2095.86
Figure KM28-2: Value of agricultural output per capita in Slovenia in the period 1995–2020 (2015=100; current exchange rate)
Sources:

Eurostat, 2021; SORS, 2021; calculations by AIS

Show data
Slovenia[EUR/capita]
1995 709.80
1996 735.53
1997 730.20
1998 682.45
1999 638.88
2000 656.18
2001 635.31
2002 667.36
2003 585.93
2004 653.29
2005 631.10
2006 615.16
2007 620.79
2008 621.11
2009 535.52
2010 563.35
2011 620.75
2012 574.02
2013 568.75
2014 596.47
2015 615.45
2016 580.04
2017 544.96
2018 633.29
2019 594.19
2020 590.24
Figure KM28-3: Average value of agricultural output in basic prices per capita in EU–27 member countries for the period 2005–2020 (2010=100, current exchange rate)
Sources:

Eurostat, 2021

Show data
2005–2020[EUR/capita]
Malta 266.91
Slovaška 385.50
Czechia 434.32
Latvia 490.27
Bulgaria 498.94
Estonia 506.79
Sweden 534.73
Slovenia 567.31
Poland 573.34
Croatia 598.19
Germany 599.60
Luxemburg 628.32
Portugal 632.81
Finland 675.63
Belgium 686.51
Romania 701.67
Austria 708.27
Hungary 727.64
Lithuania 738.87
EU–27 794.31
Italy 801.09
Cyprus 804.69
Spain 936.92
Greece 992.23
France 1039.16
Ireland 1384.22
Netherlands 1477.89
Denmark 1746.58
United Kingdom 365.50

Goals

  • Increasing the value of agricultural production per capita by achieving higher producer prices of agricultural products and optimal physical volume of agricultural production.
  • Ensure the optimal value of agricultural production, which enables stable food security.

In the analyzed period 1995–2020, the number of inhabitants in Slovenia increased; in 2020 almost two million one hundred thousand people lived in Slovenia, which is 108 thousand more than in 2000 (+ 5%).

In the period 1995–2020, the value of agricultural output at basic prices in Slovenia was on average a little over € 1.1 billion (current prices, current exchange rate), and it fluctuated noticeably, both in nominal and real terms. Compared to 1995, the agricultural output in 2020 decreased by around 12% in real terms.

In general, changes in the value of agricultural output are influenced by changes in prices of agricultural products, changes in the physical volume of production, or a combination of both. Prices of agricultural products in Slovenia are strongly influenced by the prices on the markets of countries in the region, and they are also characterized by a long-term downward trend. The physical volume of production (especially of crop production) fluctuates mainly due to changing natural (weather) conditions, especially in the last few years. The agricultural output was markedly lower in the years 2003, 2013 and 2017 due to the lower physical volume of agricultural output because of the unfavorable weather conditions, while in 2009, 2010 and 2016 the value was lower due to decrease in prices. In terms of value of agricultural output (and also in terms of income), the most favorable year was 2018, when the crop harvests were abundant, especially of fruit and grapes. In 2020, according to SORS estimate (Žaucer, 2021b), the value agricultural output remained at the level of the previous year; the fall in prices was largely mitigated by increase in the physical volume of agricultural production.

For the analysis of the long-term trends, the value of agricultural output is presented in terms of chain linked volumes, at constant prices of the selected reference year (2015). This way the effects of price changes are eliminated (price and quality structure among products/services of specific years is better taken into account); changes in the output value are thus attributed only to volume changes. Tis way, growth rates can be directly compared between selected years. We can conclude that in Slovenia in the analyzed period (1995–2020) the value of agricultural output, calculated per capita, fluctuates, with long-term downward trend. Compared to 1995, the value of agricultural output per capita in 2020 decreased by 17%.

A comparison of the agricultural output (chain linked volumes, in constant prices 2010) per capita with the other EU–27 member state countries and United Kingdom shows considerable diversity among countries. In the period 2005-2020, the highest average values were calculated for Denmark (120% above the European average), the Netherlands and Ireland, and the lowest for Malta (around a third of the European average), Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovenia belongs to the lower third of EU–27 member state countries, and reaches around 71% of the European average for the period 2005–2020.

A similar indicator is calculated by the FAO as part of a package of food security indicators in the dimension of "stability" (“per capita food production variability”), except that it is calculated in different monetary units (international $).


Methodology

Date of data source summarization
Other sources and literature

European system of accounts — ESA 2010. 2013. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2785/16644                   
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/5925693/KS-02-13-269-EN.PDF.pdf/44cd9d01-bc64-40e5-bd40-d17df0c69334?t=1414781932000 (7. maj 2021)

Travnikar T. (ur.), Bedrač M., Bele S., Brečko J., Hiti A., Kožar M., Moljk B., Zagorc B. 2019. Poročilo o stanju kmetijstva, živilstva, gozdarstva in ribištva v letu 2019. Ljubljana, Kmetijski inštitut Slovenije: 260 str.   
https://www.kis.si/f/docs/Porocila_o_stanju_v_kmetijstvu_OEK/ZP_2019_splosno__priloge_net.pdf (7. maj 2021)

Žaucer I. 2021a. Ekonomski računi za kmetijstvo. Metodološko pojasnilo. Marec 2021.Ljubljana, Statistični urad RS: 13 str.
https://www.stat.si/statweb/File/DocSysFile/7786 (7. maj 2021)

Žaucer I. 2021b. Realni faktorski dohodek na PDM v kmetijstvu v 2020 predvidoma za 6 % višji, kot je bil v 2019. Realni dohodek iz kmetijstva – druga ocena, Slovenija, 2020. Prva objava, 29. januar 2021: 3 str.
http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/prikazi-novico?id=9325 (29. marec 2021)