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The population in Slovenia is increasing and in 2020 amounted to 2,096 million. Natural increase has decreased (-5.2 persons per 1000 population). On the other hand the net migration of 6.2 persons per 1000 population ranks Slovenia 4th among the EU-27 Member States. Projections for the future show that by 2100 the population of Slovenia will decrease sharply (to 1,888,364).


The indicator monitors the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development by comparing the HDI - the human development index and the ecological footprint. Between 1990 and 2019, the value of the Human Development Index (HDI) increased from 0.774 to 0.917 (by 18.5%). Slovenia is ranked among the countries with a very high human development index, in 22nd place out of 189 countries included in the calculations. In general, the higher the HDI of a country is, the higher the ecological footprint is.


In 2018, the ecological footprint of Slovenia was 5,37 gha per capita while biocapacity was 2.2 gha. For such a lifestyle 3.39 Earths would be required for the world's population to live within planetary regenerative capacity. This places Slovenia above the average of the EU countries (4.6 gha per capita). The carbon footprint usually accounts for around 60% of the total ecological footprint and therefore needs to receive comparatively more attention. According to consumption categories, housing and personal transportation contribute the most to the ecological footprint in Slovenia.