Key message
Good

The population of brown bear in Slovenia is in a favorable state of preservation, with a trend of improvement. The estimated number of bears in spring was 990.

The population is the northwestern part of the Dinaric-Pind population, which was in 2012  estimated at 3950 individuals and is stable or growing.

The brown bear live in large forested areas, in Slovenia, they are present in fir and beech forests of the high karst massifs, so the brown bear population indicator indirectly reflects the status of this forest landscape, which is largely included in the Natura 2000 network.


This indicator shows the status of the brown bear population in Slovenia and, indirectly, the status of the bear's habitat. It is composed of several sub-indicators: sex structure of animals taken from the wild, various reasons for taking animals from the wild, registration of damage to property caused by bears, and data gathered at permanent counting sites.

 


Charts

Figure NB06-1:  Number of incidents caused by the brown bear
Sources:

Statistical data on incidents caused by the brown bear to human assets, Slovenia Forest Service, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2021 (30. 03. 2021)

Show data
incidents [number] damage in EUR[EUR]
1995 57 11795
1996 45 25621
1997 81 40580
1998 105 120653
1999 138 99825
2000 139 52638
2001 123 44240
2002 503 131377
2003 239 64922
2004 466 124129
2005 817 194866
2006 589 145160
2007 294 81866
2008 578 170679
2009 380 154314
2010 629 252497
2011 311 113703
2012 592 232339
2013 364 145066
2014 519 192206
2015 355 148344
2016 306 136126
2017 440 164917
2018 151 58075
2019 341 138884
Figure NB06-2: Structure of brown bears eliminated from the wild
Sources:

Statistical data on structure of elimination from the brown bear population, Slovenia Forest Service, 2021 (30. 03. 2021)

Show data
total[number] unknown[number] above 150 kg[number] from 101 to 150 kg[number] up to 100 kg[number] unknown[%] females [%] males[%] unknown[number] females [number] males[number]
1995 36 1 6 12 17 2.80 33.30 63.90 1 12 23
1996 49 0 5 15 29 2 34.70 63.30 1 17 31
1997 43 0 2 13 28 0 46.50 53.50 0 20 23
1998 61 1 8 20 32 4.90 32.80 62.30 3 20 38
1999 56 1 11 7 37 1.80 33.90 64.30 1 19 36
2000 63 0 6 16 41 0 39.70 60.30 0 25 38
2001 56 2 7 14 33 3.60 35.70 60.70 2 20 34
2002 116 1 9 20 86 0.90 36.20 62.90 1 42 73
2003 72 0 6 13 53 1.40 36.10 62.50 1 26 45
2004 80 2 9 17 52 2.50 36.30 61.30 2 29 49
2005 95 0 4 22 69 0 47.40 52.60 0 45 50
2006 126 0 13 31 81 1.60 47.60 50.80 2 60 64
2007 108 0 15 21 72 0.90 44.40 54.60 1 48 59
2008 92 1 5 21 65 3.30 41.30 55.40 3 38 51
2009 85 1 10 19 55 2.40 34.10 63.50 2 29 54
2010 108 0 8 26 74 0 44.40 55.60 0 48 60
2011 64 0 7 13 44 6.30 45.30 48.40 4 29 31
2012 132 0 10 21 101 2.30 40.90 56.80 3 54 75
2013 58 0 6 9 43 8.60 44.80 46.60 5 26 27
2014 143 2 18 24 99 0.60 49.70 49.70 1 71 71
2015 116 0 13 23 80 0 38.80 61.20 0 45 71
2016 48 0 6 5 37 4.20 33.30 62.50 2 16 30
2017 122 4 11 24 83 3.30 42.60 54.10 4 52 66
2018 153 21 20 112 0 36.60 63.40 0 56 97
2019 183 1 14 43 125 0.50 50.30 49.20 1 92 90
2020 99 1 7 24 67 3 51.50 45.50 3 51 45
Figure NB06-3: Brown bears eliminated from the wild by reason
Sources:

Statistical data on structure of elimination from the brown bear population, Slovenia Forest Service, 2021 (30. 03. 2021)

Show data
Eliminated bears - total[number] Kills - total[number] Losses [number] Capture [number] Extraordinary kills[number] Regular kills[number]
1995 36 32 4 0 2 30
1996 49 43 4 2 9 34
1997 43 32 10 1 7 25
1998 61 50 11 0 8 42
1999 56 42 12 2 6 36
2000 63 45 15 3 8 37
2001 56 41 13 2 8 33
2002 116 90 23 3 25 65
2003 72 61 11 0 15 46
2004 80 60 20 0 14 46
2005 95 73 22 0 37 36
2006 126 94 27 5 18 76
2007 108 89 19 0 21 68
2008 92 75 17 0 14 61
2009 85 69 16 0 13 56
2010 108 98 10 0 5 93
2011 64 57 7 0 6 51
2012 132 100 32 0 15 85
2013 58 48 10 0 4 44
2014 143 120 23 0 11 109
2015 116 99 17 0 6 93
2016 48 31 16 1 3 28
2017 122 96 26 0 19 77
2018 153 140 13 0 12 128
2019 183 167 16 0 6 161
2020 99 88 11 0 12 76
Figure NB06-4: Spring and autumn population structure of the brown bear during the period 2004-2021
Sources:

Statistical data on the monitoring of abundance trends and the population structure of the brown bear, Slovenia Forest Service and Slovenian Hunting Association, 2021 (30. 03. 2021)

Show data
other bears[%] offspring 1+[%] offsprnig 0+[%] female bears with offspring 1+ [%] female bears with offspring 0+ [%]
spring 46 19 17 9 9
autumn 42 11 28 5 14
Figure NB06-5: Average number of bears observed per counting point
Sources:

Statistical data on the monitoring of abundance trends and the population structure of the brown bear, Slovenia Forest Service and Slovenian Hunting Association , 2021 (30. 03. 2021)

Show data
spring[number] autumn[number] total[number]
2004 0.87 0.80 0.84
2005 1.17 1.15 1.16
2006 0.98 0.95 1.03
2007 0.96 0.46 0.71
2008 0.94 1.22 1.09
2009 1.08 0.82 0.95
2010 0.95 1.23 1.09
2011 1 0.51 0.76
2012 1.09 1.17 1.13
2013 1.11 1.02 1.06
2014 1.35 1.49 1.42
2015 1.26 1.14 1.20
2016 1.10 1 1.05
2017 1.37 1.77 1.57
2018 1.32 1.49 1.41
2019 2.10 1.94 2.02
2020 2.01 1.72 1.87

Goals

To maintain a favourable state of the brown bear population and to reduce conflicts.


Methodology

Date of data source summarization

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