There is a noticeable increase in the area of agricultural land included in the implementation of agri-environmental schemes (AES) measures in the period 2015–2021. During this period, the net area of agricultural land under agro-environmental measures increased from 131,410 ha to 160,132 ha (an increase of 22%). The share of the area of these land in the utilized agricultural area (UAA) thus increased from around 27 to around 33%. The area of land with AES measures, with the inclusion of agricultural holdings in the AES (agri-environmetal schemes), thus increased most noticeably at the beginning of the program period.
The indicator shows the area of utilized agricultural land in Slovenia, which is under agri-environmental schemes measures, in the period 2015–2021. The area for which the support for the implementation of AES measures, according to the regulations on the implementation of agricultural policy, was paid in a given year are presented. Due to the fact that there can be more than one AES measure implemented on the same land, the gross utilized agricultural area under AES is presented. Net agricultural therefore presents the agricultural land area on which at least one of the AES measures is implemented (without duplicating the land on which more than one measure is implemented). The share of gross and net area of agricultural land under AES in utilized agricultural area is therefore shown. The indicator also presents the share of areas in utilized agricultural area, on which the main measures of AES are implemented, for the EU countries.
Source: MAFF, 2022; SORS, 2022
Gross UAA under agri-environmental measures[ha]
Net UAA under agri-environmental measures[ha]
Special grassland habitats[ha]
Grassland habitats of butterflies[ha]
Conservation of steep meadow habitats[ha]
Preserving plant genetic resources under threat of genetic erosion[ha]
High-trunk meadow orchards[ha]
Habitats of birdf of humid extensive meadows (Natura 2000)[ha]
Livestock rearing in area of the occurrence of large carnivores[ha]
Arable farming and vegetable cultivation[ha]
Permanent grassland I[ha]
Permanent grassland II[ha]
Preservation of hedgerows[km]
Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (net)[%]
Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total[ha]
DATA COLLECTION: 26. 10. 2022 ()
|Biodiversity, 2016[%]||Biodiversity, 2017[%]||Biodiversity, 2018[%]||Biodiversity, 2019[%]||Improvement of water management, 2016[%]||Improvement of water management, 2017[%]||Improvement of water management, 2018[%]||Improvement of water management, 2019[%]||Prevention of soil erosion, 2016[%]||Prevention of soil erosion, 2017[%]||Prevention of soil erosion, 2018[%]||Prevention of soil erosion, 2019[%]|
At the national level:
At the EU level:
Measures within the framework of agri-environmental schemes with various forms of support encourage the preservation or transition to more environmentally friendly methods of agricultural production, which contribute to the improvement of soil and water quality, the preservation of soil fertility, biodiversity and the traditional rural landscape, and thus also to the sustainable use of natural resources. Farmers join the program voluntarily, and the measures are implemented on a part or the entire farm. With a special contract, they undertake to farm for at least a minimum specified time period (usually five years) in accordance with the prescribed conditions for an individual measure, which require more than just compliance with the usual principles of good agricultural practice. By joining the agri-environmental program, they acquire the right to payments to cover additional costs or replace the loss of income due to a more demanding way of farming.
Agricultural policy started to implement the first measures to support environmentally friendly farming methods in 1999, and on a larger scale after the adoption of the Slovenian Agricultural and Environmental Program in 2001. In the first year (2001), ten measures were implemented on a trial basis, and in the following years their number grew to more than 20. After joining the EU in 2004, support within the agricultural-environmental program became part of the Rural Development Program of the Republic of Slovenia (2004–2006, 2007–2013 and 2014–2020). In 2015, measures were implemented under the new program for the period 2014–2020, which covers the period until 2022. The content of the new agricultural-environmental-climate payments pursue similar goals as in previous periods, and are implemented within the framework of the 19 operations, which contain a total of more than 50 mandatory and optional requirements. Due to differences in the types and number of measures, the areas of land included in agri-environmental schemes measures in 2015 are not directly comparable to the areas of agri-environmental schemes measures in the program period 2007–2013.
The net area of agricultural land with agro-environmental schemes increased from 131,410 ha in 2015 to 160,132 ha in 2021. The increase is noticeable at the beginning and at the end of the considered period. Thus, the area covered by AES measures increased by 14% (17,938 ha) between 2015 and 2016, when more farms were newly included in the schemes with the new program period of the common agricultural policy. Between 2020 and 2021, the volume of land under AES increased by 6% (8,725 ha). The net share of agricultural land on which agri-environmental schemes are implemented thus moved similarly to the volume of land with AES measures, and reached 33.4% of utilized agricultural area in 2021. Among all agri-environmental measures, the largest area is included in the operation arable farming and vegetable growing (63,656 ha in 2019). While only 3 ha of UAA in 2019, are included in the operation of mowing of hummocky meadows.
Of all agri-environmental measures, the largest area is included in those that are within the scope of arable farming and vegetable cultivation (63,656 ha in 2019). The least, only 3 ha in 2019, is the area of utilized agricultural land with measures addressing the mowing of hummocky meadows.
According to the data from the reports of the European Network for Rural Development (ENRD, 2022), on the included UAA in the agri-environmental schemes (biodiversity, water management, prevention of soil erosion), Slovenia is achieving the goals set for 2023. Share of gross areas of agricultural land with AES measures that address biodiversity is 45.4% (the target is 33.0%), those who address more efficient water management is 40.6% (the target is 28.9%) and those who address the prevention of soil erosion is 41.9% ( the target is 31.4%). Likewise, at the EU level, the target for measures addressing biodiversity has been reached with 17.7% of the UAA (the target is 17.3%). The same applies to measures in the field of soil erosion prevention, where at the EU level, 14.1% of KZU are included in such measures (the target is 13.9%). In the case of areas with measures that improve water management, the target (14.4%), with 14.2% of the UAA has not yet been reached.
Thus, Slovenia is included in the group of EU countries that have exceeded the goals set for 2023. Among the countries in this group, Malta stands out the most, greatly exceeding the goals set for 2023. Among the individual EU member states, behind the goals set in the area of biodiversity, Romania lags behind the most. The Netherlands lags far behind the set targets for areas that address more efficient water management and prevention of soil erosion.