Area included in the implementation of agri-environment measures is on the increase. In 2004, these measures affected 278,010 ha (gross) or 177,682 ha (net) of agricultural land, while in 1999, their extent was only 2,948 ha. The share of land under agri-environmental support in the total utilised agricultural area increased from 1 % in 1999 to 36 % in 2004. In 2004, the most important type of agri-environmental schemes in terms of area covered were those specifically targeted at landscape and biodiversity enhancement (68 %). This type of measure belongs to the group of the so-called broad brush or light green measures which tend to include a large number of holdings and cover wide area, and are less demanding.
The indicator presents agricultural area included in the implementation of the agri-environmental measures in total and by types of measures. The relative aggregate indicator is the share of agricultural land under these measures in the total utilised agricultural area. This indicator does not provide direct information on the environmental efficiency of the measures; rather, it indicates the response of agricultural holdings to the agricultural policy supporting environmentally friendly methods of production.
Data on the area enrolled in agri-environmental measures refer to approved applications for direct payments for the implementation of individual environmental measure in accordance with the annual decree on the implementation of the agricultural policy. The total area included in the agri-environmental programmes was calculated as sum of areas with individual measure (excluding animal-based measures). As a number of different agri-environmental measures can be implemented on the same area, the basic information is represented by gross area. Where possible, the information on net area (without double counting the area on which more than one measure is implemented) is used for the calculation of the relative indicator (share of area under agri-environmental measures in the total utilised agricultural area).This is comparable with the definition used to calculate this indicator for the majority of the EU-15 counties.
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, 1999-2004; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia; IRENA Indicator Fact Sheet: IRENA 1 – Area under agri-environment support.
|Gross UAA under agri-environmental measures||ha||2948||6299||90486||111753||134174||235254||273592||271315||328364|
|Net UAA under agri-environmental measures||ha||2948||6299||90486||np||np||177682||203648||np||np|
|Input reduction, crop rotation, extensification||ha||2593||3289||7957||12975||15799||68529||99375||104681||133727|
|Protection against erosion in orchards and vineyards||ha||-||-||-||-||-||304||282||214||151|
|Crop rotation stabilisation||ha||-||-||328||1539||1794||6961||12988||12286||17623|
|Greening of arable land||ha||-||-||-||2722||4245||25826||40952||44881||60152|
|Permanent green cover in groundwater protected areas||ha||-||-||-||-||7||463||1199||947||1084|
|Integrated arable crop production||ha||-||-||-||-||-||24343||31692||34608||41565|
|Integrated fruit production||ha||2416||2955||3074||2812||3221||3180||3406||3155||3540|
|Integrated vine production||ha||-||-||4107||5334||5875||6563||7922||7594||8636|
|Grassing and green fallow||ha||-||-||-||-||-||-||4||6||-|
|Lanscape and biodiversity enhancement||ha||-||-||74199||87016||102100||146688||147805||138149||162260|
|Revitalisation of agricultural land||ha||-||-||487||145||31||-||-||-||-|
|Steep slopes mowing||ha||-||-||-||-||-||25466||23477||21079||25267|
|Humpy meadows mowing||ha||-||-||-||-||-||23||35||12||26|
|Sustainable animal breeding||ha||-||-||63624||66753||75602||83515||93416||89450||104975|
|Restructuring of animal husbandry in the central areas of appearance of large cornivores||ha||-||-||-||10383||14485||13010||8033||7987||9204|
|Extensive grassland maintanance||ha||-||-||-||-||4173||14954||13632||12155||14369|
|Preservation of special grassland habitats||ha||-||-||-||-||-||171||546||640||602|
|Bird conservation in humid extensive meadows in Natura 2000 sites||ha||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||308|
|Preservation of litter meadows||ha||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||21|
|Preservation of grassland habitats of butterflies||ha||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||113|
|Production of traditional and regionally rare agricultural plants||ha||-||-||-||-||-||4559||5935||5295||5881|
|Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (net)||%||0.6||1.2||17.8||np||np||36.2||40||np||np|
|Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total||ha||498591||508960||509624||505462||509709||490518||508758.5||490341||498577|
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, 1999-2004; IRENA Indicator Fact Sheet: IRENA 1 – Area under agri-environment support.
The objective of the agri-environmental measures is to use different types of support to promote the preservation or transition to environmentally friendlier methods of production which contribute to improved quality of soil and water, preservation of soil fertility, biodiversity and traditional rural landscape, and thus to the protection of enivironment and sustainable use of natural resources. The programme documents do not contain quantified targets; every increase of area under agri-environmental measures, thus, can be considered as being in accordance with the goal.
Data for Slovenia
The data are taken from annual reports of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food on the state of agriculture, food production and forestry in individual years (source: Report on the State of Agriculture, Food Production and Forestry; 1999 to 2003; MAFF). The basic sources are data on direct payments in agriculture, kept by the Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Agricultural Markets and Rural Development (AAMRD). These are data on approved applications for individual measures or granted direct payments by measures. For the first few years of the implementation of the Slovenian Agri-Environmental Programme (SAEP) (2001–2003), which enabled combinations of certain measures on the same area, only data on gross total area under agri-environmental measures is available. Consolidated data, without double counting (net area), are only available for the last year (2004) and for 1999 and 2000, when only one measure could be implemented on the same area. For 2004 the sources of data for the calculation of indicators is the annual report of the MAFF on the implementation of the Rural Development Programme (Report on the Implementation of Measures of the Rural Development Programme for the Republic of Slovenia 2004-2006 for 2004, Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry and Food; 2005). A constituent part of such reports is a common set of data on the area under agri-environmental contracts in total and by type of measure providing comparable information for all EU member states.
The source of data on the total utilised agricultural area (UAA) is the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SORS).
All data are updated on an annual basis.
Data for Europe
– Name of original database: IRENA Indicator Fact Sheet; IRENA 01: Area under agri-environmental support; ;
– Trustee institution: EEA/IRENA with DG AGRI.
Original data were acquired on the basis of the Common indicators for monitoring of the Rural Development Programmes (Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999). Data refer to area for which contracts on the implementation of individual agri-environmental measure were concluded. They are updated on a yearly basis, but with considerable delay.
The agricultural policy began implementing the first measures for the support of environmentally friendly methods of farming in 1999. On a larger scale, the implementation continued after the adoption of the Slovenian Agri-Environmental Programme in 2001 (Official Gazette RS No. 34/01). In the first year (2001) there were ten pilot measures; in the next few years, their number continued to grow and increased to 21 in 2004. Farmers are included in the programme on a voluntary basis and implement the measures on the entire holding or on part of it. By signing a special contract, they commit themselves to farm in accordance with the conditions prescribed for individual measure, which go beyond usual principles of good farming practice for at least the minimum specified period (five years as a rule). With the inclusion in the agri-environmental programme, they are entitled to receive area-based (or animal-based in some cases) payments to cover additional costs or compensate for the loss of income due to the more demanding farming methods. After Slovenia’s entrance in the EU, support in the scope of the Agri-Environmental Programme has become part of the Rural Development Programme 2004–2006 (Official Gazette RS No. 116/04).
Since 1999, area under agri-environmental measures has been increasing steadily. In 1999, the measures were implemented on 2,948 ha, in 2001 on 90,486 ha, and in 2004 on 278,010 ha (net 177.682 ha). The area increased due to the rising number of measures and the growing response to individual measures. The share of area under agri-environmental payments (net) in the total utilised agricultural area rose from 1 % in 1999 to 36 % in 2004.
In 2004, 68 % of agricultural land under agri-environmental measures were intended for the implementation of the measures designed to contribute to the conservation of the cultural landscape and biodiversity (189,899 ha). Measures reducing the consumption of inputs or contributing to improvements of soil quality and indirectly to water quality covered 24 % (68,102 ha), and organic farming as the most demanding form of agri-environmental measures covered 6 % (15,450 ha). Measures for the protection or preservation of endangered plant species were implemented on the remaining land.
In 2002, agri-environmental measures were implemented on 24 % of total utilised agricultural area in the EU-15. The majority of the measures were targeted at the reduction of inputs and extensification (40 %), followed by measures for biodiversity and landscape enhancement (30 %), other measures (22 %), and organic farming (7 %).