KAZALCI OKOLJA

Environmental indicators in Slovenia


Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Frequency of groundwater drought is increasing in recent decades in alluvial aquifers. 8 out of 10 years with highest intensity of groundwater drought in period 1981-2023 occurred after year 2000. Groundwater droughts with higher intensity is characteristic for winter while milder groundwater droughts mostly occur at the beginning of autumn. Groundwater drought intensity is also increasing seasonally with time between June and September when groundwater use is pronounced.

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Final energy consumption in buildings amounted to 1,600 ktoe in 2021 and was lagging behind the indicative annual target from the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). Compared to the previous year, it increased by 4%, and compared to 2005, it decreased by 17%. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in buildings amounted to 1,021 kt CO2 eq. in 2021, thus the indicative annual target from NECP was achieved.

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Total GHG emissions in the EU-ETS sector recorded an annual decrease for the fourth year in a row, in the last year they decreased by almost 7% and reached the lowest value in the observed period. The decrease is mainly a result of much lower GHG emissions in transformations. At the EU level, a legally binding target of reducing GHG emissions by 62% by 2030 compared to the 2005 level has been adopted for this sector, which is a common target for the EU and is not further differentiated by member state. Slovenia has not set a specific target for this sector.

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Research from the European Barometer (EBS) since 2008 has continuously testified to the high awareness of Slovenians about climate changes. Despite fluctuations in perception, for the majority – over two-thirds – climate change represents a very serious problem. Since 2015, we have observed a gradual increase in this awareness, which has surpassed three-quarters of respondents in the latest measurements. According to the most recent data from the REUS 2022 study, more than 80% of households recognize the severity of climate changes, confirming a high level of concern among the population.

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The trend of decreasing energy consumption in households between 2010 and 2022 indicates a positive attitude of the population towards efficient energy use. However, since 2017, a negative trend has been observed, particularly in households' awareness of their own energy consumption and in their consideration of more efficient use. With three-quarters of households in 2022 rating their energy consumption as medium to very high, a significant potential for reducing energy consumption in this sector is suggested.