Environmental indicators in Slovenia


Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Bad

Road goods transport has been growing sharply since Slovenia joined the EU, as the volume of tonne-kilometres of the Slovenian transport carriers increased by more than 2,5 times in the period 2004-2019. The growth of freight transport and transit in Slovenia has been constant in road, rail and maritime transport since independence, despite intermediate economic problems in the EU during the recession 2008-2014. The exception is air freight transport, which has stagnated for years after a sharp decline in 2008.

Good

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to land-use change generally show a declining trend. In 2021, GHG emissions from deforestation decreased by 0.5% compared to the previous year, with more than half, i.e. 62%, of these emissions coming from the establishment of agricultural land. GHG emissions due to land conversion to built-up and related land decreased by 2.8% compared to the previous year. The largest share of emissions (66%) is due to the conversion of agricultural land to built-up and related land.

Bad

Slovenian forests are over-mature, the current ratio of forest development phases is unfavourable, forest regeneration is too slow, or the areas of forests under restoration are too small to significantly change the share of forest development phases and thus ensure sustainable forest development. The role of forests as a carbon sink is at risk.

Neutral

Net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF) sector amounted to -3.106 kt CO2 eq in 2021. In this year, the net emissions were higher or sinks smaller by 1.2% compared to the previous year and by 57% compared to 2005. According to data from the Slovenian Forest Service, felling in 2021 decreased by only 3.6% compared to 2020. In 2021, and for the first time since 2014, the share of sanitary felling was less than a third of the total annual felling.

Neutral

Most Slovenian forests are still undergoing natural regeneration, which guarantees the stability of future forest stands and adaptation to the changing site conditions caused by climate change. Restoration by planting seedlings and sowing (artificial regeneration) only complements natural regeneration when disturbances occur in the process of the natural regeneration of the forest, e.g. where there is no possibility of natural seeding, with the risk of developing erosion processes on exposed forest areas (e.g.

Good

Data on GHG emissions from forest fires show a downward trend, which is, however, not statistically significant. In the long term, there is a major forest fire in Slovenia about every five years, so GHG emissions are relatively high in these years. The highest GHG emissions due to forest fires since we have been recording data were in 2003.