Environmental indicators in Slovenia

Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Road goods transport has been growing sharply since Slovenia joined the EU, as the volume of tonne-kilometres of the Slovenian transport carriers increased by more than 2,5 times in the period 2004-2019. The growth of freight transport and transit in Slovenia has been constant in road, rail and maritime transport since independence, despite intermediate economic problems in the EU during the recession 2008-2014. The exception is air freight transport, which has stagnated for years after a sharp decline in 2008.


In Slovenia, forests have been growing in terms of growing stock and increment for decades. They have increased by more than 140% over the last 70 years. In addition to natural conditions, harvesting depends on socioeconomic factors, and recently on the occurrence of natural disasters (windbreaks, icebreakers) and bark beetles outbreaks. By 2014, the felling accounted for about 50% of the increment. After the ice storm in 2014, it increased substantially and accounted for 60 to 75% of the total increment of conifers and deciduous trees.


Regarding the forest area, deforestation accounts for an insignificant share. The average of the last ten years is approximately 405 ha (350–550 ha per year) and thus does not represent a significant factor in forest cover changes. Until 2008, most deforestation is a result of infrastructure facilities construction. In 2008, the unprecedented increase in deforestation for agricultural purposes occurred. The increase was due to the amendment to the Forest Act, which subject to the conditions allows the issuance of an authorisation for deforestation for agricultural purposes up to 0.5 ha.


Forests in Slovenia are relatively well preserved, especially in terms of the diversity of the natural tree species composition and the vertical and horizontal stand structure. The share of preserved forests exceeds 50%. Heavily modified, mostly forests where natural tree species are altered with spruce, and altered forests make up just over a tenth of all forests.


Inland bathing water quality in Slovenia is good and comparable with bathing water quality in other European countries.


In 2021, EU-27 GHG emissions increased by 5.1 % compared to 2020 and was 30% lower than in the base year 1990. In 2021, Slovenian GHG emissions increased by 0.8% compared to 2020. Emissions from non-ETS sectors were as much as 5.5% higher than in 2020, but 22% lower than in 2005.