Environmental indicators in Slovenia

Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Water protection areas (WPA) comprise approximately 17% of the territory of Slovenia. Going by land use in these areas, forest (61.1%) prevails, followed by grassland (13.6%) and arable fields (10.9%). Ecologically farmed land represents only 1.7% of total WPAs and 6.04% of agricultural land on WPAs, with grassland representing the largest share at 79.6%.


In 2019, Slovenia's ecological footprint amounted to 5.23 gha per inhabitant, which places our country below the European Union average (5.42 gha per inhabitant). Carbon footprint contributes 56% of the ecological footprint, so it should receive comparatively more attention. A significant share of the ecological footprint is also represented by forest products (23.1%). According to the categories of consumption, housing and personal transport contribute the most to the ecological footprint in Slovenia. Goods is the category with the least contribution to the ecological footprint.


Fuel prices could play an important role in the internalization of external transport costs, but this potential is not exploited in Slovenia. Determining the price of fuels has primarily an economic function and is not a tool of environmental policy. Fuel taxation is a function of the country's economic policy and responds to crude oil prices on the international market, which is a reflection of global supply and demand and geopolitical (in)stability.


The estimated value of external transport costs in 2021 is approximately 2.4 billion euros, accounting for 4.6% of Slovenia's GDP. The majority (99%) of these costs are attributed to road traffic, while only 1% is attributed to rail traffic. Two-thirds of external costs arise from passenger traffic, with the remaining one-third from freight traffic. Notably, a third of the external costs of transport are associated with traffic accidents, followed by costs related to congestion (20%), climate change (18%), air pollution (16%), damage to habitats (7%), and noise (6%).


Total revenues from taxes/charges from road, rail and inland water transport in the EU28 amounted to EUR 370 billion in 2016. This is approximately 2.5% of EU28 GDP in 2016. Aviation and maritime revenues are calculated only for a set of selected airports and ports, so it is not possible to determine the share of these revenues in total aviation and maritime tax/charges revenues of transport in the EU28.