KAZALCI OKOLJA

Environmental indicators in Slovenia


Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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Bad

The quick rate of retreat of the Triglav Glacier, which began in the second half of the 20thcentury, further accelerated till the beginning of the 21st century. Due to increasing intensity of ice thinning, outcropping rocks began to emerge in the middle of the glacier, which disintegrated into two parts in 1992. In the last part of the first decade of the 21st century, the glacier has been retreating at a slower rate. The last major recession of the glacier was registered after the above average hot summer of 2003.

Neutral

Water protection areas (WPA) comprise approximately 17% of the territory of Slovenia. Going by land use in these areas, forest (61.1%) prevails, followed by grassland (13.6%) and arable fields (10.9%). Ecologically farmed land represents only 1.7% of total WPAs and 6.04% of agricultural land on WPAs, with grassland representing the largest share at 79.6%.

Bad

In 2019, Slovenia's ecological footprint amounted to 5.23 gha per inhabitant, which places our country below the European Union average (5.42 gha per inhabitant). Carbon footprint contributes 56% of the ecological footprint, so it should receive comparatively more attention. A significant share of the ecological footprint is also represented by forest products (23.1%). According to the categories of consumption, housing and personal transport contribute the most to the ecological footprint in Slovenia. Goods is the category with the least contribution to the ecological footprint.

Bad

Fuel prices could play an important role in the internalization of external transport costs, but this potential is not exploited in Slovenia. Determining the price of fuels has primarily an economic function and is not a tool of environmental policy. Fuel taxation is a function of the country's economic policy and responds to crude oil prices on the international market, which is a reflection of global supply and demand and geopolitical (in)stability.

Bad

Total revenues from taxes/charges from road, rail and inland water transport in the EU28 amounted to EUR 370 billion in 2016. This is approximately 2.5% of EU28 GDP in 2016. Aviation and maritime revenues are calculated only for a set of selected airports and ports, so it is not possible to determine the share of these revenues in total aviation and maritime tax/charges revenues of transport in the EU28.

Neutral

Although the annual number of road traffic fatalities in Slovenia has been declining for decades and has decreased to about a third since independence, traffic still requires an excessive tax. The number of traffic accidents with victims or serious injuries is at the level of 30 years ago, the number of serious injuries is already 15 years stagnant. Traffic accidents have claimed an average of almost 110 lives per year over the last ten years, and fortunately, the number of deaths in traffic accidents has been slightly decreasing over the past ten years.