Key messages
he European Community has fulfilled its obligations under the first period of the Kyoto Protocol, as total GHG emissions in the first commitment period 2008-2012 without considering sinks were lower for about 19% than in the base year. Slovenia has exceeded the goal for about 3% by imposing the maximum level of allowed sinks. In 2014, the Slovenian GHG emissions declined sharply and were 9.5% lower than in 2013. Therefore, Slovenia is on track to achieve the EU goal, as non-ETS GHG emissions in 2014 were about 15.3% lower than allocated emissions for 2014.

Temperature in Slovenia increases faster than global average. Increase in the annual average temperature is most evident in last three decades. Trends in annual precipitation are not as obvious as temperature trends, changes between years and regions are significant. Warming of atmosphere will continue according to the climate change projections. Annual precipitation will not change significantly while changes in seasonal precipitation will be noticeable. We shall be worried especially about summer conditions, because less precipitation and higher temperature might result in more frequent droughts.

From the year 1982 onwards the shrinking of the glacier was more intense. Due to intensive thinning the extent of outcoropping rocks increased so much that the glacier disintegrated into several parts. In the first decade of the 21st century we can observe stagnation of the glacier. Last major recession of the glacier was registered after the above average hot summer of 2003. In most of the following years the snow on the glacier had not melted by the beginning of the next accumulation season.
Annual growing season has lengthened throughout most of central and southern Spain, central Italy, Atlantic coast, British Isles, Denmark and Central Europe (also in Slovenia). Projections of the growing season point out further increase all over the Europe, mainly because of an earlier start in the spring growing season and its subsequent end in autumn. Lengthening of the annual growing season will northward expansion of warm-season crops.

Temperature observations show increasing trend of maximum and minimum absolute temperature in between 1961 and 2015, reflecting a global warming. Number of hot days is increasing, including the frequency of extreme hot days with daily maximum temperature above 35 °C. Number of days with temperature below zero show a decline. Apart from temperatures, another climate change related concern is the change in the precipitation regimes between regions and individual seasons. In last two decades Slovenia was faced with catastrophic droughts and abundant precipitation resulting in floods, sometimes drought and floods occurring even within the same year.