Recycling of municipal waste is increasing in Slovenia. In 2012 almost 40 percent of municipal waste was recycled. Disposal of waste declined over the years, 42 per cent of municipal waste was landfilled in 2012. Incineration remains minimal, slightly more than one percent.
In 2008, the trend of reducing annual quantities of deposited waste continued both in landfills of public infrastructure and in landfills operated by the industry. In 2008, 835.3 of waste were deposited on landfills of public infrastructure and 207.8 thousand tonnes were deposited on landfills operated by the industry.
The quantities of hazardous waste are increasing. Because of the contained environmentally dangerous substances hazardous waste has to be collected, recovered or deposited separate from other waste. In 2008, the quantity of generated hazardous waste increased by 47% compared to 2007 and amounted to 143,000 tonnes. The reason for such increase was hazardous waste and soils from the site restoration of tar disposal landfill in Pesnica and construction waste (containing asbestos) after heavy thunderstorms. 47 % of hazardous waste was recovered and 53% deposited.
Import of waste to Slovenia has been rather stable in recent years, mainly provided for the needs of a recovery facility processing waste lead accumulators. In 2007, about 27 thousand tonnes of waste were imported. Export has been rapidly increasing in recent years, nearly fourfold since 2004. In 2007, about 70 thousand tonnes of waste were exported, mainly to Austria and Germany.
Since 2004, the share of collected waste oils in relation to the quantity of oils sold grew from 15% to 30% in 2007, which is the target figure. In recent years, the share of recovered or incinerated waste oils compared to deposited oils is also increasing, which shows that this waste is used as additional energy-generating product. According to 2004 data, 4145 tonnes of waste oils were recovered, and 134 tonnes deposited.
p>The exploitation of natural resources produced or extracted in Slovenia, showed un upward trend until 2007, when it began to decline. In 2014 again increased (27 mio tonnes). From domestic extraction (24,6 million tonnes), the use of biomass and mineral sources slightly increased (17 and 26 % more), whereas extraction of fossil fuel decreased. Imports and exports incerased.
In the 2002-2008 period, the quantity of generated waste increased by 55%. In 2008, 42% of waste was deposited, and 58% recovered. Our greatest concern is municipal waste management, as more than 70% of that waste is still deposited. Despite the increased quantity of recovered waste in recent years and the registered decline in deposited quantities, we still remain far behind more developed EU Member States.
The collected quantities of health-care waste increased after the adoption of the regulation governing this waste. Collected quantities of waste medicines are also expected to increase, since collection in pharmacies was introduced at the end of 2009.
The majority of waste edible oil is exported to other EU Member States for recycling into biodiesel. According to the official records of the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, there is no industrial biodiesel production from waste edible oils in Slovenia.
Collected quantities of organic kitchen waste more than doubled after the implementation of the regulation, but its management has so far failed to achieve the set objectives. Deficiencies are particularly evident in composting. About 3,000 tonnes of such waste were composted in 2007, but so far only one entity obtained the environmental permit required for this activity.
In the upcoming years our primary objective is to implement and maintain an effective system of managing waste batteries and accumulators.
The amount of packaging waste has stabilized in the last years about 100 kg per capita per year. In 2014, a resident of Slovenia produced 102 kg of packaging waste, which is a few kilos more than in the last four years.
Recovery of packaging waste has been increasing and in 2014 stood at 88%. Recycling is also increasing and in 2014 it reached 70%. Slovenia has reached the target of the EU- by the end of 2012 at least 55% of the total recycling of packaging waste.
We recover only half of construction waste, while the need for natural mineral resources is growing.
The quantity of end-of-life tyres collected for recovery increased dramatically when producer liability was introduced. Arround 16,000 tonnes of end-of-life tyres is produced, which is about 8kg per capita. In 2015, 65% of end-of-life-tyres have been recovered through material recovery and 35% through energy recovery.
The number of end-of-life motor vehicles is increasing in line with the increasing number of newly registered vehicles. End-of-life motor vehicles qualify as hazardous waste due to the substances they contain. The system of decompositions was established in 2004, but less end-of-life vehicles than expected have been included. The target rates of 80% of reuse and recycling, and 85% of reuse and recovery were achieved. Nevertheless, coverage of ELVs is lower than expected.
The quantities of waste generated from production and service activities increased by 60% in the period from 2002 to and including 2008. In 2008, Slovenia generated 6.11 million tonnes. In the period 2002-2008, the quantity of recovered waste increased by 60 %, but in 2008 we still deposited 23% of this waste, i.e. 1.19 million tonnes.
Material productivity in Slovenia it is very affected by construction activity. Consumption of non-metallic mineral resources has a major impact primarily due to the weight of these products. It was the lowest in 2007, and then due to a decline in construction activity it began to rise. In 2014 it was 1, 34 EUR/kg. However, it is still below the EU average (1,98 EUR/kg).
Asbestos (six natural minerals with fibrous) becomes dangerous when the material is worn, damaged, or by removing. Asbestos was widely used in construction and industry until 2003, when Slovenia banned its production. In Slovenia 163,455 tons of waste containing asbestos was generated in the period from 2005 to 2015. The majority (99.5%) presents construction materials. Most of waste containing asbestos derives from households (82%). Since the asbestos estimating life time is 30-40 years, the generation of waste containing asbestos is still expected in the future, but in increasingly smaller quantities.