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In 2022, agricultural land covered 18.8% of nature protection areas of various types in Slovenia. 26.3% of all agricultural land is included in nature protection areas. In the past, agriculture in Slovenia has contributed to high diversity of species and habitats and played a key role in the shaping of cultural landscape. Creation of protected areas is only the first step towards the preservation of traditional agricultural habitats; these habitats will only be preserved if the farmers have an economic interest in maintaining them.


In 2022, agricultural land covered 18.8% of nature protection areas of various types in Slovenia. 26.3% of all agricultural land is included in nature protection areas. In the past, agriculture in Slovenia has contributed to high diversity of species and habitats and played a key role in the shaping of cultural landscape. Creation of protected areas is only the first step towards the preservation of traditional agricultural habitats; these habitats will only be preserved if the farmers have an economic interest in maintaining them.

 


Charts

Figure KM06-1: Share of land use types in nature protected areas (including Natura 2000 and other nature protection areas) in Slovenia in 2022
Sources:

Source: EARS, 2022; Land use - MAFF, 2022; calculations by AIS

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Agricultural land[ha] Overgrowing of cultivated land[ha] Forest[ha] Built-up land and similar[ha] Various open land[ha] Waters[ha] Other[ha] Agricultural land[%] Overgrowing of cultivated land[%] Forest[%] Built-up land and similar[%] Various open land[%] Waters[%] Other[%]
2022 153852.58 10824.33 571646.50 16463.57 29209.41 8365.45 28642.43 18.79 1.32 69.80 2.01 3.57 1.02 3.50
Figure KM06-2: Share of protected agricultural land in total agricultural land in Slovenia by various types of protected areas
Sources:

Source: EARS, 2022; Land use - MAFF, 2022; calcualtions by AIS

Show data
The area of agricultural land in protected areas[ha] Share of of protected agricultural land from the total agricultural land in Slovenia[%]
Protected areas 68329.61 11.69
Natura 2000 139230.22 23.82
Areas under protection 153852.58 26.32

Goals

  • To maintain a favourable state of agricultural habitat types. In other words, the goal is to preserve traditional and/or organic farming in Natura 2000 areas in order to preserve plant and animal species and habitat types.

 


Nature protection areas include those within the Natura 2000 network and those under protection (national parks, regional parks, landscape parks, strict nature reserves, nature reserves and natural monuments). A large percentage of protected areas in relation to territory is a consequence of unfavourable conditions for agriculture, the great natural diversity of Slovenia and relatively environmentally friendly land use, which is reflected in large forest cover, mosaic distribution of agricultural habitats and a large share of meadows and pastures in the agricultural land structure. In 2022, the surface area of agricultural land within protected areas was 153,853 hectares, which is almost 2000 ha more than in 2011. On the national level, the share of agricultural land included in various types of protection is currently 26.3%. In 2022, agricultural land covered 18.8% of nature protection areas, which were mostly covered by forest (69.8%). Semi-natural habitats have an important role in the Habitats Directive. These are agricultural habitats that were created over the past centuries by traditional farming or from the impacts of agricultural land use on the environment. It enabled the development and existence of semi-natural plant and consequently animal communities, thus contributing to greater biodiversity. For example, such habitats can be found on dry karst plateaus where regular mowing once per year prevents the land from becoming overgrown by shrubs and trees and supports biologically diverse meadow communities. Recently, the existence of such habitats has been threatened by the expansion of natural vegetation and urbanisation. Traditional or organic methods of farming are thus a condition for the preservation of such meadows. In Slovenia, semi-natural habitats interspersed with other land under cultivation largely create a unique cultural landscape. As a map of habitat types has not yet been fully prepared for Slovenia and since it is a very important (basic) sub-indicator, a comprehensive, overview and mapping of agricultural habitats of special importance should be carried out.

 

 

 


Methodology

Date of data source summarization

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