KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Bad

In 2019, over three quarters of households surveyed in Slovenia considered climate change a very serious problem. Between 2008 and 2019, the share of these households in Slovenia decreased by 13 percentage points. There has also been a negative trend in agreeing with statements, such as "Human activity contributes most to climate change" or "Climate action must be taken immediately". According to the surveyed households, the major source of the greenhouse gases in Slovenia are industry and transport.

Good

Results of the REUS 2019 survey show that the car represents the main mode of transportation both in people's city of residence and outside the city. The share of surveyed households that walk or cycle in addition to driving a car and using public transport increased significantly compared to the period 2010–2017. Choice of transport does not depend on the time of year. During the summer season, the bicycle is an additional mode of transport to work for just under one-third of respondents.

Bad

Between 1980 and 2019, extreme events related to climate change in the EEA Member States resulted in an economic loss of EUR 446 billion. Climate extremes are becoming more common. Without further action, even greater economic damage is expected in the future. It is also increasing in Slovenia. The difference between the period 1980-2015 and 1980-2019 is as much as € 0.35 million. With a purpose of adaptation, the EU has adopted a climate strategy aimed at building resilience and ensuring that Europe is well prepared to manage risks and adapt to the effects of climate change.

Bad

Temperature in Slovenia is increasing faster than global average. Increase in the annual average temperature is most evident in the last three decades. Warming of the atmosphere will continue according to the climate change projections. The result of warming is an increase in sea level (due to melting of glaciers and thermal expansion), increase in level of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (contributes to warming), and many extreme weather and climate events (like floods, droughts, hail and heavy wind), which will influence the quality of our lives.

Bad

The quick rate of retreat of the Triglav Glacier, which began in the second half of the 20thcentury, further accelerated till the beginning of the 21st century. Due to increasing intensity of ice thinning, outcropping rocks began to emerge in the middle of the glacier, which disintegrated into two parts in 1992. In the last part of the first decade of the 21st century, the glacier has been retreating at a slower rate. The last major recession of the glacier was registered after the above average hot summer of 2003.

Neutral

Annual growing season length is increasing almost everywhere in Europe, mostly in Eastern and Northern part. In Slovenia, the length of the annual growing season is increasing, especially since mid-1990s. According to projections, duration of the annual growing season throughout Europe will increase in future.

Bad

Temperature observations show increasing trend of maximum and minimum absolute temperature in between 1961 and 2020, reflecting a global warming. Number of hot days is increasing, including the frequency of extreme hot days with daily maximum temperature above 35 °C. Number of days with temperature below zero show a decline.

Bad

Trends in annual precipitation are not as obvious as temperature trends. Changes between years and regions are significant. According to the climate change projections, annual precipitation will slightly increase while changes in seasonal precipitation will be noticeable. The most worrying are summer conditions, because less precipitation and higher temperature might result in higher frequency of droughts. In winter, more precipitation may lead to an increase in flooding events.

Bad

Precipitation is highly variable in space and time, even more than temperature (storms and hail). In the last two decades, Slovenia is observing catastrophic droughts and abundant precipitation resulting in floods, sometimes drought and floods occur even within the same year. The maximum snow cover depth and the depth of fresh snow decreased in the period 1961-2011

Neutral

Comparison of periods 1961-1990 and 1991-2020 on the chosen representative stations around Slovenia shows decrease of heating degree days by around 10 % and multiple increase of cooling degree days. With projected continuous temperature raise until the end of 21st century, those trends are expected to continue. Thus, in Slovenia, energy demand for cooling will increase in the warmer period of the year, while the energy demand for heating will decrease in colder period of the year. Same trend is projected for Europe in general.


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