KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

The number of inhabitants who live in the impact area of major roads outside urban areas has decreased. In 2017, around 16,000 fewer inhabitants were exposed to high noise levels throughout the day and during the night compared to 2012. In urban areas, the number of inhabitants who are exposed to road traffic noise has not decreased. The number of inhabitants who are exposed to high noise levels throughout the day has remained at the same level as in 2012 and is estimated at 64,000.

Good

The number of inhabitants who are exposed to traffic noise along major roads outside urban areas is gradually decreasing. In 2017, around 16,000 fewer inhabitants were exposed to high road traffic noise levels throughout the day compared to 2012. There is an important difference between inhabitants who live in the impact area of major motorways and highways, and inhabitants who live in the impact area of major main and regional roads.

Neutral

The number of inhabitants who live in the impact area of major railways outside urban areas and are exposed to rail traffic noise has not changed significantly in the past years. In 2017, around 7,000 inhabitants were exposed to high noise levels throughout the day and around 10,700 inhabitants during the night. Between 2012 and 2017, the number of inhabitants who are exposed to high rail traffic noise did not decrease.

Neutral

In the last decade, droughts have been slightly less intense than in the previous decade, and it is worrying that they occur most often during the growing season. Especially in the first trimester, we observe a decrease in the frequency and intensity of hydrological drought. In the period 1961–2019, the year 2003 stands out in terms of drought, which was dry in all quarters of the year. After 2000, the years 2007 and 2011 were more markedly dry.

Bad

Frequency and intensity of groundwater droughts is increasing in recent decades. 7 out of 10 years with highest annual intensity of phenomenon is classified in the period after year 2000. The highest intensity of groundwater drought was recorded in years 2012, 2002 and 2003. Regarding the duration of groundwater drought the period between years 2002 and 2004 stands out. Extreme groundwater drought most frequently occur in winter and spring while severe drought is most commonly observed in spring and summer.

Bad

Soil drought has a key impact on plant development and consequently on various industries (forestry, agriculture, …) . Indicators of the number of drought days and the duration of drought periods in individual years show an increase especially after 1990. Similarly, the analysis of the impact of the climate change up to 2100 shows that soil water deficits will increase in the future. The number and the duration of the droughts will increase.

Neutral

In 2019, drinking water monitoring was carried out in supply zones (water supply systems) that supply 50 or more persons (93% of the population). Large and medium supply zones that supply more than 1,000 (85%) of the population, generally have adequate drinking water quality. The smallest supply zones that supply 50-500 people are the least regulated, in comparison to larger due to the fecal contamination, as some with surface and karst water resources.

Neutral

In Europe 12.9 % infants die due to respiratory diseases. In 2018 and 2019 in Slovenia no newborns died due to respiratory diseases (NIJZ, 2020). Studies have shown a very complicated link between level of air pollution and infant mortality due to respiratory diseases, mainly due to various external factors (allergens, cigarette smoke, diet, lifestyle, etc.).

Neutral

Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children and one of the major causes of hospitalization to the age of fifteen. In 2014, the share of people reporting asthma was 5.9 for the EU-28, and for Slovenia it was 5.  In 2019, the highest number of hospital admissions of children with asthma was in Ljubljana and Maribor. Children admitted to the hospital for asthma in 2019 were mostly 5 to 9 years old. As more and more people are sensitive to allergens, allergic diseases may increase in the Europe in the coming years.

Bad

In Slovenia 47% of children were exposed to concentrations of 21-30 µg PM10/m3, and 53% to concentrations of 31-40 µg/m3. In Europe, most children live in an environment where PM10 concentrations are below 30 µg/m3. It is a worrying fact that in Slovenia in 2018 about 2% of children were exposed to concentrations between 31 and 40 PM10/m3, and in 2019 as much as 53%.


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