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Key message
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The favorable conservation status of habitat types in Slovenia is reached by just over a third of Europe's important habitat types.In order to achieve the objectives of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, it is necessary to follow the guidelines of the Regulation on Special Conservation Areas (Natura 2000 sites) more rigorously and to implement the Natura 2000 management program. This is especially important for areas with freshwater, wetland, wetland and grassland habitat types.


This indicator follows the conservation status of habitat types of European interest. These include the habitat types from the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC), as listed in Annex I. The indicator is used to assess whether:

  • natural ranges and surface areas covered by habitat types in those areas are stable or are not being reduced;
  • special structures and functions required for their long-term conservation are in place and are likely to exist in the future;
  • the conservation status of their characteristic species is favourable.

The conservation status of habitat types is thus used to measure impacts on individual habitat types and their characteristic species.

 


Charts

Figure NB12-1: Conservation status of habitats by biogeographical region, 2008, 2013 and 2019
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the periods 2004 – 2006, 2007 - 2012 and 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2013, 2020

Show data

Favourable[share]

Unknown[share]

Unfavourable - inadequate[share]

Unfavourable - bad[share]

2008 - Alpine (45)

55.56

0

26.67

17.78

2013 - Alpine (45)

46.67

0

28.89

24.44

2019 - Alpine (45)

42.22

0

28.89

28.89

2008 - Continental (44)

34.09

0

40.91

25

2013 - Continental (44)

38.64

2.27

27.27

31.82

2019 - Continental (44)

34.09

0

34.09

31.82

Figure NB12-2: Conservation status of habitats by main type of habitats for 2008, 2013 and 2019 (combined for Alpine and Continental biogeographical region)
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the periods 2004 – 2006, 2007 - 2012 and 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2013, 2020

Show data

Favourable[number]

Unknown[number]

Unfavourable - inadequate[number]

Unfavourable - bad[number]

2019 - Rocky habitats (7)

57.14

0

28.57

14.29

2013 - Rocky habitats (7)

71.43

0

14.29

14.29

2008 - Rocky habitats (7)

57.14

0

28.57

14.29

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Forest (11)

18.18

0

63.64

18.18

2013 - Forest (11)

27.27

0

54.55

18.18

2008 - Forest (11)

72.73

0

9.09

18.18

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Sclerophyllous scrub & heath (3)

100

0

0

0

2013 - Sclerophyllous scrub & heath (3)

100

0

0

0

2008 - Sclerophyllous scrub & heath (3)

100

0

0

0

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Grasslands (11)

27.27

0

27.27

45.45

2013 - Grasslands (11)

27.27

0

27.27

45.45

2008 - Grasslands (11)

27.27

0

36.36

36.36

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Bogs, mires & fens (6)

0

0

66.67

33.33

2013 - Bogs, mires & fens (6)

16.67

0

50

33.33

2008 - Bogs, mires & fens (6)

0

0

83.33

16.67

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Freshwater habitats (10)

8.33

0

8.33

83.33

2013 - Freshwater habitats (10)

10

0

10

80

2008 - Freshwater habitats (10)

10

0

50

40

_

0

0

0

0

2019 - Coastal habitats (12)

75

0

25

0

2013 - Coastal habitats (12)

83.33

8.33

8.33

0

2008 - Coastal habitats (13)

58.33

0

41.67

0

Figure NB12-3: Recorded pressures and threats to habitat types of European interest in Slovenia, 2019
Sources: 

 Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the period 2013-2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Actual pressures[%]

Future threats[%]

A - Agriculture

36.19

37.66

B - Forestry

5.40

5.06

C - Extraction of resources

3.81

3.80

D - Energy production processes

2.22

1.90

E - Transport systems

2.54

2.22

F - Residential, commercial, industrial and recreational infrastructure and areas

23.49

22.47

G - Extraction and cultivation of biological living resources

3.17

2.85

H - Military action and public safety measures

0.63

0.63

I - Alien and problematic species

5.08

5.06

J - Pollution

0.63

0

K - Human-induced changes in water regimes

2.86

3.16

L - Natural processes

6.67

6.96

M - Geological events, natural catastrophes

1.90

2.53

N - Climate change

3.17

3.16

X - Unknown pressures / no pressures

2.22

2.53

Figure NB12-4: Comparison of the conservation status of habitats in Slovenia and Europe, 2013 and 2019
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the period 2004 – 2006 and 2007 - 2012, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2013;State of nature in the EU – results from reporting under the nature directives 2007-2012 and 2013-2018. EEA Technical report No 2/2015 and 2019.

Show data

Slovenia-2008[%]

EU25-2008[%]

Slovenia[%]

EU27-2013[%]

Slovenia - 2019[%]

EU28 - 2019[%]

Favourable

43

17

43

16

38

16

Unfavourable - inadequate

35

28

28

47

31

51

Unfavourable - bad

22

37

28

30

31

31

Unknown

0

18

1

7

0

2


Goals

Main goal (Strategy – Slovenia)

·         To maintain a favourable status of habitat types.

Goals by habitat type

Coastal and marine habitat types:

·         to reduce water pollution to a level that is non-biologically threatening to exceptionally diverse or well preserved habitat types and habitats of threatened or endemic species;

·         to restore degraded habitat types to favourable status, wherever possible;

·         to prevent the introduction of non-indigenous species.

Inland waters, bogs, mires and fens:

·         to conserve the favourable status of existing ecologically important wetlands and habitat and to restore the ecological integrity of degraded inland waters, bogs and fens, and marshes, where feasible;

·         to use an integrated approach to water management;

·         To raise water quality, mostly by reducing water pollution to a level not biologically threatening towards exceptionally diverse or well preserved habitat types and habitats of threatened or endemic species;

·         to prevent the introduction of non-indigenous species;

·         to encourage land use practices that maintain the water cycle and are important for the conservation of biodiversity;

·         to adjust land use to natural water regimes.

Habitat types in the agricultural landscape:

·         to maintain the current extent of wet and dry grasslands, meadow orchards and hedges.

Forest habitat types:

·         to maintain the favourable status of forest habitat types and to expand areas that have favourable status.

Subterranean habitat types:

·         to maintain their favourable status and the favourable status of all subterranean fauna.

 

Goals (Strategy – EU)

To halt the deterioration of all habitats covered by EU nature protection legislation and to achieve significant and measurable improvement to their status so that by 2020, 100% more habitat assessments conducted in accordance with the Habitats Directive will have reach favourable conservation status or show improvement compared to the present assessments. (Strategy – EU)



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