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The conservation status of species in Slovenia indicates that only 30% of species have a favorable status. Furthermore, also the trends are unfavourable. In the years 2013-2018, the proportion of species with favorable conservation status remained stable according to the previous reporting period, while the proportion of species with poor conservation status has increased. As many as one third of Europe's important bird species have a negative or uncertain short-term trend. In order to achieve the objectives of the EU Biodiversity Strategy, it is necessary to follow the guidelines of the Regulation on Special Conservation Areas (Natura 2000 sites) more rigorously and to implement the Natura 2000 management program. This is especially important for arthropod species and other species related to aquatic, marshy, marshy and grassland habitats.


This indicator follows the conservation status of species of European interest. These include the species from the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC), as listed in Annexes II, IV and V. The indicator is used to assess whether:

  • the data on the population dynamics of a certain species indicate that it is capable of maintaining itself on a long-term basis on its own in its natural habitat;
  • the natural range of a certain species is not being reduced nor is it likely to be reduced in the future;
  • a large enough habitat exists (and will continue to exist) for the long-term conservation of populations of a certain species.

The conservation status of a species is thus used to measure impacts on an individual species, which can have a long-term effect on the size and distribution of its populations.


Charts

Figure NB11-1: Conservation status of species by biogeographical region
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the periods 2004 – 2006, 2007 - 2012 and 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Favourable[number]

Unknown[number]

Unfavourable - inadequate[number]

Unfavourable - bad[number]

Favourable[share]

Unknown[share]

Unfavourable - inadequate[share]

Unfavourable - bad[share]

2008 - Alpine

35

33

72

12

23.03

21.71

47.37

7.89

2013 - Alpine

44

31

59

13

29.93

21.09

40.14

8.84

2019 - Alpine

47

26

42

14

31

17

42

10

2008 - Continental

33

35

93

22

18.03

19.13

50.82

12.02

2013 - Continental

50

34

72

21

28.25

19.21

40.68

11.86

2019 - Continental

52

33

66

33

28

18

36

18

Figure NB11-2: Conservation status of species by taxonomic group, 2008, 2013 and 2019 (combined for Alpine and Continental biogeographical region and marine Mediterranean region)
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the periods 2004 – 2006, 2007 - 2012 and 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Favourable

Unfavourable - inadequate

Unfavourable - bad

Unknown

2008 - Others (2)

0

100

0

0

2013 - Others (2)

0

0

0

100

2019 - Others (2)

0

50

0

50

_

2008 - Non-vascular plants (6)

0

33.33

16.67

50

2013 - Non-vascular plants (6)

0

33.33

16.67

50

2019 - Non-vascular plants (6)

0

50

0

50

_

2008 - Vascular plants (39)

48.72

33.33

12.82

5.13

2013 - Vascular plants (33)

54.55

27.27

18.18

0

2019 - Vascular plants (35)

54.29

28.57

17.14

0

_

2008 - Mollusca (11)

18.18

36.36

9.09

36.36

2013 - Mollusca (11)

36.36

9.09

9.09

45.45

2019 - Mollusca (11)

27.27

18.18

9.09

45.45

_

2008 - Arthropods (40)

12.50

50

25

12.50

2013 - Anthropods (43)

11.63

51.16

25.58

11.63

2019 - Anthropods (39)

12.82

43.59

28.21

15.38

_

2008 - Fish (29)

0

89.66

6.90

3.45

2013 - Fish (28)

39.29

53.57

0

7.14

2019 - Fish (33)

36.36

21.21

18.18

24.24

_

2008 - Amphibians (15)

0

86.67

0

13.33

2013 - Amphibians (15)

0

80

6.67

13.33

2019 - Amphibians (16)

0

62.50

25

12.50

_

2008 - Reptiles (17)

11.76

52.94

29.41

5.88

2013 - Reptiles (17)

35.29

35.29

5.88

23.53

2019 - Reptiles (18)

44.44

38.89

0

16.67

_

2008 - Mammals (43)

30.23

20.93

2.33

46.51

2013 - Mammals 43)

23.26

27.91

11.63

37.21

2019 - Mammals 45)

26.67

40

15.56

17.78

Figure NB11-3: Recorded pressures and threats faced by the major species in Slovenia
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the period 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Future threats

Actual pressures

A - Agriculture

23.26

27.50

B - Forestry

11.17

9.75

C - Extraction of resources

2.14

1.77

D - Energy production processes

1.53

1.38

E - Transport systems

3.21

3.38

F - Residential, commercial, industrial and recreational infrastructure and areas

18.82

18.13

G - Extraction and cultivation of biological living resources

6.66

6.45

H - Military action and public safety measures

0.31

0.38

I - Alien and problematic species

4.82

2.00

J - Pollution

2.83

3.30

K - Human-induced changes in water regimes

14.08

14.90

L - Natural processes

3.75

3.30

M - Geological events, natural catastrophes

0.77

0.54

N - Climate change

3.14

2.53

X - Unknown pressures / no pressures

3.52

4.69

Figure NB11-4: Comparison of the conservation status of species in Slovenia and Europe, 2013, and 2019
Sources: 

Reports under Article 17 on the conservation status of habitats and species under the Habitats Directive for the periods 2004 – 2006,  2007 - 2012 and 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Slovenia-2008[%]

EU25-2008[%]

Slovenia 2013[%]

EU - 27 2013[%]

Slovenia 2019[%]

EU - 27 2019[%]

Favourable

20

17

27

16

29

27

Unfavourable - inadequate

49

30

40

47

36

53

Unfavourable - bad

12

22

13

30

17

16

Unknown

19

31

20

7

18

8

Figure NB11-5: Short-term and long-term trend of bird species of European interest in Slovenia
Sources: 

Reports under Article 12 on the conservation status of birds under the Bird Directive for the period 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Increasing[share]

Stable[share]

Unknown[share]

Fluctuating[share]

Decreasing[share]

Uncertain[share]

Increasing[number]

Stable[number]

Unknown[number]

Fluctuating[number]

Decreasing[number]

Uncertain[number]

Short-term trend 2008 - 2018

16.61

16.97

30.63

1.85

21.40

12.55

45

46

83

5

58

34

Long-term trend 1980 - 2018

18.08

6.64

56.46

0.74

17.71

0.37

49

18

153

2

48

1

Figure NB11-6: Short-term and long-term trend of breeding and wintering taxa of bird species birds of European interest
Sources: 

Reports under Article 12 on the conservation status of birds under the Bird Directive for the period 2013 - 2018, Ministry of the Environmet and Spatial planning, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, 2020

Show data

Increasing[share]

Stable[share]

Unknown[share]

Fluctuating[share]

Decreasing[share]

Uncertain[share]

Breeding taxa - short-term trend

34

40

67

5

40

24

Breeding taxa - long-term trend

32

7

138

2

30

1

Wintering taxa - short-term trend

10

6

10

0

14

8

Wintering taxa - long-term trend

15

11

4

0

18

0


Goals

  • To maintain a favourable status of all autochthonous animal and plant species (Strategy – SI);
  • To halt the deterioration of the status of all species covered by EU nature protection legislation and to achieve a significant and measurable improvement of their status so that by 2020, 50% or more species assessments conducted in accordance with the Habitats Directive have reached a favourable conservation status or shown a significant improvement in their status compared to the present assessments. (Strategy – EU)


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