KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

The population trend of selected bird species is a good indicator of the long-term state of the environment. Trends in populations of selected bird species show that the state of the environment in the cultural landscape is deteriorating, while the situation in wetlands over the past few years has not changed. There is a slight decline in the populations of selected forest bird species. In recent years, populations of birds wintering along Slovenian rivers and other bodies of water are also stable. Minor fluctuations are part of natural population changes.

Neutral

Despite the country’s small surface area, species diversity in Slovenia is extremely high. The abundance among numerous plant and animal species is decreasing, with some species becoming endangered with the possibility of extinction. For example, more than four fifths of all known amphibians and reptiles in Slovenia, as well as almost half of all mammals (this represents 41 species) are on the Red List of Threatened Species.

Good

The state of wildlife in Slovenia is favourable; larger epidemics have not been identified. The number of herbivorous ungulates as well as wild boars has decreased. An increase in wildlife losses due to road kill raises concerns. The total amount of damage caused by wildlife has decreased.

Wildlife management includes all animal and plant species. Regulation of wildlife populations is based on game management plans that are submitted for adoption to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food by the Slovenia Forest Service in accordance with a prescribed procedure.

Neutral

Slovenia has some of the greatest subterranean biodiversity in the world. The aquatic fauna, with its 200 species, is by far the richest, while the terrestrial fauna, with 150 species, is second only to the more southern areas of the Dinaric karst. Five Slovenian cave systems have been listed among the 20 richest cave systems in the world. The Postojna-Planina Cave System, with its 50 aquatic and 35 terrestrial species is by far the most abundant. The Cave Protection Act protects the subterranean environment as a whole.

Neutral

The diversity of plant species in western Slovenia (most of the Alpine region, Slovenian submediterranean region with Kras and part of Istria) with 800 or more taxa within approximately 140 km2 (basic field of four quadrants) is considerably higher than in the central and eastern parts of Slovenia.

Neutral

The population of brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Slovenia forms part of the larger population in the Alps – the Dinaric Alps (Dinarides) and the Pindus Mountains. It is one of the largest populations of brown bear in Europe. The number of bears in this population is estimated at 2,100–2,500. The state of the population in Slovenia has been monitored by the Slovenia Forest Service since 1995 and is deemed to be favourable.

Bad

In 2015, 754 loss events were considered. For 657 loss events, compensation in the amount of €300,194.74 was fully or partially granted. Compensation may be claimed for damage caused by 20 protected animal species. The most common perpetrators of harm are large carnivores. Damage is often caused to sheep and goats and most incidents happen in the period from July to October.

Bad

The share of present invasive species in the last decade shows an increasing trend. An increase in the share of invasive species is evident along the great rivers Sava, Mura and Drava, as well as along the Kolpa. In higher areas of Slovenia, particularly in the Alps and the Dinaric region, invasive species are very few or entirely absent. However, a notable increase in their share along the western border of the Dinaric region raises concerns.

Neutral

The population of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Slovenian territorial waters is part of a larger population living in the northern Adriatic Sea. The state of the Slovenian population is being monitored by the Morigenos  – the Slovenian Marine Mammal Society. Throughout the year, Slovenian waters regularly host 40–100 bottlenose dolphins. Despite considerable temporal variability in density and frequence of appearance in Slovenian waters, the population trend seems to be negative and the estimated number of animals has been slightly decreasing over the years.

Bad

The conservation status of species in Slovenia shows that only about a quarter of species’ show a favourable status. Furthermore, the trends are unfavourable. Even though the proportion of species showing a favourable conservation status increased in the period 2008–2012, the proportion of species showing a poor conservation status also increased. In order to achieve the objectives of the strategy, its guidelines must be consistently taken into account, while the adopted programmes and management plans of protected areas must be implemented.