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In 2018, more than half of Slovenia's land area was covered by forests (56% or 58% including shrubland), while other mostly natural vegetation accounted for 3%. Farmland occupied 34% of land area, while slightly less than 4% was artificial land, and less than 1% was water. In the periods 1996–2000, 2000–2006 and 2006–2012, land cover and land use changes were relatively small (they occurred on 0.12%, 0.13% and 0.09% of the entire territory, respectively). In the latest period 2012–2018 land cover and land use changes slightly increase (they occurred on 0,44 % ot the entire territory).


In 2017, we recorded 1,081 functionally degraded areas (FDAs) in Slovenia in a total area of 3422.7ha, with a prevalence of areas of industrial and craft activities. The average size of an individual FDA was 3.2 ha.

In addition to the goal of preventing the emergence of new FDAs and reducing the extent of degraded areas, their environmental remediation and renewal remains the key goal, and in the long-term the establishment of a spatial development system that will aim to “no net land take” (zero-sealing of agricultural and forest land).


Over the period 2008–2012, the area of built-up land, representing 5.4% of land use in Slovenia, increased. The percentage of built-up land is distinctly higher in the Central Slovenia and Podravje statistical regions. The existing data sources do not allow a precise quantitative evaluation of the process of land conversion to urban/residential/industrial use.


Water protection areas (WPA) comprise approximately 17% of the territory of Slovenia. Going by land use in these areas, forest (61.1%) prevails, followed by grassland (13.6%) and arable fields (10.9%). Ecologically farmed land represents only 1.7% of total WPAs and 6.04% of agricultural land on WPAs, with grassland representing the largest share at 79.6%.