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The value of agricultural output in Slovenia fluctuates in the period 1995–2020, which can be a consequence of fluctuation of changes in prices of agricultural products, changes in the volume of agricultural production or changes in both. In last couple of years, the key factor is the physical volume of production, which fluctuates markedly due to changing natural (weather) conditions. Similarly, the value of agricultural output, calculated per capita, fluctuates in the analyzed period, with long-term downward trend. Compared to 1995, the value of agricultural output per capita in 2020 decreased by 17%. Slovenia belongs to the lower third of EU–27 member state countries, and reaches around 71% of the European average for the period 2005–2020.


The indicator presents the value of agricultural output per capita in Slovenia in the period 1995–2020, In general, the value of agricultural output is influenced by the changes in prices of agricultural products, by the physical volume of production or a combination of both. Prices of agricultural products in Slovenia are strongly influenced by the prices in the markets in the region, whereas the physical volume of production fluctuates mainly due to the changing natural (weather) conditions. Value of the indicator is foremost in monitoring and simple comparison of year-to-year changes over a longer period of time, because the value of production is expressed in chain linked volumes in constant prices of selected reference year. A comparison with the other member states of the European Union (EU) and United Kingdom is also given for the period 2005–2020.


Charts

Figure KM28-1: Value of agricultural output in basic prices and population; Slovenia, 1995–2020
Sources: 

Eurostat, 2021; SORS, 2021; calculations by AIS

Show data

Value of agricultural output in basic prices (constant prices 2015=100, current exchange rate) [million EUR]

Value of agricultural output in basic prices (current prices 2015=100, current exchange rate) [million EUR]

Population, January 1st[1,000 persons]

1995

1412.14

968.89

1989.48

1996

1463.90

1008.84

1990.27

1997

1450.89

1028.72

1986.99

1998

1354.61

1004

1984.92

1999

1263.92

954.84

1978.33

2000

1304.33

977.55

1987.76

2001

1264.32

976.29

1990.09

2002

1330.73

1066.54

1994.03

2003

1168.96

956.95

1995.03

2004

1304.25

1078.78

1996.43

2005

1260.69

1057.30

1997.59

2006

1232.38

1056.18

2003.36

2007

1248.02

1114.50

2010.38

2008

1248.60

1165.20

2010.27

2009

1088.37

1050.20

2032.36

2010

1153.17

1101.60

2046.98

2011

1272.65

1227.90

2050.19

2012

1179.90

1144.10

2055.50

2013

1170.96

1153.60

2058.82

2014

1229.37

1217.20

2061.09

2015

1269.60

1269.60

2062.87

2016

1197.32

1206.90

2064.19

2017

1125.84

1153

2065.90

2018

1308.93

1370

2066.88

2019

1236.45

1325.20

2080.91

2020

1237.06

1353.32

2095.86

Figure KM28-2: Value of agricultural output per capita in Slovenia in the period 1995–2020 (2015=100; current exchange rate)
Sources: 

Eurostat, 2021; SORS, 2021; calculations by AIS

Show data

Slovenia[EUR/capita]

1995

709.80

1996

735.53

1997

730.20

1998

682.45

1999

638.88

2000

656.18

2001

635.31

2002

667.36

2003

585.93

2004

653.29

2005

631.10

2006

615.16

2007

620.79

2008

621.11

2009

535.52

2010

563.35

2011

620.75

2012

574.02

2013

568.75

2014

596.47

2015

615.45

2016

580.04

2017

544.96

2018

633.29

2019

594.19

2020

590.24

Figure KM28-3: Average value of agricultural output in basic prices per capita in EU–27 member countries for the period 2005–2020 (2010=100, current exchange rate)
Sources: 

Eurostat, 2021

Show data

2005–2020[EUR/capita]

Malta

266.91

Slovaška

385.50

Czechia

434.32

Latvia

490.27

Bulgaria

498.94

Estonia

506.79

Sweden

534.73

Slovenia

567.31

Poland

573.34

Croatia

598.19

Germany

599.60

Luxemburg

628.32

Portugal

632.81

Finland

675.63

Belgium

686.51

Romania

701.67

Austria

708.27

Hungary

727.64

Lithuania

738.87

EU–27

794.31

Italy

801.09

Cyprus

804.69

Spain

936.92

Greece

992.23

France

1039.16

Ireland

1384.22

Netherlands

1477.89

Denmark

1746.58

United Kingdom

365.50


Goals

  • Povečevanje vrednosti kmetijske proizvodnje na prebivalca z doseganjem višjih odkupnih cen kmetijskih pridelkov ter optimalnim fizičnim obsegom kmetijske proizvodnje.
  • Zagotavljati optimalno vrednost kmetijske proizvodnje, ki omogoča stabilno prehransko varnost.

In the analyzed period 1995–2020, the number of inhabitants in Slovenia increased; in 2020 almost two million one hundred thousand people lived in Slovenia, which is 108 thousand more than in 2000 (+ 5%).

In the period 1995–2020, the value of agricultural output at basic prices in Slovenia was on average a little over € 1.1 billion (current prices, current exchange rate), and it fluctuated noticeably, both in nominal and real terms. Compared to 1995, the agricultural output in 2020 decreased by around 12% in real terms.

In general, changes in the value of agricultural output are influenced by changes in prices of agricultural products, changes in the physical volume of production, or a combination of both. Prices of agricultural products in Slovenia are strongly influenced by the prices on the markets of countries in the region, and they are also characterized by a long-term downward trend. The physical volume of production (especially of crop production) fluctuates mainly due to changing natural (weather) conditions, especially in the last few years. The agricultural output was markedly lower in the years 2003, 2013 and 2017 due to the lower physical volume of agricultural output because of the unfavorable weather conditions, while in 2009, 2010 and 2016 the value was lower due to decrease in prices. In terms of value of agricultural output (and also in terms of income), the most favorable year was 2018, when the crop harvests were abundant, especially of fruit and grapes. In 2020, according to SORS estimate (Žaucer, 2021b), the value agricultural output remained at the level of the previous year; the fall in prices was largely mitigated by increase in the physical volume of agricultural production.

For the analysis of the long-term trends, the value of agricultural output is presented in terms of chain linked volumes, at constant prices of the selected reference year (2015). This way the effects of price changes are eliminated (price and quality structure among products/services of specific years is better taken into account); changes in the output value are thus attributed only to volume changes. Tis way, growth rates can be directly compared between selected years. We can conclude that in Slovenia in the analyzed period (1995–2020) the value of agricultural output, calculated per capita, fluctuates, with long-term downward trend. Compared to 1995, the value of agricultural output per capita in 2020 decreased by 17%.

A comparison of the agricultural output (chain linked volumes, in constant prices 2010) per capita with the other EU–27 member state countries and United Kingdom shows considerable diversity among countries. In the period 2005-2020, the highest average values were calculated for Denmark (120% above the European average), the Netherlands and Ireland, and the lowest for Malta (around a third of the European average), Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovenia belongs to the lower third of EU–27 member state countries, and reaches around 71% of the European average for the period 2005–2020.

A similar indicator is calculated by the FAO as part of a package of food security indicators in the dimension of "stability" (“per capita food production variability”), except that it is calculated in different monetary units (international $).


Other sources and literature

European system of accounts — ESA 2010. 2013. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2785/16644                   
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/5925693/KS-02-13-269-EN.PDF.pdf/44cd9d01-bc64-40e5-bd40-d17df0c69334?t=1414781932000 (7. maj 2021)

Travnikar T. (ur.), Bedrač M., Bele S., Brečko J., Hiti A., Kožar M., Moljk B., Zagorc B. 2019. Poročilo o stanju kmetijstva, živilstva, gozdarstva in ribištva v letu 2019. Ljubljana, Kmetijski inštitut Slovenije: 260 str.   
https://www.kis.si/f/docs/Porocila_o_stanju_v_kmetijstvu_OEK/ZP_2019_splosno__priloge_net.pdf (7. maj 2021)

Žaucer I. 2021a. Ekonomski računi za kmetijstvo. Metodološko pojasnilo. Marec 2021.Ljubljana, Statistični urad RS: 13 str.
https://www.stat.si/statweb/File/DocSysFile/7786 (7. maj 2021)

Žaucer I. 2021b. Realni faktorski dohodek na PDM v kmetijstvu v 2020 predvidoma za 6 % višji, kot je bil v 2019. Realni dohodek iz kmetijstva – druga ocena, Slovenija, 2020. Prva objava, 29. januar 2021: 3 str.
http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/prikazi-novico?id=9325 (29. marec 2021)


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