KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

Consumption of plant protection products (PPPs) in Slovenia has decreased by half in the last 28 years, from 2,031 tons in 1992 to 942 tons in 2019. Due to the higher share of permanent crops, fungicides account for more than two thirds of all PPPs used in Slovenia. In 2019, the total consumption of PPPs per unit of arable land and permanent crops was 4.7 kg per hectare, which is the lowest amount in the last 10-year period of monitoring of PPPs consumption.

Neutral

In the period 1992–2019 the consumption of mineral fertilizers in Slovenia was reduced by 35%. In the same period the consumption of plant nutrients (N, P2O5, K2O) per hectare of utilized agricultural area also reduced by 26%. The average consumption per hectare of utilized agricultural area was 61 kg N, 26 kg of P2O5 and 34 kg of K2O. In the period 2010–2017 the average consumption of nitrogen in Slovenia was lower (57 kg N/ha) than in the EU member states (62 kg N/ha).

Good

The area included in the implementation of agri-environmental measures expanded markedly after 1999, covering 254,772 ha (gross) in 2014. The proportion of the area with one or several agri-environmental measures (net area) to the total utilised agricultural area increased from 0.6% in 1999 to 39.2% in 2014. In 2015, agri-environmental measures started to be carried out in accordance with the new programme, on the gross area of 317,458 ha.

Neutral

Intensity of agriculture in Slovenia is moderate, directed mostly at improving labour intensity in agricultural production, i.e. reducing the input of labour per unit of area or product. The number of livestock units (LU) per hectare of utilised agricultural area, as the aggregate indicator of production intensity, is stable; in the 2000–2020 period, the stocking density, like in other EU countries, has slightly decreased.

Neutral

In High Nature Value areas, agriculture can ensure a suitable level of biodiversity by means of appropriate technological solutions. Extensive management methods facilitate conservation of the diversity of species and habitats, thus helping preserve unique landscapes with rich cultural and natural heritage. According to the estimates made in Slovenia on the basis of the CORINE data on land use and data on agricultural land use, between 60% and 80% of all utilised agricultural areas in Slovenia are located in High Nature Value farmland areas.

Good

In 2011, agricultural land covered 19.6% of nature protection areas of various types in Slovenia. 24.9% of all agricultural land is included in nature protection areas. In the past, agriculture in Slovenia has contributed to high diversity of species and habitats and played a key role in the shaping ofcultural landscape. Creation of protected areas is only the first step towards the preservation of traditional agricultural habitats; these habitats will only be preserved if the farmers have an economic interest in maintaining them.

Neutral

Despite the fact that the level of education on Slovenian agricultural holdings has significantly improved in the period 2000-2016, it is still quite unfavourable. Still, more than half of the farmers have only practical experience with work in agriculture. In all age classes, the number of farmers who have completed one of the forms of formal agricultural education is increasing. Under the Rural Development Program, 68,476 participants participated in education and training in the sub-measure Support for Vocational Training and Skills Acquisition Activities.

Good

The response of agricultural holdings to the agricultural policy and favourable market opportunities, which support the spreading of organic farming has been growing every year. The area intended for organic farming has increased in the period 1999–2020 from 2,400 ha to 52,078 ha, or from 0.5% to 10.8% of the total utilised agricultural area. The structure of agricultural land with organic farming is strongly dominated by grassland (80% in 2020), which shows that livestock farms more frequently convert to organic farming.

Neutral

In Slovenia, the majority of energy consumption in agriculture is gas oil used as a propellant for agricultural machinery (56.2%), followed by energy for the production of mineral nitrogen fertilizers (36.4%) and electric energy (4.4%). Compared to the average of 28 European countries, in 2016 Slovenia has 9.5% more direct energy consumption per hectare of utilized agricultural area and 13.5% less indirect energy use in agriculture.

Bad

In the period 2018–2020, the cultivation of agricultural land decreased and the urbanization of soil/land is intensifying and thus causing irreversible soil degradation and loss of natural resources. Changes in the use of larger areas are noticeable mainly on the outskirts of settlements for the needs of industry and trade and along the routes of larger infrastructure facilities. However, small changes prevail in terms of scale due to dispersed individual construction, expansion and modernization of facilities and smaller infrastructure.


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