The state of wildlife in Slovenia is favourable; larger epidemics have not been identified. The number of herbivorous ungulates as well as wild boars has decreased. An increase in wildlife losses due to road kill raises concerns. The total amount of damage caused by wildlife has decreased.
Wildlife management includes all animal and plant species. Regulation of wildlife populations is based on game management plans that are submitted for adoption to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food by the Slovenia Forest Service in accordance with a prescribed procedure.
Game includes species’ of wild mammals and birds that are subject to hunting and are specified in accordance with the Decree determining game animals and hunting seasons.
This indicator shows the influence of sustainable game management in the past decade based on animal removal from the wild. Removal means putting a burden on the population directly by hunting (culling), as well as other losses and is expressed in absolute numbers of removed animals by species. Losses resulting from human activities are shown separately (traffic, mowing, poaching, stray dogs, etc.).
The indicator is based on long-term standardised records kept by organisations that manage hunting grounds and special-purpose hunting grounds. The trends within the indicator are presented by sub-indicators – culling, losses and damage caused by game. The first and second sub-indicators are expressed in absolute numbers of animals removed from their populations, while the third is expressed in a nominal value of compensation paid to claimants and the percentages of main perpetrators (game species) of the damage.
The records are based on the regulations and are internationally comparable. They include annual statistics of culling, losses and caused damage.
Statistical data on sub-indicators (culling as part of animal removal) and, consequently, the indicator as a whole, is presented annually by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia in the Statistical Yearbook for each calendar year, under the Forestry and Hunting chapter. The indicator and all of its sub-indicators is included in the Report on the state of agriculture, food and forestry, prepared annually by the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food.
· To preserve a high level of game biodiversity;
· To preserve the natural balance between herbivorous species and the plant component of ecosystems;
· To provide a nutrition base for higher trophic levels (large carnivores);
· To carry out hunting.