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Compensations are paid for pecuniary damages caused by protected animal species. The most common cause of damage are large carnivores. Damage is most often inflicted on goats and sheep. The parties suffering damage are responsible for appropriate forms of property protection, and the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia is responsible for the prevention of further damage in the form of public tenders with a view to co-finance the expenses. In the period 2005-2007, the number of incidents did not change significantly; however, the approved compensation funds have increased by 40%.


The indicator shows the timeline and the number of incidents which were approved for compensation from the budget of the Republic of Slovenia. Compensations are paid for property damage caused by protected animal species. The indicator also shows the course of implementing the measures for preventing further damage that can be caused by large carnivores.

The success indicator is the reduced number of incidents and has been defined in the Resolution on National Environmental Action Plan.


Charts

Figure NB07-1: Number of detected incidents
Sources: 

Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008; ODSEV, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
January February March April May June July August September October
2005 number 7 7 22 42 58 93 117 223 245 169
2006 number 26 31 49 55 94 106 93 149 210 144
2007 number 30 40 59 86 121 82 123 182 191 130
November December
2005 number 70 29
2006 number 75 36
2007 number 82 58
Figure NB07-2: Number of incidents by protected animal species
Sources: 

Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008; ODSEV, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
brown bear wolf lynx ferret raven
2005 number 817 61 28 28 102
2006 number 589 165 16 23 185
2007 number 294 354 7 17 282
Figure NB07-3: Breakdown of resources approved for compensation by protected animal species that have caused the damage
Sources: 

Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008; ODSEV, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
2005 2006 2007
brown bear EUR 194865.56 145159.81 81866.39
wolf EUR 30050.26 87841.58 203336
lynx EUR 6501.33 3280.77 1161.47
ferret EUR 4267.96 5031 4750.02
raven EUR 15075.32 39380.84 52639.86
total EUR 260074 288793.82 355486.4
brown bear % 74.9 50.3 23
wolf % 11.6 30.4 57.2
lynx % 2.5 1.1 0.3
ferret % 1.6 1.7 1.3
raven % 5.8 13.6 14.8
Figure NB07-4: Number of incidents by type of activity
Sources: 

Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008; ODSEV, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
goats and sheep fruit cultivation forage production (bales) agriculture poultry beekeeping other
2005 number of incidents 353 139 120 225 32 79 113
2006 number of incidents 526 138 86 76 25 73 73
2007 number of incidents 726 67 59 34 25 13 174
Figure NB07-5: Breakdown of resources approved for compensation of damage caused by protected animal species by type of activity
Sources: 

Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008; ODSEV, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
2005 2006 2007
goats and sheep EUR 104732.7 171839.9 279044.3
fruit cultivation EUR 18804.4 20813.5 13260.4
forage production (bales) EUR 20277.8 17298.9 9491.4
agriculture EUR 27698.6 10736.2 5099.3
poultry EUR 4297.4 5121.3 5221.9
beekeeping EUR 43352.8 34406.7 7908
other EUR 40910.2 28577.8 35461.2
total EUR 260074 288794.3 355486.4
goats and sheep % (EUR) 40.3 59.5 78.5
fruit cultivation % (EUR) 7.2 7.2 3.7
forage production (bales) % (EUR) 7.8 6 2.7
agriculture % (EUR) 10.7 3.7 1.4
poultry % (EUR) 1.7 1.8 1.5
beekeeping % (EUR) 16.7 11.9 2.2
other % (EUR) 15.7 9.9 10
Figure NB07-6: Number of public tender applications for the implementation of measures to prevent further damage and other possible manners of property protection
Sources: 

Final report Public Tender, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008.

Show data
2005 2006 2007
applications number 37 73 130

Goals

The objectives determined by the Resolution on National Environmental Action Plan 2005-2012 are:
• to update and perfect the damage prevention system and make prompt payments for damage caused by protected animal species;
• define the manners of property protection and measures for preventing further damage.


Payments of compensation for damage caused by protected wild animal species are based on Articles 92 and 93 of the Nature Conservation Act and the provisions of the Wild Game and Hunting Act. The proposed amount is determined according to the reference scale which is confirmed each year by the Minister. The payments are made based on the compensation claims of the parties suffering damage. Material facts in the procedures are reviewed by experts authorised for the assessment of damage (employees of the Slovenian Forest Service). If a claimant does not agree with the proposed amount of compensation, s/he can apply for a larger amount of compensation by submitting appropriate documentation.

Damage caused by protected wild animal species has been noticed mostly in the period between June and October. Rejected compensation claims where the source of damage was undoubtedly recognised were also taken into account. Compensation claims are rejected when the conditions laid down by law are not fulfilled (e.g. inadequate protection of property).

In 2005, large carnivores (brown bear, wolf, lynx) were the cause of damage in 85% of the incidents that were approved for damage compensation. In 2006, there were 77% of such cases and in 2007 59%. In 2005, the brown bear was the cause of damage in a little less than 77% of the cases, in 2006 in 59% of the cases, and in 2007 in 27% of the cases. In 2005, wolves caused damage in a little less than 6% of incidents, in 2006 in slightly more than 17% and in 2007 in more than 32% of the cases. In the last two years, the number of cases where damage was caused by the raven grew by 15%.

In these years, 88% to 80% of financial resources were allocated for the damage caused by large carnivores.

In 2005, 33% of the damage was inflicted on sheep and goats, and in 2007, the percentage grew to 66%. In two years, the number of incidents in agriculture decreased by 18%.

In 2007, almost 80% of financial resources were used for compensation of damage inflicted on goats and sheep, and in 2005 the percentage was 40%. In the last two years, the use of resources for the compensation of damage in beekeeping decreased by 14%.

Co-financing of measures for the prevention of further damage is implemented based on public tenders, by means of which the purchase of electric pasture fencing and energisers is co-financed to prevent further damage that can be caused by large carnivores. Public tenders are prepared in accordance with the Rules on the appropriate manner of protecting property and the types of measures for preventing further damage to property.


Procedure description: The claimants report the damage to the Slovenian Forest Service, the authorised personnel performs an inspection, fills out the report and proposes an agreement according to the reference scale. In case the claimants disagree with the proposed compensation, they can apply to the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for a larger compensation. The Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia decides on the justifiability and the amount of compensation and keeps a record of compensation claims that are collected in the application called ODSEV. Each year, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia publishes the report on the Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species and prepares a final report for the Public tender.

- Ulamec, P. Nartnik I. 2006. Analiza odškodninskih zahtevkov za škodo, ki so jo povzročile živali zavarovanih prosto živečih živalskih vrst v letu 2006 [Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species in 2006]. Ljubljana, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia
- Ulamec, P. 2007. Analiza odškodninskih zahtevkov za škodo, ki so jo povzročile živali zavarovanih prosto živečih živalskih vrst v letu 2006 [Analysis of compensation claims for damage caused by protected wild animal species in 2006]. Ljubljana, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia
- ODSEV – Record of compensation claims, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008. Administrator: Petra Ulamec
- Final report Public Tender, 2005, 2006, 2007, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008. Administrator: Petra Ulamec


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