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In 2015, 754 loss events were considered. For 657 loss events, compensation in the amount of €300,194.74 was fully or partially granted. Compensation may be claimed for damage caused by 20 protected animal species. The most common perpetrators of harm are large carnivores. Damage is often caused to sheep and goats and most incidents happen in the period from July to October.


This indicator shows the damage incurred in a given time period, and the number of loss events for which compensation for damage from the national budget of the Republic of Slovenia was approved. Compensation is granted where animals of an endangered species cause damage to private property.

The success rate is measured by a decrease in the number of loss events, as defined in the Resolution on the National Programme of Environmental Protection 2005–2012 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 2/06).


Charts

Figure NB07-1: Damage caused by protected animal species in 2015
Sources: 

Analiza odškodninskih zahtevkov za škodo, ki so jo povzročile živali zavarovanih prostoživečih živalskih vrst, Slovenian environment agency, 2016; ODSEV, Slovenian environment agency, 2016

Figure NB07-2: Number of registered loss events, 2005-2015
Sources: 

ODSEV, Slovenian Environment Agency, 2016.

Show data
January February March April May June July August September October
2005 number 7 7 22 42 58 93 117 223 245 169
2006 number 26 31 49 55 94 106 93 149 210 144
2007 number 30 40 59 86 121 82 123 182 191 130
2008 number 50 58 41 99 107 118 163 218 295 204
2009 number 37 33 52 62 76 72 110 127 158 109
2010 number 27 49 64 69 122 108 115 165 268 214
2011 number 23 28 55 59 88 76 84 147 131 105
2012 number 28 35 34 56 96 104 163 269 242 147
2013 number 14 16 49 56 94 61 64 89 146 80
2014 number 22 16 31 52 101 96 98 149 217 137
2015 number 20 14 37 37 40 31 65 84 177 122
November December
2005 number 70 29
2006 number 75 36
2007 number 82 58
2008 number 111 73
2009 number 79 38
2010 number 105 30
2011 number 72 35
2012 number 98 23
2013 number 41 23
2014 number 60 30
2015 number 41 14
Figure NB07-3: Number of registered loss events by protected animal species, 2005-2015
Sources: 

ODSEV, Slovenian Environemnt Agency, 2016.

Show data
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
brown bear number 817 589 294 578 353 568 293 592 364 519
wolf number 61 165 354 397 410 535 434 347 149 205
lynx number 28 16 7 17 16 7 7 2 0 0
ferret number 28 23 17 38 44 41 24 51 42 55
raven number 102 185 282 361 32 27 30 33 22 40
other number 25 19 144 58 42 60 69 119 82 114
total number 1061 997 1098 1449 897 1238 857 1144 659 933
2015
brown bear number 339
wolf number 102
lynx number 1
ferret number 38
raven number 40
other number 108
total number 628
Figure NB07-4: Share of financial compensation by protected animal species, 2005-2016
Sources: 

ODSEV, Slovenian environment agency, 2016

Show data
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
brown bear EUR 194865.6 145159.8 81866.4 170678.5 154314.3 252496.7 113703.1 232339.1 145066 192206.1
wolf EUR 30050.3 87841.6 203336 280580.2 271870.3 333485.4 251486.7 191879.8 89246.2 139494
lynx EUR 6501.3 3280.8 1161.5 3712.2 3856.3 1263.8 975 150 0 0
ferret EUR 4268 5031 4750 14680.6 20888.5 9956.1 3254.8 6047.3 4388.5 4768.5
raven EUR 15075.3 39380.8 52639.9 67172.2 13745.7 12377.6 36156.7 9393 13229.8 24107.3
other EUR 9313.6 8099.8 11732.7 42918.5 15501.9 29063.5 37499.4 130512.3 59401.6 90115.1
total EUR 260074 288793.8 355486.4 580076.9 480177 638642.9 443075.8 570321.5 311332.2 450690.9
brown bear % 74.9 50.3 23 29.4 32.1 39.5 25.7 40.7 46.6 42.6
wolf % 11.6 30.4 57.2 48.4 56.6 52.2 56.8 33.6 28.7 31
lynx % 2.5 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2 0 0 0
ferret % 1.6 1.7 1.3 2.5 4.4 1.6 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.1
raven % 5.8 13.6 14.8 11.6 2.9 1.9 8.2 1.6 4.2 5.3
other % 3.6 2.8 3.3 7.4 3.2 4.6 8.5 22.9 19.1 20
2015
brown bear EUR 143321.2
wolf EUR 80014.3
lynx EUR 168.8
ferret EUR 4729.1
raven EUR 8059
other EUR 53277.5
total EUR 289569.8
brown bear % 49.5
wolf % 27.6
lynx % 0.1
ferret % 1.6
raven % 2.8
other % 18.4
Figure NB07-5: Number of loss events per activity, 2005-2015
Sources: 

ODSEV, Slovenian Environemnt Agency, 2016.

Show data
goats and sheep fruit cultivation forage production (bales) agriculture poultry beekeeping other
2005 number of incidents 353 139 120 225 32 79 113
2006 number of incidents 526 138 86 76 25 73 73
2007 number of incidents 726 67 59 34 25 13 174
2008 number of incidents 824 165 106 162 55 48 201
2009 number of incidents 517 100 81 70 50 16 111
2010 number of incidents 708 171 97 92 49 46 125
2011 number of incidents 558 67 61 26 38 20 110
2012 number of incidents 556 139 89 48 73 70 221
2013 number of incidents 286 67 43 19 52 61 165
2014 number of incidents 328 119 69 53 78 68 326
2015 number of incidents 201 85 72 32 51 51 176
Figure NB07-6: Share of financial compensation by activity
Sources: 

ODSEV, Slovenian Environemnt Agency, 2016.

Show data
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
goats and sheep EUR 104732.7 171839.9 279044.3 347837.6 331633.3 454851.2 296576.2 291436.8 135365.6 158094
fruit cultivation EUR 18804.4 20813.5 13260.4 46712.5 25718.2 38309.1 19053.1 29892.6 17459.4 22901.6
forage production (bales) EUR 20277.8 17298.9 9491.4 18263.5 15277.5 15868.1 20448 14412.8 6695 11676.9
agriculture EUR 27698.6 10736.2 5099.3 20647.3 15264.7 20670.2 13740.1 55990.2 4089.1 7764.4
poultry EUR 4297.4 5121.3 5221.9 15017.6 20997 10988.9 4815.4 9538.4 4372 6468.4
beekeeping EUR 43352.8 34406.7 7908 32411.2 11396.9 37461 11186.8 38016.6 35723.4 62095.7
other EUR 40910.2 28577.8 35461.2 98852.2 59889 60494.9 77256 131034.1 107627.7 181689.6
total EUR 260074 288794.3 355486.4 579741.9 480177 638642.9 443075.6 570321.5 311332.3 450690.7
goats and sheep % (EUR) 40.3 59.5 78.5 60 69.1 71.2 66.9 51.1 43.5 35.1
fruit cultivation % (EUR) 7.2 7.2 3.7 8 5.4 6 4.3 5.2 5.6 5.1
forage production (bales) % (EUR) 7.8 6 2.7 3.1 3.2 2.5 4.6 2.5 2.2 2.6
agriculture % (EUR) 10.7 3.7 1.4 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 9.8 1.3 1.7
poultry % (EUR) 1.7 1.8 1.5 2.6 4.4 1.7 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.4
beekeeping % (EUR) 16.7 11.9 2.2 5.6 2.4 5.9 2.5 6.7 11.5 13.8
other % (EUR) 15.7 9.9 10 17 12.5 9.5 17.4 23 34.6 40.3
2015
goats and sheep EUR 99548.4
fruit cultivation EUR 16722.5
forage production (bales) EUR 16502.2
agriculture EUR 4419.2
poultry EUR 5614
beekeeping EUR 40247.9
other EUR 106515.7
total EUR 289569.8
goats and sheep % (EUR) 34.4
fruit cultivation % (EUR) 5.8
forage production (bales) % (EUR) 5.7
agriculture % (EUR) 1.5
poultry % (EUR) 1.9
beekeeping % (EUR) 13.9
other % (EUR) 36.8

Goals

·         Further development of the system for damage prevention and timely payment of compensation for damage caused by animals of a protected species;

·         Elaboration of measures for protection of property and prevention of further damage.


The state is responsible for property damage caused by protected animal species. The Nature Conservation Act lays down conditions under which property owners are eligible to receive compensation for property damage caused by animals of a protected species. Owners must act with due care and attention and take appropriate early preventive measures.

In the 2005–2007 period, the number of damage events remained more or less stable, while in 2008, it increased by more than 30%. In 2009, the number dropped by nearly 40%, followed by an equal increase in 2010 and a significant drop in 2011, comparable to that from 2009. In 2012, the number of damage events increased again (by more than 40%) and, in 2013 it dropped to its lowest level in the 9-year period. In 2014, animals of a protected species were responsible for almost 40% more damage events than in 2013. In 2015, the number of damage events decreased again, below the 2013 level. In the 2005–2008 period, the approved amount of funds for damage compensation increased by more than 100%. In 2009, the amount decreased to levels before 2005, while in 2010, it reached a record level, exceeding the 2005 amount by 150%. In 2011, the approved amount of compensation payments decreased again to a similar level as in 2009, while in 2012 it rose again by almost 30%. In 2013, the amount dropped by 45% compared to the preceding year and in 2014, it rose to EUR 450,690 of approved funds for damage compensation, followed by an almost 36% drop in 2015. Damage caused by animals of a protected species was reported by property owners primarily between July and October. Rejected compensation claims in cases where the cause of damage was identified as within reasonable doubt are taken into account as well. Compensation claims are rejected in cases in which the statutory conditions are not fulfilled (e.g. inadequate protection of property).

On average, large carnivores (brown bear, lynx, wolves) caused damage in 78% of all cases for which compensation payment was approved. The percentage ranges between 60% in 2007 and 90% in 2010. In the 2005–2015 period, brown bear caused damage in 27–77% of all damage events, the 11-year average being 49%. In the 2005–2014 period, wolves caused damage in 6–51 damage events, with an 11-year average of 28%.

75 to 92% of all funds earmarked for compensation of damage were paid to cover losses caused by large carnivores.

Between 34 and 78% of funds were spent for compensating damage caused to sheep and goats. In the period 2005–2012, the amount of funds for compensating damage in the area of beekeeping was reduced from 17 to 7%. In 2013, an increase to 11% was recorded, while in 2014 and 2015 compensation to beekeepers increased to 14%. The share of funds spent for compensating damage to fruit trees fluctuates between 5 and 8%, with the exception of 2007 when it amounted to 3.7% and 2011, when it was 4.3%.



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