Key messages
The number of households in Slovenia is growing faster than the population. Between 1961 and 2002 the number of households increased by nearly 50%, while the population increased by a mere 25%. Between 2003 and 2007, the number of households increased by 4.5% and the population growth was 1.5%. In 2007, there were 745,000 households in Slovenia. The share of smaller households with one or two members is growing, while the share of households with more than three members is decreasing. Smaller households have higher expenditures and a greater impact on the environment.
In Slovenia, construction of dwellings is growing faster than the population. In 2008, we had 830 thousand dwellings. Most dwellings, 31%, were completed in Central Slovenia, 20% in the Podravje region, and the least, 1%, were built in the Zasavje region. In 2008, the average dwelling size was 77m2. A good half of all dwellings is located in urban settlements, the average size of which is 71m2. In rural settlements, the dwellings are around 10m2 larger.
Slovenian households consume around 20 percent of final energy. Consumption has decreased since 2003, mainly on account of petroleum products, consumption of which fell in 2007 by 40% compared to 2003. Most energy is consumed for space heating, amounting to 53% in 2002. In the same year, 25% of energy was spent for cooking and 13% for heating water.
Household electricity consumption increased in 2007 and amounted to 3,000 GWh. The share of households equipped with electricity-consuming appliances is also increasing. Among these are, for instance, dishwashers, clothes dryers, mobile phone, CD players, microwaves, and personal computers. Despite the improved energy efficiency of some appliances, electricity consumption has not decreased, as the number of household appliances continues to increase rapidly, which also contributes to excessive quantities of waste.
Because of abundance, consumption by the majority of the European population has been higher than required for basic needs. Consumption of some products and services has been even higher than their usefulness, and in many cases even higher than environmental sustainability allows. On average, a household member in Slovenia spends most funds on transport and communication (20%), somewhat less funds on food and non-alcoholic drinks (14%), even less on recreation, culture, education, restaurants and hotels (12%), and spends the least on dwellings, electricity and other fuels (11%). In total, the average expenditure per household member in Slovenia in 2007 amounted to 7,142 EUR, which is 66% more than in 2000.
In Slovenia, the share of household expenditure on food and soft drinks is 14%. The largest share of the budget is spent on meat (230 EUR per household member or 27%), bread and cereals (181 EUR per household member or 21%), and milk, cheese and eggs (138 EUR per household member or 16%). The majority of agricultural holdings (84%) are engaged in livestock farming, mainly cattle farming. Organic farming, which is much more environmentally-friendly, became increasingly popular at the end of the 1990's. Until this date, it comprised 5.9% of all utilised agricultural land.
In Slovenia, passenger car transport is increasing and public transport is decreasing. The increase in car ownership can be attributed to ideas about greater flexibility, improved mobility and low quality of public passenger transport. On one hand, the share of Slovenian households owning a personal car increased by 80% in 2007, but on the other hand, the number of passengers using urban public transport dropped by nearly 50% compared to 1990. The data for Central Slovenia and the Podravje statistical regions has shown that more than 70% of the population travel to work by car. Considering means of transport per passenger, a passenger car provides the highest degree of pollution and minimum energy efficiency, especially in urban areas.