Although sustainable transport planning at the regional and local levels has no tradition in Slovenia, the situation has been improving in recent years. An integrated approach was introduced after joining the EU. Nowadays, more and more municipalities respond to the incentives of the EU and the Ministry of Infrastructure. They prepare and implement Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs). SUMP is a strategic document that outlines the municipality´s vision and objectives in the field of sustainable transport, which includes a list of necessary actions required to achieve a comprehensive change and, consequently, a higher quality of life. Implementation of the strategies has already resulted in more efficient transport solutions in some municipalities, which is a good incentive for other municipalities.
This indicator shows the number of Slovenian municipalities that upgraded traditional transport planning through an integrated approach. In addition to carrying out sustainable mobility measures, this can be achieved by drawing up a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP), a document that integrates individual measures into a wider concept. The plan can be drawn up at the municipal or regional level – currently, most strategies in Slovenia are drawn up at the municipal level. As no national or European system currently exists for checking the quality of SUMPs, the indicator includes all documents with a similar title and approach, despite the fact that their quality can differ greatly. After co-financing of the SUMP preparation was introduced in 2015 and 2016, the Ministry of Infrastructure has now planned to set up a quality monitoring system and define the minimum content of SUMPs. After the adoption of these rules, only documents approved by the Ministry of Infrastructure or that are compliant with its criteria will be included in this indicator.
Slovenian platform for sustainable mobility, 2014
|Number of inhabitants 2015||Year of preparation||Status of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan|
|Nova Gorica||number||31787||2006||Občinska CPS sprejeta v občinskem svetu 2006; Municipal SUMP adopted in the municipal council in 2006|
|Nova Gorica||number||31787||2015||Regionalna CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); Regional SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
|Murska Sobota||number||18973||2008||Občinska CPS sprejeta v mestnem svetu; Municipal SUMP adopted by city council|
|Ljubljana||number||287218||2011||Občinska CPS sprejeta v mestnem svetu; Municipal SUMP adopted by city council|
|Ljutomer||number||11521||2012||Občinska CPS sprejeta v občinskem svetu; Municipal SUMP adopted in the municipal council|
|Piran||number||17857||2012||Strokovna podlaga – občinski svet ni obravnaval; Expertise - the municipal council did not discuss it|
|Maribor||number||112325||2015||Občinska CPS sprejeta v mestnem svetu; Municipal SUMP adopted by city council|
|Brda||number||5662||2015||CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
|Kanal||number||5502||2015||CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
|Miren-Kostanjevica||number||4826||2015||CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
|Renče-Vogrsko||number||4297||2015||CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
|Šempeter-Vrtojba||number||6280||2015||CPS za Goriško regijo (2015); SUMP for Goriška region (2015)|
Slovenian platform for sustainable mobility, 2015
The proposed National Strategy for Integrated Transport Planning at the local level (Ministry of Infrastructure and Spatial Planning, 2012a) includes a goal according to which all large municipalities (city municipalities and municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants) and 20% of smaller municipalities will draw up sustainable urban mobility plans by 2015. By 2020, 75% of all municipalities will draw up SUMPs (individually or in cooperation with neighbouring municipalities), while most of the remaining municipalities will operate in accordance with integrated transport planning principles.
Sustainable urban mobility planning is based on good practice experience gained by many European cities that have been tackling transport issues for a longer period of time and have been successfully applying key principles of this approach. In Great Britain, France and Italy, SUMPs have been mandatory for some time, which is why these countries are the most experienced in introducing SUMPs and integrated transport strategies and have inspired the European Commission into active promotion of introducing SUMPs at the European level. In certain countries (e.g. Sweden, the Flemish region in Belgium, Spain), countries actively stimulate the preparation and implementation of SUMPs. An overview of the situation in the field of SUMPs in the EU and in individual countries is available at the European Platform on SUMPs website - http://www.eltis.org/mobility-plans.
An integrated approach to dealing with transport issues upgrades the existing planning methods and takes into account the principles of strategic thinking, inclusion, cooperation and evaluation. It has measurable benefits and noticeable added value. As a result, an increasing number of stakeholders recognises the benefits this approach brings to the local and regional environment and will draw up SUMPs regardless of whether or not they have been made mandatory by legislation so far.
In recent years, the European Commission issued several recommendations, guidelines and incentives with regard to SUMPs. Welcoming these messages, the Government of the Republic of Slovenia has, for some time, been investigating the ways of stimulating municipalities to draw up SUMPs. The prediction that the European Union will condition the allocation of funds for transport with the existence of such strategic documents in municipalities is now becoming a reality.
The Guidelines for the preparation of SUMPs (Ministry of Infrastructure and Spatial Planning, 2012) point out the following advantages of SUMPs:
In recent years, the Ministry of Infrastructure, which is responsible for transport planning and development in the country, has recognised key issues in the field of sustainable mobility and has developed a plan to address the issues by using cohesion funds. Therefore, it has included sustainable mobility measures in the priority axis of Promoting low-carbon strategies for all types of geographical area, in particular for urban areas within the Operational Programme for the Implementation of the EU Cohesion Policy in the period 2014–2020 (2015). The main intention is to draw up SUMPs for at least 40–50 municipalities with settlements of urban character and to implement measures set forth in the SUMPs, such as providing safe access to public transport stations and stops, setting up cycle stands, racks and shelters, introducing park and ride systems, setting up public transport stops, pavements and cycle lanes. In addition to providing infrastructure for sustainable mobility, mobility management measures will also be carried out. These will include adopting sustainable parking policies, drawing up mobility plans for institutions, limiting the use of passenger cars in city centres, green city logistics, the use of modern technologies for efficient mobility management and educational/awareness raising activities related to sustainable mobility. Training for SUMP elaboration, provided by the Ministry of Infrastructure in cooperation with Slovenian platform for sustainable mobility, is also important. Through this training, the idea and concept of sustainable mobility planning was transferred to approximately 70 experts in the field of transport and spatial planning in 2014 and 2105, which also means an important shift in SUMP direction. With an active role by the Ministry of Infrastructure, Slovenia can achieve an important breakthrough in this field.