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Key message
Neutral

Leukemia is the most common children cancer. It represents 25 to 30% of all new diagnosed cancer cases in children younger than 15 years in the world. Causal mechanisms for the occurrence of leukemia in children are poorly known, but it is often referred connection with environmental risk factors.Data from European cancer registries indicate that the incidence rate of childhood leukemia between 1970 and 1999 grew on average by 0.7% per annum in the last twenty years has been 1% per year, mostly in countries with higher economic status (SES). In Slovenia, due to the small number of cases can not be described significant trend over the period 1998-2013 but  incidencevaries between 5 and 18 new cases per year.



Charts

Figure ZD12-1: Number of new cases (incidence) of children leukemia in children aged from 0 to 14 years old in Slovenia, from 1998 to 2013
Sources: 

Zadnik, Primic Žakelj, 2016.

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1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
incidence number of new cases 13 13 14 14 12 9 12 9 12 15
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
incidence number of new cases 13 16 5 18 15 14
Figure ZD12-2: Incidence rate of leukemia in children aged from 0 to 14 years old in selected European countries in the year 2012
Sources: 

WHO, 2016.

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Poland Czech Republic France Estonia Hungary Austria Latvia Denmark Spain Belgium
country incidence number per 100.000 inhabitants 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9 4 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.4
country incidence -European avarage number per 100.000 inhabitants 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Sweden Croatia Romania Netherlands Slovenia United Kingdom Malta Cyprus Lithuania Slovakia
country incidence number per 100.000 inhabitants 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 5 5.1 5.1 5.2
country incidence -European avarage number per 100.000 inhabitants 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Italy Bulgaria Ireland Portugal Finland Germany
country incidence number per 100.000 inhabitants 5.3 5.6 5.7 5.9 6.5 7
country incidence -European avarage number per 100.000 inhabitants 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4

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