In the period 2011–2015, Slovenia reported 365 different disease outbreaks. The most numerous were contact transmission outbreaks, with norovirus as the most common etiologic agent (170), followed by foodborne disease outbreaks (33).
In 2015, three foodborne outbreaks were recorded with probable food vehicle.
This indicator shows the number of reported foodborne disease outbreaks in Slovenia and selected EU countries.
Foodborne infectious diseases are defined as diseases that are caused by microorganisms or toxins and enter the body by food ingestion. (ICD-10, A00 do A09).
Food means any substance or product, whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed, intended to be, or reasonably expected to be ingested by humans. This definition includes drinking water and encompasses individual food components as well as compound food (Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002).
Foodborne outbreak means the onset of two or more cases of the same disease and/or infection or a situation in which the observed number of cases of a disease or infection in humans exceeds the expected number and are linked or probably linked to common food as a source of infection (Directive 2003/99/EC).
The term epidemic is sometimes used rather than ‘outbreak’ – essentially the terms have the same meaning, but the term epidemic bears a more serious connotation and is thus used less often in order to avoid negative reactions from the public.
National Institute of public health, 2009-2015
|Canteen or workplace catering||No.of reported outbreaks||0||2||0||0||0|
|Restaurant, Hotel||No.of reported outbreaks||4||4||1||3||1|
|Household||No.of reported outbreaks||1||0||1||1||0|
|Hospital/retirement home/medical care facility/kindergarten/school/other||No.of reported outbreaks||2||4||2||4||2|
|Total||No.of reported outbreaks||7||10||4||8||3|
EU summary report on zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks 2010-2014; EFSA Journal
|Austria||No.of reported outbreaks||193||232||122||133||96|
|Belgium||No.of reported outbreaks||105||281||327||311||370|
|Bulgaria||No.of reported outbreaks||NP||13||2||NP||14|
|Croatia||No.of reported outbreaks||-||-||-||60||44|
|Cyprus||No.of reported outbreaks||NP||NP||NP||NP||NP|
|Czech Republic||No.of reported outbreaks||25||4||23||19||37|
|Denmark||No.of reported outbreaks||76||86||85||69||57|
|Estonia||No.of reported outbreaks||32||13||17||14||6|
|Finland||No.of reported outbreaks||43||52||45||43||41|
|France||No.of reported outbreaks||1039||1153||1279||1221||1364|
|Germany||No.of reported outbreaks||439||424||393||408||430|
|Greece||No.of reported outbreaks||3||8||32||24||4|
|Hungary||No.of reported outbreaks||299||174||115||119||37|
|Ireland||No.of reported outbreaks||13||18||38||25||20|
|Italy||No.of reported outbreaks||225||908||20||NP||1|
|Latvia||No.of reported outbreaks||505||51||477||598||491|
|Lithuania||No.of reported outbreaks||148||176||93||115||247|
|Luxembourg||No.of reported outbreaks||NP||NP||NP||NP||NP|
|Malta||No.of reported outbreaks||50||60||35||6||22|
|Netherlands||No.of reported outbreaks||251||213||273||291||207|
|Poland||No.of reported outbreaks||451||493||490||446||382|
|Portugal||No.of reported outbreaks||4||8||7||18||25|
|Romania||No.of reported outbreaks||29||6||10||20||27|
|Slovakia||No.of reported outbreaks||487||534||731||458||465|
|Slovenia||No.of reported outbreaks||3||8||10||4||8|
|Spain||No.of reported outbreaks||482||424||447||424||434|
|Sweden||No.of reported outbreaks||293||222||232||286||352|
|United Kingdom||No.of reported outbreaks||67||87||60||84||70|
In addition to the above-stated goals, we would like to improve the management of foodborne outbreaks, improve the quality of reporting on outbreaks and improve the cooperation and communication between regional units of the National Institute of Public Health, health and veterinary inspection services and the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment in accordance with Directive 2003/99/EC on the monitoring of zoonosis and zoonotic agents. Monitoring of foodborne outbreaks must be in the common interest of all stakeholders.