Environmental indicators in Slovenia

Environmental indicators are based on graphs, maps and assessments and as such present environmental trends in Slovenia. The indicators represent one of the four pillars of our environmental reporting, and are prepared in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Indicators in Slovenia website enables users to browse among 180 indicators. They are based on numerical data and they indicate the state, characteristics and trends of environmental development in Slovenia. They are prepared using a systematic approach based on data and monitoring, as shown in the information pyramid.

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In the period 1960-2015, the mean sea level along the Slovenian coast rose by 10 cm. On average, this means a rise of 1.7 mm/year and, in the last 20 years, 5 mm/year. It is estimated that the rise of mean sea level is affected by global sea level rise and, in the last period, by extreme weather conditions in the region. Over the past twenty years, the sea level along the Slovenian and Adriatic coast has been rising at a rate surpassing European and global trends.


In the twelve years (2008-2020), the farmland bird index is 81.6, and the grassland bird index in the agricultural landscape is 61.7.The thirteen-year trend of farmland birds shows moderate declining, despite a slight upward trend over the last five years.



After 2012, the volume of built-up areas in Slovenia continues to increase, representing 5.6% of the land use structure in 2019. In this period, built-up areas were predominantly spread to grasslands (47%), forests (21%) and permanent crops (13%), while in the period 2012–2019 the total volume of built-up areas increased by 3,966 ha. Existing data sources in Slovenia do not yet enable the evaluation of the actual loss of land for the needs of construction.


Primary energy consumption in 2018 amounted to 6,828 ktoe. After increasing by 3.5% and 2.9% in 2016 and 2017, respectively, it decreased by 0.7% in 2018 compared to the previous year. The decrease was caused by changes in the structure of electricity production, as due to good hydrological conditions the hydroelectric power plants produced more electricity than in 2017.


Final energy consumption in 2018 amounted to 4,975 ktoe and increased for the fourth year in a row, this time by 0.6% compared to the previous year. The increase was caused by the increase in final energy consumption in transport and manufacturing and construction. Compared to 2008, when the highest value in the observed period was reached, the consumption was 5.5% lower. Most energy is used in transport, followed by manufacturing and construction, households, and other use. Compared to the 2020 target, final energy consumption in 2018 was 2.8% lower.


Despite the fact that the level of education on Slovenian agricultural holdings has significantly improved in the period 2000-2016, it is still quite unfavourable. Still, more than half of the farmers have only practical experience with work in agriculture. In all age classes, the number of farmers who have completed one of the forms of formal agricultural education is increasing. Under the Rural Development Program, 68,476 participants participated in education and training in the sub-measure Support for Vocational Training and Skills Acquisition Activities.