KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Key message
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Leukemia is the most common children cancer. It represents 25 to 30% of all new diagnosed cancer cases in children younger than 15 years in the world.

Many new treatments over the last 50 years have improved survival at 80%, but the survivors face of lifelong diseases. Causal mechanisms for the occurrence of leukemia in children are poorly known, but it is often referred connection with environmental risk factors. Better knowledge of the causal mechanisms for the occurrence of leukemia in children is important for the prevention or early recognition and treatment of this cancer. Information European cancer registries indicate that the incidence rate of childhood leukemia between 1970 and 1999 grew on average by 0.7% per annum in the last twenty years has been 1% per year, mostly in countries with higher economic status (SES). There are marked differences between eastern and western European countries. In Slovenia, due to the small number of cases can not be described significant trend over the period 1998-2011.



Charts

Figure ZD12-1: Number of new cases (incidence) of children leukemia in children aged from 0 to 14 years old in Slovenia, from 1998 to 2011
Sources: 

Zadnik, Primic Žakelj, 2015.

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1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
incidence number of new cases 13 13 14 14 12 9 12 9 12 15
2008 2009 2010 2011
incidence number of new cases 13 16 5 18
Figure ZD12-2: Aged standardized incidence rate of leukemia in children aged from 0 to 14 years old in selected European countries in the year 2000
Sources: 

WHO, 2009.

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Romania Portugal Poland Czech Republic Slovenia Hungary Slovakia Lithuania Bulgaria Estonia
country incidence number per milion inhabitants 31.3 32.2 32.3 36.8 37.1 37.9 37.9 38.2 39.6 40
country incidence - average number per milion inhabitants 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4
Netherlands United Kingdom Spain Ireland France Sweden Germany Malta Denmark Switzerland
country incidence number per milion inhabitants 40.7 41 41.1 41.2 41.3 41.7 44.8 45 47.3 48.3
country incidence - average number per milion inhabitants 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4 42.4
Finland Italy
country incidence number per milion inhabitants 50.8 53.9
country incidence - average number per milion inhabitants 42.4 42.4

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