KAZALCI OKOLJA

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The incidence of intestinal infections is estimated on the basis of notifications. This approach underestimates the actual burden of acute gastrointestinal infections (AGI) and foodborne diseases in the population because they capture only the reported cases, which are only part of the infected or diseased population. The incidence of acute gastrointestinal infections (AGI) and foodborne diseases remains high. The most frequent is gastroenterocolitis of unknown etiology, followed by viral infections of the gut which are becoming increasingly important. Among bacterial infections Campylobacter infections prevail followed by infections caused by Salmonella, Clostridium difficile, adenoviruses and pathogenic E.coli. The real burden of the CNB and foodborne diseases can be assessed only through research.



Charts

Figure ZD21-1: Incidence of most frequently reported acute gastrointestinal infections (AGI) in Slovenia from 2005 to 2014
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health, 2005–2015.

Show data
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
All notified gastrointestinal communicable diseases (GCD) No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 1001.9 947.3 943.8 814.2 899.3 1046.5 1118.2 936.3 997.5 1087.6
GCD , unknown pathogen No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 556.3 493.1 546.2 489.1 586.2 704.1 790.6 665.5 696.1 760.6
Salmonellosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 136.6 200.6 165.5 75.8 75.8 67.2 54 30.1 17 19.5
Rotavirosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 102 97 91.1 83.4 91.1 89.1 102.5 80.5 78 107.5
Campylobacteriosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 60.1 43.6 52 54.3 47.1 53.7 44 45.1 48.9 48
Other GCD with known pathogen No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 91.8 75 57.7 85.5 70 107 91 19.7 17.5 10.9
2012 2013 2014 2015
All notified gastrointestinal communicable diseases (GCD) No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 972.5 964.8 1008.9 1280.9
GCD , unknown pathogen No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 709.4 678 711.3 933.4
Salmonellosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 19.5 14.2 32.4 18.6
Rotavirosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 68.1 70.7 96.2 89.5
Campylobacteriosis No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 45.4 48.4 54.3 60.5
Other GCD with known pathogen No.of reported cases/100.000 inh. 4.3 7 5.6 8.8
Figure ZD21-2: Number of hospitalized cases of AGI in Slovenia in 2014
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health, 2015.

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No. of aplications No of cases/100.000 residents
All reported GCD No. of aplications 3651 177.1
GCD, unknown pathogen No. of aplications 963 46.7
rotaviruses No. of aplications 1027 49.8
campylobacters No. of aplications 495 24
noroviruses No. of aplications 357 17.3
Salmonella spp; typhus and paratyphus No. of aplications 294 14.3
E.coli No. of aplications 69 3.3
Cl difficile No. of aplications 259 12.6
adenoviruses No. of aplications 98 4.8
shigellas No. of aplications 6 0.3
Y. enterocolitica No. of aplications 9 0.4
hepatitis A virus No. of aplications 6 0.3
hepatitis E virus No. of aplications 0 0
parasites No. of aplications 4 0.2
other GCD with known pathogen No. of aplications 56 2.7
Figure ZD21-3: Incidence of Salmonella infections(number of infections/100.000 inhabitants), EU-27, from 2006 to 2013
Sources: 

WHO, 2013.

Show data
No. of aplications No of cases/100.000 residents
All reported GCD No. of aplications 3618 175.4
rotaviruses No. of aplications 917 44.4
GCD, unknown pathogen No. of aplications 872 42.3
campylobacters No. of aplications 530 25.7
noroviruses No. of aplications 427 20.7
Cl difficile No. of aplications 421 20.4
Salmonella spp; typhus and paratyphus No. of aplications 185 9
E.coli No. of aplications 90 4.4
adenoviruses No. of aplications 90 4.4
shigellas No. of aplications 3 0.1
Y. enterocolitica No. of aplications 4 0.2
hepatitis A virus No. of aplications 1 0.1
hepatitis E virus No. of aplications 0 0
parasites No. of aplications 3 0.1
other GCD with known pathogen No. of aplications 69 3.3
Figure ZD21-4: Microbiological foodborne diseases per 100.000, EU-27, 2006-2012
Sources: 

WHO, 2013.

Show data
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Austria No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Belgium No. of cases/100.000 inh. 9.8 8 7.9 8.5 38.9 13.9 12.4
Bulgaria No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Cyprus No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Czech Republic No. of cases/100.000 inh. 574.7 534.4 426 416 432.1 437.6 324.9
Denmark No. of cases/100.000 inh. 98.5 110.8 139.9 109 109.9 103.4 98.1
Estonia No. of cases/100.000 inh. 8.3 2.1 9.9 23.2 11 9.8 13.6
Finland No. of cases/100.000 inh. 35.3 181.9 18.8 35 17.7 21.3 26
France No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP 20.1 22.2 15.7 15.3 NP
Germany No. of cases/100.000 inh. 63.9 67.4 52.3 38.4 31 138.3 116.7
Greece No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Hungary No. of cases/100.000 inh. 68.1 11.5 19.8 8.4 11 10.8 9.9
Ireland No. of cases/100.000 inh. 54.2 55.8 52 50.2 46.9 61.1 59.8
Italy No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Latvia No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Lithuania No. of cases/100.000 inh. 29.9 22.9 25.8 19.6 16.4 40.6 34.7
Luxembourg No. of cases/100.000 inh. 131.4 150.4 179.3 165.7 179.9 210.7 211.1
Malta No. of cases/100.000 inh. 43.3 60.9 55.3 68.8 82.5 93.1 78.2
Netherlands No. of cases/100.000 inh. 2.9 4.6 4.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 NP
Poland No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Portugal No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
Romania No. of cases/100.000 inh. 11.1 10.9 8.3 5 2.5 3.4 2.1
Slovakia No. of cases/100.000 inh. 380 407.1 374 349.6 360.2 427.2 301.6
Slovenia No. of cases/100.000 inh. 24.8 36.6 33.9 4.1 5.9 4.6 15.5
Spain No. of cases/100.000 inh. 23.9 18.6 16.4 16.2 16.9 16.1 15.2
Sweden No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP
UK No. of cases/100.000 inh. NP NP NP NP NP NP NP

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