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Slovenia belongs in the group of EU countries, which are more polluted due to particulate matter (PM10). The average annual concentration of PM10 is exceeding the limit value recommended for the protection of human health by the World Health Organization (20 µg PM10/m3). Very young children, including unborn babies and elderlies, are particularly sensitive to air pollutants like PM. Analyses show that in Slovenia most of the children is exposed to negative consequences of PM10 pollution (more than 21 µg/m3). Most children living in European cities are exposed to PM10 levels that do not exceed 30 µg/m3 but in Slovenia 7 % of children have been exposed to concentrations of PM10 between 31-40 µg/m3 till 2016. As a consequence, 15 % of hospitalization of children is due to respiratory diseases.


Charts

Figure ZD03-1: Exposure of children (0-15 years old) to exceeded PM10 concentrations, Slovenia, 2008-2017 (annual limit value for protection health is 20 µg/m3, for environment protection is 40 µg/m3)
Sources: 

ARSO (National automatic measurement air quality network database), 2018; SURS, 2018

Show data

0-20 µg/m3

21-30 µg/m3

31-40 µg/m3

> 41 µg/m3

2008

0

70

27

3

2009

0

85

15

0

2010

0

72

28

0

2011

0

36

64

0

2012

0

88

12

0

2013

7.50

91

1

0

2014

12

88

0

0

2015

0

90.50

9

0

2016

10

83

7

0

2017

8

92

0

0

Figure ZD03-2: Share of hospitalized children, 0 - 14 years old, due to respiratory diseases, Slovenia, administrative unit of birth, 2009-2017
Sources: 

NIJZ (Collection of hospital treatments), 2018; SURS (Population by selected administrative units), 2018

Show data

Ljubljana

Maribor

Celje

Murska Sobota

Nova Gorica

Trbovlje

Zagorje ob Savi

2009

2.87

3.83

6.00

5.58

4.04

4.35

3.27

2010

3.17

4.09

5.68

5.05

4.36

3.44

3.96

2011

2.82

3.21

4.71

5.12

4.87

3.66

3.01

2012

3.10

2.90

4.40

4

4.20

3.30

2.50

2013

3.10

3.40

4.90

4.50

4.90

3.40

3.50

2014

3.20

3.10

4.70

5.30

7.40

4.40

4.30

2015

2.40

2.50

4.20

4.50

6.10

3.90

3.70

2016

2.50

2.70

3.70

4

5.60

4

3.70

2017

2.30

2.70

3.80

4.30

4.40

4.30

3.80

Figure ZD03-3: Exposure of people to PM10 , 2003-2015, EU (annual limit value for protection health is 20 µg/m3, for environment protection is 40 µg/m3)
Sources: 

EUROSTAT, 2018

Show data

EU-28

Belgium

Bulgaria

Denmark

Germany

Italy

Hungary

Slovenia

United Kingdom

Norway

2003

30

36

59

25

29

34

34

44

26

20

2005

28

30

49

24

24

39

39

37

23

22

2007

28

26

54

23

23

36

32

32

24

20

2009

26.50

29

54

17

22.50

33.20

29.70

27.50

19.30

19.10

2010

26.20

27

48.40

12.10

23.10

30.40

31.30

28.20

17.80

19.70

2011

27.30

26.70

57.30

0

22.90

35.40

33.30

31

21.70

19.60

2012

24.80

24.80

45.90

17.40

19.80

30.70

28.80

25.40

18.30

16

2013

24

25

43.70

15.90

20.30

30.30

27.30

24.90

17.90

16.70

2014

22.50

22.30

41.20

18.70

20.10

26.80

28.20

22.50

17.70

15.10

2015

22.80

21

36.20

18.30

18.80

30.70

26.90

27.40

16.40

13.90

Figure ZD03-4: Percentage of children exposed to PM10 living in big cities in selected European countries, for 2009 (annual limit value for protection health is 20 µg/m3, for environment protection is 40 µg/m3)
Sources: 

ENHIS, 2011.

Show data

PM10 < 15 µg/m3

PM10 < 20 µg/m3

PM10 < 30 µg/m3

PM10 < 40 µg/m3

PM10 < 50 µg/m3

PM10 < 60 µg/m3

PM10 > 60 µg/m3

Iceland

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

Finland

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

Ireland

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

Estonia

83

17

0

0

0

0

0

Sweden

55

45

0

0

0

0

0

Denmark

0

100

0

0

0

0

0

Norway

49

51

0

0

0

0

0

United Kingdom

9

85

6

0

0

0

0

Switzerland

0

73

27

0

0

0

0

Germany

2

52

46

0

0

0

0

Belarus

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Portugal

0

15

81

4

0

0

0

Latvia

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

Slovenia

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

Lithuania

0

82

18

0

0

0

0

Luxembourg

0

100

0

0

0

0

0

Austria

0

6

94

0

0

0

0

Netherlands

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

Hungary

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

Belgium

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

Slovakia

0

0

52

48

0

0

0

Czech Republic

0

2

77.00

16

5

0

0

France

1

13

77

9

0

0

0

Spain

3

16

71

9

1

0

0

Romania

0

0

39

61

0

0

0

Russia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Italy

2

12

48

18

22

0

0

Albania

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Poland

0.50

1.50

26

46

18

10

0

Serbia

0

0

0

15

85

0

0

Bulgaria

0

0

0

9

79

12

0

Turkey

0

0.50

0.50

0.50

12.50

52

34

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

-

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Europe

4

20

37

10

8

13

8


Figure ZD03-5: Path of the particles through the respiratory tract

Source: CEHAP, 2004

 

 


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