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The area included in the implementation of agri-environmental measures expanded markedly after 1999, covering 254,772 ha (gross) in 2014. The proportion of the area with one or several agri-environmental measures (net area) to the total utilised agricultural area increased from 0.6% in 1999 to 39.2% in 2014. In 2015, agri-environmental measures started to be carried out in accordance with the new programme, on the gross area of 317,458 ha.


This indicator presents the area included in the implementation of agri-environmental measures in Slovenia and the EU in the period 1999–2015. It shows the areas that obtained support for the implementation of individual environmental measures in line with regulations on the implementation of agricultural policy in a particular year. As several agri-environmental measures can be implemented on the same land, the base unit is gross land area. The relative aggregate indicator is the share of land area subject to these measures in the total utilised agricultural area. In calculating the relative indicator, data on net land area is used (without doubling those where several measures are being applied), which is comparable with the definition used for calculating the indicator within the EU. This indicator does not provide direct information on the environmental efficiency of measures. It does, however, show the response of agricultural holdings to agricultural policy supporting environmentally-friendly production methods.


Charts

Figure KM03-1: Area under agri-environment support in Slovenia, 1992-2015
Sources: 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016; Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016.
Note to table KM3-1: The new program is not directly comparable with the previous periods.

Show data
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Gross UAA under agri-environmental measures ha 2948 6299 90486 112452 134174 235254 273593 285136 328365 323043
Net UAA under agri-environmental measures ha 2948 6299 90486 - - 177682 203648 215268 241291 247420
Organic farming ha 355 3010 8330 11812 16275 15478 20477 24446 26496 26690
Input reduction, crop rotation, extensification ha 2593 3289 7957 13117 15799 68529 99371 108208 133727 136538
Crop rotation stabilisation ha - - 328 1640 1794 6961 12988 12732 17623 18072
Greening of arable land ha - - - 2743 4245 25826 40952 46209 60152 60172
Non-overwintering crops ha - - - - - - - - - -
Integrated arable crop production ha - - - - - 24343 31692 35692 41565 44295
Integrated horticulture ha 177 334 448 568 657 889 930 1009 976 956
Arable farming and vegetable cultivation ha - - - - - - - - - -
Hop growing ha - - - - - - - - - -
Permanent green cover in groundwater protected areas ha - - - - 7 463 1199 1020 1084 861
Water sources ha - - - - - - - - - -
Integrated vine production ha - - 4107 5350 5875 6563 7922 8118 8636 8616
Protection against erosion in orchards and vineyards ha - - - - - 304 282 228 151 152
Wine growing ha - - - - - - - - - -
Integrated fruit production ha 2416 2955 3074 2815 3221 3180 3406 3200 3540 3415
Fruit growing ha - - - - - - - - - -
Lanscape and biodiversity enhancement ha - - 74199 87524 102100 151247 153744 152482 168142 159814
Permanent grassland I ha - - - - - - - - - -
Permanent grassland II ha - - - - - - - - - -
Sustainable animal breeding ha - - 63624 67072 75602 83515 93416 96156 104975 101280
Grassing and green fallow ha - - - - - - 4 6 - -
Revitalisation of agricultural land ha - - 487 145 31 - - - - -
Mauntain pastures ha - - 9744 9383 7290 8857 7989 5778 6496 5778
Steep slopes mowing ha - - - - - 25466 23477 22926 25267 25070
Humpy meadows mowing ha - - - - - 23 35 12 26 27
Restructuring of animal husbandry in the central areas of appearance of large cornivores ha - 10449 14485 13010 8033 8230 9204 7635
Extensive grassland maintanance ha - - - - 4173 14954 13632 12479 14369 13026
Maintanance of extensive Karst pastures ha - - - - - - - - - -
Preservation of special grassland habitats ha - - - - - 171 546 720 602 628
Bird conservation in humid extensive meadows in Natura 2000 sites ha - - - - - - - 308 317
Preservation of litter meadows ha - - - - - - - - 21 25
Preservation of grassland habitats of butterflies ha - - - - - - - - 113 120
Meadow orchards ha - - 344 475 519 692 677 663 879 837
Conservation of steep vineyards ha - - - - - - - - - -
Production of traditional and regionally rare agricultural plants ha - - - - - 4559 5935 5512 5881 5071
Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (net) % 1 1 18 : : 36 40 44 48 50
Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (total) % 1 1 18 22 26 48 54 58 66 66
Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total ha 498591 508960 509624 505462 509709 490520 508759 490318 498466 492424
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015*
Gross UAA under agri-environmental measures ha 284721 278322 282121 263630 : 254772 317458
Net UAA under agri-environmental measures ha 212939 197662 - - : 188975
Organic farming ha 24690 28758 29902 33132 : 38069 39378
Input reduction, crop rotation, extensification ha 135027 133957 135551 134665 : 130258 242362
Crop rotation stabilisation ha 18387 17782 18035 17100 : 16837 -
Greening of arable land ha 60321 59085 60423 59806 : 57120 -
Non-overwintering crops ha - - - 1275 : 1407 -
Integrated arable crop production ha 43382 44555 44683 45156 : 44557 -
Integrated horticulture ha 794 788 757 697 : 600 -
Arable farming and vegetable cultivation ha - - - - - - 160711
Hop growing ha - - - - - - 1678
Permanent green cover in groundwater protected areas ha 740 604 599 240 : 206 -
Water sources ha - - - - - - 70647
Integrated vine production ha 8263 8054 7988 7603 : 7004 -
Protection against erosion in orchards and vineyards ha 49 - - - - - -
Wine growing ha - - - - - - 6788
Integrated fruit production ha 3091 3089 3068 2787 : 2527 -
Fruit growing ha - - - - - - 2538
Lanscape and biodiversity enhancement ha 125003 115607 116668 95833 : 86445 35718
Permanent grassland I ha - - - - - - 1956
Permanent grassland II ha - - - - - - 6677
Sustainable animal breeding ha 78641 70444 70832 59283 : 52370
Grassing and green fallow ha - - - - - - -
Revitalisation of agricultural land ha - - - - - - -
Mauntain pastures ha 4203 4428 4596 4170 : 4163 5300
Steep slopes mowing ha 19839 17823 17809 12466 : 11996 350
Humpy meadows mowing ha 24 22 22 19 : 19 12
Restructuring of animal husbandry in the central areas of appearance of large cornivores ha 7012 7314 7459 6738 : 6252 1061
Extensive grassland maintanance ha 8275 7109 7268 5719 : 4543 -
Maintanance of extensive Karst pastures ha - 419 387 434 : 450 -
Preservation of special grassland habitats ha 618 622 604 615 : 659 8027
Bird conservation in humid extensive meadows in Natura 2000 sites ha 371 373 383 363 : 405 1412
Preservation of litter meadows ha 36 40 32 40 : 26 25
Preservation of grassland habitats of butterflies ha 140 224 218 270 : 296 830
Meadow orchards ha 648 610 604 456 : 420 617
Conservation of steep vineyards ha - 1592 1603 1656 : 1590 -
Production of traditional and regionally rare agricultural plants ha 5196 4588 4851 3605 : 3256 9451
Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (net) % 45 41 : : : 39 :
Share of UAA under agri-environmental measures (total) % 61 58 62 55 : 53 67
Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total ha 468496 482653 458195 479653 478888 482218 476861
Figure KM03-2: The share of area subject to at least one agri-environmental measure in total utilised agricultural area in EU-27 in 2014
Sources: 

European rural network, 2016; EUROSTAT, 2016; Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016; Statistical office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016.

Show data
Greece Denmark Cyprus Lithuania Latvia Netherlands Belgium Romania Bulgaria Malata
2014 % 2 6 9 10 13 13 15 16 17 17
Poland Slovakia Hingary France Italy Spain Portugal Czech Republic Germany Slovenia
2014 % 18 19 22 22 23 23 30 31 31 39
United Kingdom Ireland Estonia Sweden Austria Luxembourg Finland EU-27
2014 % 40 50 56 62 81 90 93 26

Goals

  • By 2013, to implement agri-environmental measures on 365,000 hectares of utilised agricultural land (gross area), with at least one agri-environmental measure on 204,000 hectares (net area) (Rural Development Programme for the period 2007–2013).
  • By 2020, to implement agri-environmental measures on 426,000 hectares of utilised agricultural land and organic farming on 55,000 hectares (in total, of 481,000 hectares of gross area) (Rural Development Programme for the period 2007–2013).

 


The measures of agri-environmental programmes with various forms of support encourage the preservation or transition to more environmentally-friendly ways of production, thus improving the quality of soil and water, preserving the fertility of soil, biodiversity, the traditional rural landscape, and, consequently, sustainable use of natural sources. Farmers join the programme on a voluntary basis and implement the measures on part of or on their entire farm holding. By signing a special agreement, they undertake to run production within a minimum period of time (five years as a rule) in line with the conditions prescribed for individual measures requiring more than just respecting the usual principles of good agricultural practice. By joining the agri-environmental programme, they are entitled to direct payments to cover additional costs, or compensation for the loss of income due to more demanding farming methods.

Agricultural policy supporting environmentally-friendly ways of production was first applied in 1999, and, to a larger extent, after the adoption of the Slovenian agri-environmental programme in 2001. In the first year (2001), ten measures were implemented, and in the years that followed, their number increased to more than 20. After joining the EU in 2004, support under the agri-environmental programme became part of the Rural Development Programme of the Republic of Slovenia (2004–2006, 2007–2013 and 2014–2020). Implementation of measures under the new programme began in 2015 and will be in place for the period until 2020. New agri-environment-climate payments follow similar goals as the measures in the preceding periods. They are carried out within 19 measures, which include more than 50 compulsory and elective claims. In the new period, the organic farming scheme is carried out as a separate measure. Due to the differences in the types and number of measures, the area of agricultural land included in agri-environmental measures in 2015 is not directly comparable with the previous years.

The area included in the agri-environmental scheme has increased significantly since 1999. In 1999, these measures were implemented on 2,948 ha, in 2004 on 235,254 ha and on 328,364 ha in 2007, which was the first year of the 2007–2013 period. In 2014, the area under the agri-environmental scheme amounted to 254,772 ha. The reduction of the area when compared to 2007 is largely a consequence of gradual termination of five-year commitments that had been taken on in the preceding programming period and restrictions in assuming new commitments after 2008. In 2015, agri-environmental measures were implemented on 317,458 ha of agricultural land (gross area). The percentage of utilised agricultural land on which at least one agri-environmental measure was being implemented (net area) increased from 0.6% in 1999 to 39.2% in 2014. Comparison with data for other EU Member States shows that the percentage of agricultural land under agri-environmental measures is relatively high in Slovenia. However, it is much lower than in e.g. Finland, Luxembourg and Austria, where it exceeded 80% in 1994.

 

 

 

 



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