KAZALCI OKOLJA

You are here

Key message
Neutral

The export of waste from Slovenia has been increasing sharply in recent years; since 2009 (after the peak in 2008), the increase has been more than threefold. In 2018, slightly less than 400 thousand tonnes of waste was exported, mostly to Austria and Hungary. The import of waste has been rather stable. In 2018, around 90 thousand tonnes of waste was imported.


This indicator shows the annual quantity of hazardous or non-hazardous waste exported from and imported to Slovenia, for which approval must be obtained. The terms 'export' and 'import' are used for transboundary shipments of waste regardless of whether or not they concern shipments within or outside the European Union.

Transboundary shipping of waste is governed by the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia – International Agreements, Nos. 15/93, 2/00 and 23/04), and Regulation (EC) No. 1013/06 on shipments of waste (OJ L, No. 190/06). The Regulation implements the Basel Convention, the OECD Council Decision on the control of transboundary movements of wastes, and the Lomé Convention.

Import of waste to Slovenia for the purpose of depositing into or onto land is prohibited. This is only allowed when such waste will be safely recovered and disposed of in some other manner and when sufficient technical capacities are available. Export of waste from Slovenia for disposal purposes is only allowed when sufficient technical capacities and facilities required for harmless disposal are not available in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia or when such export is not in conflict with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No. 1013/06.


Charts

Figure OD04-1: The quantity of waste imported to and exported from Slovenia
Sources: 

Transboundary Shipment of Waste Database, Inspectorate of environment and spatial planning, 2020 

Show data

import[1000 t]

export[1000 t]

1995

22.12

1.55

1996

21.41

5.53

1997

19.51

2.14

1998

13.36

3.17

1999

18.44

2.96

2000

22.33

4.70

2001

20.50

7.89

2002

20.89

10.73

2003

23.19

14.69

2004

25.60

18.40

2005

23.10

24.90

2006

22.90

39.80

2007

27.40

69.70

2008

22.13

102.66

2009

27.53

76.76

2010

38.01

103.69

2011

41.28

115.48

2012

37.29

178.38

2013

34.31

191.76

2014

37.45

228.25

2015

40.58

237.71

2016

36.98

246.78

2017

49.40

319.49

2018

88.93

389.42

Figure OD04-2: The amount of exported waste from Slovenia regarding the country of waste import
Sources: 

Transboundary Shipment of Waste Database, Inspectorate of environment and spatial planning, 2020 

Show data

2007[t]

2007[%]

2008[t]

2008[%]

2009[t]

2009[%]

2010[t]

2010[%]

2011[t]

2011[%]

2012[t]

2012[%]

2013[t]

2013[%]

2014[t]

2014[%]

2015[t]

2015[%]

2016[t]

2016[%]

2017[t]

2017[%]

2018[t]

2018[%]

Austria

29325.70

42.08

35323.11

34.42

22520.58

29.34

27437.14

26.43

51115.00

44.61

87447.07

49.02

90558.18

47.23

113621.16

49.76

109984.70

46.26

130352.31

52.82

143244.52

44.84

131258.86

33.71

Germany

26194.72

37.59

24089.09

23.47

6161.24

8.03

10018.20

9.65

16198.89

14.14

18859.82

10.57

17634.84

9.20

18297.38

8.01

20010.85

8.42

12889.90

5.22

11592.78

3.63

12736.17

3.27

Hungary

13299.21

19.08

18946.08

18.46

23752.07

30.94

28289.23

27.26

37119.78

32.40

56118.99

31.46

67710.47

35.31

85395.82

37.40

94308.73

39.67

84030.50

34.05

133900.73

41.91

188808.67

48.48

Croatia

16715.71

16.29

14627.40

19.06

28510.52

27.47

1886.20

1.65

0

0

0

2337.10

0.98

4022.06

1.63

1712.73

0.54

5172.31

1.33

Bosnia and Herzegovina

3390.42

3.30

0

0

0

0

0

0

2820.43

0.88

15098.22

3.88

Serbia

2815.69

2.74

2447.01

3.19

3582.06

3.45

1751.80

1.53

1651.42

0.93

0

0

0

Poland

763.12

1.10

1269.28

1.24

7191.52

9.37

5724.88

5.52

5903.52

5.15

5790.43

3.25

6530.53

3.41

9073.93

3.97

10258.53

4.32

10649.89

4.32

13577.74

4.25

12598.82

3.24

France

80.39

0.12

61.74

0.08

42.62

0.04

1175.00

0.15

43.09

0.02

96.24

0.05

138.50

0.06

0

299.73

0.12

371.05

0.12

297.62

0.08

Romania

25.02

0.04

73.59

0.07

0

0

185.72

0.10

0

0

0

Italy

187.19

0.18

401.47

0.35

612.06

0.34

312.46

0.16

510.73

0.22

659.58

0.28

737.04

0.30

823.79

0.26

6103.81

1.57

Sweden

53.61

0.03

0

0

0

Slovakia

7619.45

4.27

8843.30

4.61

1286.83

0.56

0

3753.60

1.52

11446.36

3.58

17348.82

4.46

Bulgaria

0

70.72

0.04

0

0

49.42

0.02

Czechie

178.10

0.07

Figure OD04-3: The amount of imported waste to Slovenia regarding the country of waste export
Sources: 

Transboundary Shipment of Waste Database, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2020 (26. 05. 2021)

Show data
2007[t]2007[%]2008[t]2008[%]2009[t]2009[%]2010[t]2010[%]2011[t]2011[%]2012[t]2012[%]2013[t]2013[%]2014[t]2014[%]2015[t]2015[%]2016[t]2016[%]2017[t]2017[%]2018[t]2018[%]
Hungary13072.6147.738967.9040.529214.5433.4710131.1226.656642.0516.097403.4319.857480.3421.808850.1623.639762.5524.065503.4214.884762.179.643751.644.22
Croatia7531.0127.495562.5325.134753.9217.276361.7316.745963.6814.505532.0814.845171.8015.074951.7513.223140.697.742145.905.803854.657.804019.404.52
Montenegro002155.139.741451.785.271446.763.811589.923.851648.334.421588.634.632102.325.611479.363.651401.753.79679.891.38513.790.58
Italy738.682.701673.837.566477.0023.5212219.7032.1516795.5240.6914798.5639.6811414.1033.278763.8123.4010295.5625.3714396.0738.9325453.7551.5262202.5969.95
Macedonia2018.857.371591.817.191189.604.321402.843.691274.053.09734.801.97000
Bosnia and Herzegovina3656.7813.351280.195.782069.087.511993.895.253272.987.932651.207.113410.069.944717.2312.605436.1413.402805.327.593328.456.742895.553.26
Germany373.421.36811.763.672284.948.301369.793.601655.714.011459.833.911486.364.331530.944.091857.574.582574.686.962817.175.704765.075.36
Sweden0091.470.4192.940.3485.460.2294.690.32228.170.61223.530.65114.980.31183.910.45136.960.37138.860.28140.310.16
Austria003992.929.672833.787.602465.127.180637.111.571786.154.834247.698.605060.525.69
France000639.691.8600673.201.36941.561.06
Serbia00069.640.204583.0412.245898.8614.544407.2011.922718.835.503420.023.85
Netherlands000361.861.051312.873.511629.894.021757.964.75342.550.691124.561.26
Belgium1880.500
Spain330.780.88253.490.62
Poland61.230.17385.990.7892.350.10
Figure OD04-4: Waste treatment of imported and exported waste from Slovenia
Sources: 

Transboundary Shipment of Waste Database, Inspectorate of environment and spatial planning, 2020 

Show data

IMPORT - recovery[t]

IMPORT - recovery[%]

IMPORT - disposal[t]

IMPORT - disposal[%]

EXPORT - recovery[t]

EXPORT - recovery[%]

EXPORT - disposal[t]

EXPORT - disposal[%]

2007

27391.35

100

0

0

54164.68

77.72

15523.47

22.28

2008

22134.62

100

0

0

72843.85

70.98

29779.11

29.02

2009

27534.05

100

0

0

61142.59

79.65

15618.97

20.35

2010

38011.43

100

0

0

84946.23

81.84

18845.62

18.16

2011

41281.52

100

0

0

90939.15

79.37

23635.95

20.63

2012

37290.18

100

0

0

148143.97

83.05

30237.69

16.95

2013

34311.13

100

0

0

157659.38

82.22

34097.36

17.78

2014

37445.87

100

0

0

182800.13

80.06

45524.22

19.94

2015

40575.12

100

0

0

200011.73

84.08

37866.65

15.92

2016

36707.79

99.27

268.84

0.73

206862.84

83.82

39921

16.18

2017

48932.45

99.05

470.74

0.95

285043.08

89.22

34447.06

10.78

2018

88474.13

99.49

453.22

0.51

359180.70

92.23

30242.60

7.77


Goals

·         To ensure Slovenia’s recovery capacities and capacities for disposal – the principle of self-sufficiency;

·         to properly monitor the shipping of waste, including the certificate on final recovery or disposal of waste;

·         to ensure a high level of environmental protection and protection of human health;

·         to limit the transboundary shipment of waste to a minimum level that still enables environmentally sound waste management;

·         to ensure that waste is recovered and disposed of in an environmentally sound manner and as close as possible to its place of origin and to give resource recovery priority over disposal;

·         to limit generation of hazardous waste to the lowest possible level (in terms of quantity as well as level of harmfulness);

·         to prevent illegal shipments of waste;

·         to ensure final disposal and recovery of hazardous waste, and to use infrastructure within the EU when national facilities are insufficient or non-existent.

 


The objectives have been taken from the Operational Programme on waste deposition aiming at the reduction of deposited quantities of biodegradable waste (Novelation of March 2008, pages 39 and 40), the National Environmental Action Plan 2005-2012 (Chapter 4.4.1) and the Basel Convention.

The data have been collected on the basis of the legislation in force, i.e. the Basle Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia – International Agreements, Nos. 15/93, 2/00 and 23/04) and the EU legislation. EU Legislation was modified in 2006.

Regulation (EC) No. 259/93 was replaced by Regulation (EC) No. 1013/06 which became effective in mid 2007. Also implemented was Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1418/07 concerning the export for recovery of certain waste listed in Annex III or IIIA to Regulation (EC) No. 1013/06 of the European Parliament and of the Council to certain countries to which the OECD Decision on the control of transboundary movements of wastes does not apply.

Wastes which require approval for import or export are, according to the Act Ratifying the Basle Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia – International Agreements, Nos. 15/93, 2/00 and 23/04) – defined as wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I to the Basle Convention, unless they do not have any of the characteristics contained in Annex III to the Basle Convention (show no hazardous properties), and – wastes that are not covered under the first paragraph (show no hazardous properties), but are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous waste by the domestic legislation of the country of export, import or transit. This means that, considering the provisions of the Basle Convention and of Regulation (EC) 1013/2006, these can also be wastes which do not show any hazardous properties, but approval is required for their transboundary movement, for example if a country desires stricter control over deliveries of paper, glass, tyres or similar.

Any waste treatment facility in the country of importation that recovers or disposes of wastes for which it has obtained all the necessary approvals for import, transit or export of waste is obliged to present to the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, to the competent body in the country of importation and in the country of transit, and to the supplier of wastes, a certificate of their disposal or recovery no later than within one year from the receipt of the shipment if the waste is subject to final procedures, or within two years from the receipt of shipment if the waste is subject to intermediary procedures of disposal/recovery. The form to be completed shows the date of shipment, delivery and receipt of waste by the provider of disposal or recovery, and the date of actual disposal/recovery of such waste, as well as the quantities of transported, delivered, received and disposed/recovered waste.

The data from transportation papers on the executed disposal/recovery of waste are entered into the database of transboundary shipments of wastes in which all issued approvals are also recorded. These data then constitute the basis for records on actually imported and exported quantities of waste under each issued approval, and for reporting to the Secretariat of the Basle Convention in accordance with its Articles 13 and 16, and to the European Commission in accordance with Article 51 of Regulation (EC) No. 1013/2006. Data on permitted transboundary shipments of waste acquired by such procedure is reliable and accurate.

Other sources and literature:
- EARS, 2008. Reports under the Basle Convention.
- MESP, 2008. Operational Programme on Waste Deposition.
- EEA (ETC/RWM), 2008. Transboundary shipments of waste in the EU (Developments 1995 – 2005 and possible drivers; Technical report 2008/1).
- IMPEL-TFS, 2006. IMPEL-TFS verification - 2 Project report: Is what you see, what you get?


Related indicators


SLEDI NAM

TWITTER