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Passenger car ownership, which is closely connected to the use of passenger cars, has been strongly increasing in Slovenia – in the last 20 years it has almost doubled. The motorisation level is exceeding the situation in numerous economically more developed EU countries.


The passenger car ownership or motorisation level is regularly expressed as the number of passenger cars per 1000 residents (EEA, 2006). Road motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver). The number of passenger cars is defined as vehicles, which were registered in the country on a specific day and may use the roads open for public transport (SORS, 2004). The indicator shows the development of the motorisation level in the period 1970-2007 in Slovenia and the motorisation level for 2003 and 2007 in EU countries.


Charts

Figure PR11-1: Trends in the number of cars and population
Sources: 

Research - Statistics, Council for Prevention and Road Safety, 2008, Statistical Yearbooks of the Republic of Slovenia 1993-2008, Statistical Office.

Show data
1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
number of inhabitants število 1717995 1729941 1741343 1753296 1766040 1778454 1786977 1799384 1810997 1824001
number of cars število 150807 177284 198493 227981 251110 270732 306015 323554 366394 389192
motorization level število osebnih avtomobilov/1000 prebivalcev 88 102 114 130 142 152 171 180 202 213
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
number of inhabitants število 1884477 1895264 1904805 1912374 1918482 1925022 1930506 1989462 1999988 1999404
number of cars število 416448 430132 448315 466003 489373 501538 490828 514850 548539 554592
motorization level število osebnih avtomobilov/1000 prebivalcev 221 227 235 244 255 261 254 259 274 277
1990 1991 1992* 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
number of inhabitants število 1999945 2001768 1994084 1989408 1989477 1983012 1981297 1979811 1978334 1987755
number of cars število 578268 594289 606245 650344 668307 711364 743057 776798 811671 846109
motorization level število osebnih avtomobilov/1000 prebivalcev 289 297 304 327 336 359 375 392 410 426
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
number of inhabitants število 1990094 1994026 1995033 1996433 1997590 2003358 2010377 2025866
number of cars število 866096 881487 894521 910429 933941 960213 980261 1014122
motorization level število osebnih avtomobilov/1000 prebivalcev 435 442 448 456 468 479 488 501
Figure PR11-2: The rate of motorization in European countries in 2003 and 2007
Sources: 

EU energy and transport in figures 2009, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport, 2009.

Show data
Romania Slovakia Bulgaria Hungary Denmark Poland Estonia Latvia Czech Republic Portugal
2003 number per 1000 inh. 142 252 296 275 351 294 321 280 363 379
2007 number per 1000 inh. 164 265 272 300 378 383 391 398 412 412
Greece Ireland Netherlands EU - 27 Sweden Spain Lithuania Belgium United Kingdom Finland
2003 number per 1000 inh. 348 379 425 436 454 441 365 464 452 436
2007 number per 1000 inh. 428 434 451 464 464 481 472 473 476 485
EU - 15 Slovenia Germany France Austria Cyprus Malta Italy Luxembourg
2003 number per 1000 inh. 481 456 485 506 498 414 522 593 645
2007 number per 1000 inh. 500 501 501 508 510 521 548 598 665

Goals

In Slovenia as well as in the EU and its Member States, objectives or target values regarding car ownership are not set. Countries consider car ownership in different ways – in the Scandinavian countries, where the public transport system provides the basic form of mobility, the passenger car is subject to a higher tax than in countries with a different transport policy.


The objectives regarding motorisation in the EU are, as a general rule, connected not only to the size of the vehicle fleet, but also to its structure – fuel consumption and emission standards of vehicles. However, certain Scandinavian countries consider a passenger car as a luxury product, since the basic form of mobility is provided by the public transport system. Therefore, the indicator indirectly also shows the transport policy of a country or region, since in some regions quality mobility is also successfully provided without passenger cars, which is why the vehicle fleet of these countries is significantly smaller.

Passenger car ownership is an indicator that is closely related to car use (and thus the volume of mobility) and - especially in urban areas - also to traffic congestion. The highest motorisation level is indicated normally in the most economically developed countries, such as Luxembourg and Italy, while in some of the wealthiest European countries (especially in Scandinavia) the motorisation level is much lower than the European average. The lowest motorisation level is indicated in countries that are economically least developed and have joined the EU in the recent period (for example, Romania, Slovakia and Bulgaria). In the period 2003-2007, the motorisation level increased in all of the EU-27 countries (excluding Bulgaria). The largest increase was recorded in some countries which entered the EU in 2004; this especially applies to the Baltic countries, Cyprus and Poland. Some of these countries have in this sector already overtaken the economically more developed countries (for example, Belgium, Sweden, Holland).

Slovenia, which has been strongly exceeding the average of all new Member States and EU candidates (excluding Malta and Cyprus), also belongs to the countries with the highest increase of passenger car ownership in the considered period. Despite the high level of growth in the past, the market of passenger cars in Slovenia does not show signs of saturation, since the number of registered vehicles has again increased in recent years after the extreme peak in 1999 (due to the introduction of VAT) and later decrease. Due to the transport policy of the state and urban areas, favourable to passenger cars, which is noticeable in accelerated investments in road infrastructure, non-competitive services of public transport and changes in the spatial planning of Slovenia (sub-urbanisation, based on the accessibility with passenger cars), a large share of the population decides to satisfy their needs of transport by passenger cars. In 2002, an average Slovenian household (2.8 members) had more than one car (in 2002, 1.25, and in 1991 0.94) (SORS, 2009a).


Data for Slovenia:

Objectives summarised by: /
Source database or source:
- Research - statistics (7 August 2008)
- Statistical Yearbooks of the Republic of Slovenia 1993–2008 (20 July 2009)
Data administrator:
- Road Safety Council (SPVCP)
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SORS)
Date of acquisition for this indicator: 20 July 2009
Methodology and frequency of data collection for the indicator: Until 1991, the indicator considers the data of the Road Safety Council, the source of which is the Ministry of the Interior. Since 1991, the indicator is based on the data of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, which publishes data in its regular annual publication the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Slovenia.
Data processing methodology: In the data of the Road Safety Council, a passenger car is defined as a motor vehicle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than eight persons (including the driver) (Road Traffic Safety Act, 2004); the data of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia includes in the category of passenger cars also vehicles from the category of M1 vehicles (motor vehicles with at least four wheels, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than eight persons (including the driver)) without special personal vehicles (personal vehicles designed for special purposes and not for the transport of passengers; for example, fire-fighting vehicles, ambulances, funeral vehicles, etc.) (SORS, 2009b).
Information concerning data quality:
- Advantages and disadvantages(at data level): The indicator shows the data series for more decades, which is a rarity for this type of data; however, with a data break in 1992.
- Relevance, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty: The data is considered as fairly reliable and accurate.
Reliability of the indicator (archive data): The data refers to a longer time period.
Uncertainty of the indicator (scenarios/projections): Projections have not been prepared.
- Overall assessment (1 = no major comments, 3 = data to be considered with reservation): 1
Relevance: 1
Accuracy: 1
Completeness over time: 2 (data break in 1992)
Completeness over space: 1

Data for other countries:

Source database or source: EU Energy and Transport in figures 2009 (17 July 2009)
Data administrator: European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport
Date of acquisition for this indicator: 17 July 2009
Methodology and frequency of data collection for the indicator: The indicator for other European countries shows the data published by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport in the regular annual serial publication EU Energy and Transport in figures.
Data processing methodology: /
Geographical coverage: The EU-27 includes the EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The EU-15 is composed of the older EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Data processing methodology:/
Information concerning data quality:
The publication does not contain any detailed information on the quality of the data.
- Advantages and disadvantages (at data level): /
- Relevance, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty: /
Reliability of the indicator (archive data): The data refers to a longer time period.
Uncertainty of the indicator (scenarios/projections): Projections have not been prepared.
- Overall assessment (1 = no major comments, 3 = data to be considered with reservation): /
Relevance: /
Accuracy: /
Completeness over time: /
Completeness over space: /

Other sources and literature:
- EEA, 2006. TERM 2006 32 – Size and composition of the vehicle fleet. Indicator fact sheet. European Environment Agency.
- SORS, 2004. Glossary for transport statistics. (UNECE, ECMT and EUROSTAT). Ljubljana, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (20 July 2009).
- SORS, 2009a. Data from the survey 2002 and survey 1991 (20 September 2009).
- SORS, 2009b. Registered road vehicles. Methodological explanations (20 September 2009).
- Road Traffic Safety Act. OG RS, no. 84/2004.


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