KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common vector-transmitted infectious disease (i.e. disease transmitted by vectors) in Slovenia. From 3,000 to over 6,000 patients with LB were registred from 2005 to 2014 in Slovenia. Since the introduction of statutory registration of LB, incidence rate is increasing and is one of the highest in comparison with other EU countries or United States. The increase reflects better recognition of the disease, awareness of the general population about symptoms and signs consistent with LB and other biotic and abiotic factors whose impact is more difficult to assess. We assume that the lifestyle i.e. living or working in environment where there is a possibility of infection, is equally if not more important than the density of ticks and environmental factors, which will should be studied in near future. Over the past decade climate change (the increase in the average air temperature) might had an impact on increase in incidence rates of LB.



Charts

Figure ZD25-1: Data on reported cases of Lyme disease in Slovenia in the period 2005 to 2013
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health, 2005-2014

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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
reported cases number of reported cases 3707 3995 4364 3773 5092 6220 4917 5552 4943 6938
Figure ZD25-2: The average incidence rate of reported cases of Lyme disease by age group and gender, Slovenia in the period 2005 to 2013
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health of RS, 2005-2014

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0-4 5 - 9 10 - 14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49
Man Incidence rate/100.000 inh. 264.3 352.7 180.4 118.8 130.4 136 162.4 187.7 228.5 250.2
Woman Incidence rate/100.000 inh. 263.7 302.8 144.6 117.5 110.6 130.5 158.9 194.5 264.8 330
50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85+ Starost - SKUPAJ
Man Incidence rate/100.000 inh. 268.5 292.6 305.3 268 235.7 173.4 113.2 75.5 216.7
Woman Incidence rate/100.000 inh. 422.4 507.6 502.2 448.6 308.6 196.8 105.9 41.8 266.6

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