Natura 2000 sites were established in 2004 and occupy almost 7203 km2 or 35.5% of the Slovenian territory. Additional areas that according to the European Commission fulfil the conditions for Special Protection Areas, the so-called SPA add-ons, which occupy an additional 1.7% of the surface area, were designated in May 2008.
The Natura 2000 sites form a constituent part of ecologically important areas (EIA), that is areas of significant habitat types, parts thereof or larger ecosystem units, which significantly contribute to the preservation of biodiversity. Ecologically important areas occupy 52.2% of the Republic of Slovenia.
The indicator shows the Natura 2000 network and represents those areas which are most suitable for the preservation or achievement of a favourable state of species and habitats in the EU's and Slovenia's interests. Protection measures and measures for modified use of natural assets are foreseen in these areas.
The Natura 2000 areas (the EU's ecological network) have been designated by means of the Decree on special protection areas (Natura 2000 areas), OG of the RS, Nos. 49/04, 110/04, 59/07. Sites of Community Interest (SCI) have been defined on the basis of the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC) and Special Protection Areas (SPA) have been designated on the basis of the Birds Directive (Council Directive 79/409/EEC). SPA and SCI areas partially overlap.
Register of Natura 2000 areas, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008, Natura 2000 Barometer, European Topic Centre for Biodiversity, 2008.
Register of Natura 2000 areas, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008, Register of ecologically important areas, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2005.
|Ecologically important areas (EPO – no overlapping)||%||15.03|
|Ecologically important areas (EPO – no overlapping)||ha||304799.97|
To prepare and adopt an operational program – action plan for preserving biodiversity by means of the Natura 2000 Site Management Programme (Resolution on National Environmental Action Plan, 2005) in order to establish a system for Natura 2000 site management.
In October 2007, the Government of the RS adopted an operational programme, the Natura 2000 Site Management Programme 2007 – 2013, containing certain protection measures which are essential for the preservation of a favourable state of animal and plant species as well as habitat types and are aimed at achieving protection goals.
Data for Slovenia:
Register of Natura 2000 areas, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008 (as of June 30th, 2008)
Register of ecologically important areas, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, 2005
Data on Natura 2000 areas are managed in the database Register of Natura 2000 areas in the framework of registers of areas which are significant for maintaining biodiversity. The data are maintained by the Nature Conservation Sector of the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of Article 34 of the Nature Conservation Act (NCA-OCT1, OG of the RS, No. 96/04) and Article 5 of the Decree on special protection areas (Natura 2000 areas) (OG of the RS, Nos. 49/04, 110/04, 59/07 and 43/08). As part of these records the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia also maintains the register of ecologically important areas on the basis of Article 4 of the Decree on ecologically important areas (OG of the RS, No. 48/04).
Data for other countries:
Natura 2000 Barometer, European Topic Centre for Biodiversity