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Due to high levels of lead in the environment has been an area of ​​Upper Mežica Valley in 2007 proclaimed as a brownfield site and receive special rehabilitation with the aim to protect human health, especially children. The data show that the burden of children with lead improves in Upper Mežica Valley, although decline was less than at the beginning of the program. For further improvement will be the key appropriate measures implemented, improving the living environment and the continued maintenance of progress. In the future it will be required more targeted work with smaller groups and individual children, in which will be found an increased risk of lead and individual-oriented advice in favor of improving the state of lead in the blood of a child.



Charts

Figure ZD17-1: Share of blood samples of three-year child living in the Upper Mežica Valley according to lead content target value is 100 mg / l blood;
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2014

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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
number of children numb. 20 42 50 70 73 74 116 110 84 61
maximum level of lead µg/l 375 303 480 500 358 208 301 221 279 330
minimum level of lead µg/l 23 19 10 16 13 17 9 21 15 12
average lead µg/l 174.8 113.6 115.3 97.8 82.4 65.6 46.6 57.3 65.6 56.2
more than 100 µg/l % 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
50 µg/l or more and less than 100 µg/l % 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
less than 50 µg/l % 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7
Figure ZD17-2: Share of three-year old children from Upper and Lower Mežica Valley according to the level of lead in blood samples in 2013 (target value  is 100 mg / l blood);
Sources: 

National Institute of Pubilc Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2014

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Upper Mežica valley Lower Mežica valley
0-50 µg/l µg/l 40 88
50-100 µg/l µg/l 15 4
100-200 µg/l µg/l 3 1
200-300 µg/l µg/l 2 0
300-400 µg/l µg/l 1 0
number of children numb. 61 93
0-50 µg/l % 65 95
50-100 µg/l % 25 4
100-200 µg/l % 5 1
200-300 µg/l % 3 0
300-400 µg/l % 2 0
Figure ZD17-3: The proportion of children, aged 1-9 years, from the Upper Mežica Valley, according to the values ​​of lead in blood samples in  2013 (target value is 100 mg / l blood);
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2014

Show data
2008 2013
0-50 µg/l µg/l 100 180
50-100 µg/l µg/l 95 52
100-200 µg/l µg/l 39 12
200-300 µg/l µg/l 5 5
300-400 µg/l µg/l 3 1
number of children numb. 242 250
average - lead µg/l 73 47
maximum level of lead µg/l 393 330
0-50 µg/l % 41.3 72
50-100 µg/l % 39.3 20.8
100-200 µg/l % 16.1 4.8
200-300 µg/l % 2.1 2
300-400 µg/l % 1.2 0.4
Figure ZD17-4: Average levels of lead in blood of children from the Upper Mežica Valley in 2013 according to age groups (target value is 100 mg / l blood);
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2014

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1 to 2 years 2 to 3 years 3 to 4 years 4 to 5 years 5 to 6 years more than 6 years
number of children 2008 numb. 41 35 38 31 48 49
average lead 2008 µg/l 79 94 71 68 74 56
maximum level of lead 2008 µg/l 256 335 358 178 393 195
number of children 2013 numb. 31 26 35 51 46 33
average lead 2013 µg/l 56 57 56 43 47 35
maximum level of lead 2013 µg/l 227 330 212 192 232 127
Figure ZD17-5: Forecast of shares of children with increased levels of lead in the coming years (the recommended limit of 100 mg / liter of blood)
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2014

Show data
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
children with more than 100 µg/l % 85 55 50 46 21 18 9 9 14 10
2014 2015 2016 2017
children with more than 100 µg/l %
Figure ZD17-6: Measures to address identified increased levels of lead in the blood
Sources: 

National Institute of Public Health OE Ravne na Koroškem, 2010

Figure ZD17-7: The average of geometric levels of lead in blood of children (* arithmetic average) measured in children in some European countries for the period 1990-2008, with stated age of children
Sources: 

ENHIS; Levels of lead in children’s blood, december 2009.

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Romania, 1-9 years, 1999/00 Hungary, 4-6 years, 1996 Hungary, 4-6 years, 2006 Bulgaria, 6-15 years, 2003* Russia, 2-6 years, 1997 Russia, 8-9 years, 2003/05 Slovenia, 3 years, 2008 France, 1-6 years, 1995/96 France, 0,5-6 years, 2002/04 Poland, 8-13 years, 2000
lead exposure µg/l 104 61 19 58 56 30 47 37 24 36
Czech Republic, 8-11 years, 1996/01 Czech Republic, 8-10 years, 2006 Germany, 6-14 years, 1990/92 Germany, 3-14 years, 2003/06 Sweden, 3-19 years, 1991/94 Sweden, 7-11 years, 2007 Belgium, 14-15 years, 2003/04 Ukraine, 3-7 years, 1990/04
lead exposure µg/l 34 28 32 15 27 13 21 16
Figure ZD17-8: The average geometric levels of lead in blood of children (* arithmetic average) measured in children in some European countries in the period 1990-2007, with the stated age of children
Sources: 

ENHIS; Levels of lead in children’s blood, december 2009.

Show data
Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk II., 3-7 years, 1990-04* Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk I., 3-7 years, 1990-04* Bulgaria, Kuklen, 6-15 years, 1999/00 Bulgaria, Kuklen, 6-15 years, 2003 Bulgaria, Kurdzali, 6-15 years, 2003* TFYR Macedonia, Veles, 10-14 years, 2003* TFYR Macedonia, Veles, 10-14 years, 2004* Russia, Far East, 3-7 years, 2007/08* Russia, Lipezk, Gus, Podolsk, 5-7 years, 1998/04 Russia, Sverdlovsk Oblast, 3-7 years, 2007/08*
lead exposure µg/l 498 156 276 236 93 165 76 159 46 32
Poland, Silesia, 2-7 years, 1993/99 Poland, Legnica-Glogow, 8-13 years, 2000/03 Slovenia, Upper Mežica valley, 1-9 let, 2008 Madžarska, Heves County, 3-15 years, 2007
lead exposure µg/l 63 53 59 40

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