According to the indicator of the intensity of final energy consumption, Slovenia is below the EU-15 average. After a sharp decrease in 2006 and 2007, the intensity increased again in 2008. It decreased only in industry, while in other sectors it increased – the most in services, agriculture and transport.
The indicator final energy consumption is calculated as a ratio between final energy consumption and generated gross domestic product (GDP). The indicator of energy intensity shows how efficiently the Slovenian economy uses energy in creating production units. It is indicated in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe) per million EUR (mio €), which are expressed in fixed prices of the previous year, with the reference year being 2000 and the EUR/SIT exchange rate from 2000.
Final energy consumption is defined as the sum of energy in the final consumption sector – processing activities and construction, transport and wider consumption, including households, services and agriculture.
Gross domestic product is defined as the market value of all final products and services generated by the Slovenian economy in one year.
Jozef Stefan Institute, 2009.
|Energy intensity||toe/mio € 2000||215||226||227||228||245||240||223||213||206||208|
|Industry and construction||toe/mio € 2000||237||239||249||232||223||216||209||200||213||192|
|Transport||toe/mio € 2000||57||67||71||76||82||82||70||63||59||61|
|Households||toe/mio € 2000||514||562||557||597||528||542||526||558||572||570|
|Services and agriculture||toe/mio € 2000||29||32||28||29||71||68||72||72||56||71|
|Energy intensity||Index (1992 = 100)||100||105||106||106||114||112||104||99||96||97|
|Industry and construction||Index (1992 = 100)||100||101||105||98||94||91||88||84||90||81|
|Transport||Index (1992 = 100)||100||118||125||133||144||144||123||111||104||107|
|Households||Index (1992 = 100)||100||109||108||116||103||105||102||109||111||111|
|Services and agriculture||Index (1992 = 100)||100||110||97||100||245||234||248||248||193||245|
|Energy intensity||toe/mio € 2000||200||200||196||191||183||169||176|
|Industry and construction||toe/mio € 2000||177||206||200||205||196||170||155|
|Transport||toe/mio € 2000||60||59||59||60||59||63||71|
|Households||toe/mio € 2000||587||631||622||597||580||522||554|
|Services and agriculture||toe/mio € 2000||67||44||46||38||34||28||35|
|Energy intensity||Index (1992 = 100)||93||93||91||89||85||79||82|
|Industry and construction||Index (1992 = 100)||75||87||84||86||83||72||65|
|Transport||Index (1992 = 100)||105||104||104||105||104||111||125|
|Households||Index (1992 = 100)||114||123||121||116||113||102||108|
|Services and agriculture||Index (1992 = 100)||231||152||159||131||117||97||121|
Statistical Office of the RS, 2009; Jožef Stefan Institute, 2009.
|Households (inhabitants)||Index (2000=100)||100||100||103||110||109||104||101||91||97|
|Households (residental area)||Index (2000=100)||100||99||100||106||104||99||95||85||89|
|Households (inhabitants) (T correction)||Index (2000=100)||100||92||98||96||95||88||94||87||88|
|Households (residental area)(T correction)||Index (2000=100)||100||91||96||92||91||83||88||81||81|
Jozef Stefan Institute, 2009; Statistical Office of the RS, 2009.
|Energy intensity||Industry and construction||Transport||Households||Services and agriculture|
|EU-15||toe/mio EUR 2000||110||110||108||109||108||106||103||98|
|SI||toe/mio EUR 2001||207||208||199||199||195||191||182||168|
|EU-15||Index (2000 = 100)||100||100||98||100||98||96||93||90|
|SI||Index (2000 = 100)||100||100||96||96||94||92||88||81|
Slovenian energy policy stipulates a decrease in the economy's energy intensity; however, it does not stipulate specific objectives and mechanisms for the improvement of energy intensity. Specific objectives are defined only for energy efficiency, which is an important factor for the economy's energy intensity:
- 9 % savings of final energy in 2008-2016, in the area of final energy efficiency;
- savings of up to 20 % of energy until 2020.
Data for Slovenia and other countries
Objectives summarised by: Resolucija o Nacionalnem energetskem programu (ReNEP) (Resolution on the National Energy Programme, ReNEP, OG RS, No. 57/04) and proposal of the climate-energy package.
The data on final energy consumption are published on the SI-STAT Data Portal – Environment and natural resources – Energy – Energy balance and energy indicators.
The data on the gross domestic product (GDP) and added value in fixed prices of the previous year are published in the SI-STAT web application – Economy – National accounts – Gross domestic product.
The data for the EU were obtained from the Eurostat web pages.
Data administrator: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia and Eurostat.
Data acquisition date for the indicator: 5 December 2009
Methodology and frequency of data collection for the indicator: The data on final energy consumption, number of population and GDP are collected on an annual basis. The indicator is calculated on the basis of two sets of data. The data on final energy consumption are published by SORS on the SI-STAT Data Portal and were published on 29 September. The data on final energy consumption before 2000 were calculated from different sources (for a detailed description of the obtainment of data before 2000 see EN16 – Total energy consumption by fuel, chapter Methodology, Data for Slovenia, Qualitative information). The data on gross domestic product (GDP) and added value in fixed prices of the previous year, with the reference year being 2000 and the exchange rate being EUR/SIT2000 are published by SORS in their web pages since 1995. These are updated data (FISIM revision was implemented). The data on the GDP before 1995 are not published on the web pages of SORS, but can be obtained from SORS on the request of users. The data on population were obtained on the SI-STAT Data Portal and the data on the temperature deficit from the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia.
Sectoral intensities were defined in accordance with EEA definitions:
- The intensity of final energy consumption in industry is defined as a quotient of energy consumption in branches C, D, E and F of the NACE 2002 classification, in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent, and the sum of added values of the same branches in million EUR, in fixed prices of the previous year, with the reference year being 2000 and the exchange rate being EUR/SIT2000.
- The intensity of final energy consumption in transport is defined as a quotient of energy consumption in transport, in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent, and gross domestic product in million EUR, in fixed prices of the previous year, with the reference year being 2000 and the exchange rate being EUR/SIT 2000. The intensity of final energy in households is defined as a quotient of energy consumption in households, in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent and the number of population on 31 December.
- The intensity of final energy consumption in other sectors (services and agriculture) is defined as a quotient of the remaining energy consumption, in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent, and the sum of added values of the branches A, B and G-O of the NACE 2002 classification in million EUR, in fixed prices of the previous year, with the reference year being 2000 and the exchange rate being EUR/SIT 2000. The indicator provides a review of the situation and changes in energy intensity for Slovenia since 1992; namely, before that year the data on final energy consumption are not available.
Data processing methodology: The methodology of indicators of the intensity of final energy consumption in the data sheet is the same as the one used by the EEA.
The average annual changes are calculated as:
[(last year/last base year)(1/number of years)–1]*100.
The calculation of the share of an individual sector in the total indicator of energy intensity:
(final energy consumption in the sector/GDP).
The annual growth for the indicator is sometimes shown in percentage points. A percentage point is a unit used for the comparison of different rates of growth. A percentage point includes an absolute comparison calculated by the formula (nthis year)-(nlast year)=16 %–15 %=1 pp (for instance: if last year the growth was 15 % and this year 16 %, then this year the growth was higher by 1 percentage point). The difference in growth can also be expressed in a relative comparison using the formula [(nthis year/nlast year)*100]–100=[(16 %/15 %)*100]–100=6.7 %, where the growth is indicated in percentages.
Geographical coverage: The EU-15 is composed of older EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom.
Information concerning data quality:
- Advantages and disadvantages of the indicator: The source of basic data is SORS for the entire time series, which provides a more efficient and consistent analysis of an individual sector.
- Relevance, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty:
Reliability of the indicator (archive data): See the data sheet EN16 – Total energy consumption by fuel.
Uncertainty of the indicator (scenarios/projections): Scenarios and projections are not available.
- Overall assessment (1 = no major comments, 3 = data to be considered with reservation):
Completeness over time: 2
Completeness over space: 1
Other sources and literature:
- Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential; COM(2006)545 final; Brussels; 19 October 2006.
- Božičnik S., Letnik T., Cvahte J. Analysis of transit transport through the Republic of Slovenia and assessment of possible transport-political measures for its reduction, University of Maribor – Faculty of Civil Engineering, Maribor, 2006.
- COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS: Energy efficiency: delivering the 20 % target, European Commission, 2008.
- Resolucija o Nacionalnem energetskem programu (ReNEP) (Resolution on the National Energy Programme, Official Gazette of the RS, No. 57/04).
- Nacionalni akcijski načrt za energetsko učinkovitost (National efficiency energy action plan), MESP, 2008.