KAZALCI OKOLJA

You are here

Key message
Good

The import dependence of Slovenia has been decreasing in the past three years due to the reduction of use of imported solid fuels and natural gas, but also due to increase in statistical use of RES and the year without any refitting in NEK in the year 2011. The most problematic is the import dependence on gaseous fuels, since Slovenia is strongly dependant on imports from Russia and Algeria.


The indicator Energy Import Dependence analyses several aspects determining the reliability of energy supply:
• dispersion of energy imports by fuel (imports of fuel by countries),
• energy import dependence by fuel (percentage of imports of individual fuels),
• contribution of individual fuel to import dependence of a country (net import with regard to the total energy supply).

The indicator can be shown in relative (share of individual sectors in total final energy consumption) or absolute units. For the indication in absolute units, the thousand tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe) is used.


Charts

Figure EN25-1: The share of imported fossil fuels in total energy supply of Slovenia
Sources: 

Statistical Office of the RS, 2012; Jožef Stefan Institute, 2012.

Show data
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Solid fuels % 3.74 3.14 4.55 4.46 4.73 4.56 4.53 4.56 5.74 3.64
Crude oil % 2.46 0.07 0.07 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0 -0
Oil products % 33.47 34.72 34.39 34.68 34.74 34.79 34.5 34.48 39.15 35.46
Natural gas % 12.63 12.68 12.11 13.23 12.72 12.84 12.4 12.6 11.45 11.81
Import dependency in gross inland consumption % 52.3 50.61 51.11 52.36 52.18 52.19 51.42 51.64 56.33 50.9
2010 2011
Solid fuels % 3.91 3.58
Crude oil % -0.01 -0.01
Oil products % 34.84 34.98
Natural gas % 11.98 10.22
Import dependency in gross inland consumption % 50.73 48.78
Figure EN25-2: Import of liquid fuels by countries in period 2002-2011
Sources: 

Statistical Office of the RS, 2012; Jožef Stefan Institute, 2012.

Show data
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Cyprus ktoe 0 963.83 1134.28 1193.51 1073.54 1093.08 1398.53 1267.67 1226.37 1115.04
Austria ktoe 593.37 629.62 429.59 618.76 879.13 867.58 855.89 635.47 491.89 550.21
Italy ktoe 34.9 409.36 456.1 415.39 174.94 171.46 303.48 499.36 505.53 592.36
Non-specified/Other ktoe 1536.6 153.31 178.86 113.36 5.29 13.36 15.31 3.97 7.29 4.15
Hungary ktoe 69.62 106.26 133.8 147.47 115.54 112.32 126.71 119.52 133.89 143.62
UK ktoe 0 0 26.45 0 4.07 0 203.67 27.47 410.05 431.47
Switzerland ktoe 0 13.76 0 0 410.61 2.2 474.19 1.1 0 135.33
Croatia ktoe 145.58 152.46 137.98 80.34 113.56 40.1 17.82 17.66 38.07 14.35
Malta ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 541.57 27.47 30.52 30.52 33.58
United States ktoe 0 0 0 27.52 35.16 23.69 26.75 122.16 72.75 30.47
Germany ktoe 27.06 0 13.31 27.32 28.66 19.87 26.27 11.62 30.16 32.26
Greece ktoe 0 0 0 12.21 0 0 0 90.56 67.15 13.23
Russian Fed. ktoe 0 5.17 0 48.84 2.2 8.8 5.5 12.1 20.9 33.52
Bulgaria ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.8 39.68 54.73
Countries ktoe 11 12.1 33.55 15.58 31.59 17.11 42.74 71.88 60.65 89.32
Israel ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.04 72.31 0
Latvia ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 33.58 0 0
Figure EN25-3: The import of solid fuels by countries in the period 2002-2011
Sources: 

Statistical Office of the RS, 2012; Jožef Stefan Institute, 2012.

Show data
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Indonesia ktoe 235.15 230.65 255.23 245.07 256.49 218.14 306.26 171.39 198.02 164.41
Czech Republic ktoe 5.34 6.26 2.96 18.23 12.8 35.73 66.89 49.01 24.02 39.64
Italy ktoe 1.44 5.64 4.94 20.82 19.68 18.34 19.84 17.65 21.47 18.43
Russian Federation ktoe 0 8.36 8.55 23.51 21.19 10.92 24.26 13.13 4.23 3.03
Poland ktoe 0 26.36 21.06 6.44 5.61 1.82 0 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herz. ktoe 2.72 1.16 2.86 0 0.71 4.55 5.03 3.6 20.43 20.2
Non-specified/Other ktoe 25.34 0 29.56 0.98 0 0 0 0 0.36 0
Austria ktoe 0 0 0 15.63 12.72 13.29 1.41 0.7 0 0
South Africa ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 26.08 14.56 0 0 0
Hungary ktoe 0 20.44 19.04 0 0 0 0.7 0 0 0
Germany ktoe 0 0 3.53 0.59 0.62 1.31 2.52 2.55 4.73 6.24
Canada ktoe 0 9.87 10.58 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Venezuela ktoe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.64 5.45
Countries ktoe 0 0 2.12 1.56 0.62 1.21 0.61 0 0 0.61
Figure EN25-4: The import of gaseous fuels by countries in the period 2002-2011
Sources: 

Statistical Office of the RS, 2012; Jožef Stefan Institute, 2012.

Show data
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Russian Federation ktoe 542.56 599.93 595.01 614.93 509.63 517.27 460.71 446.79 447.45 392.47
Algeria ktoe 362.62 400.59 396.96 410.55 321.49 326.31 294.81 269.97 314.18 188.07
Austria ktoe 0 0 0 0 164.23 166.71 195.33 158.31 142.81 179.9
Italy ktoe 0 0.93 0.91 1.82 0 1.53 21.71 45.02 47.6 57.23
Croatia ktoe 0 1.27 0.91 0.91 0 1.07 0.91 0.98 0 0

Goals

- provision of reliability of energy supply;
- increase of reliability of energy supply, which is possible by decreasing the dependence on imported fuels and increasing the number of suppliers.


Data for Slovenia

Objectives summarised by: Resolucija o Nacionalnem energetskem programu (ReNEP) (Resolution on the National Energy Programme, Official Gazette of the RS, No. 57/04) and the proposal of the climate-energy package.

Source database or source: SI-STAT Data Portal of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia: Energy balance – import, export, energy supply for solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. A joint questionnaire, communicated annually by SORS and EUROSTAT, for data on the import of fuels by countries.

Data administrator: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia.

Date of acquisition for this indicator: 10 November 2012.

Methodology and frequency of data collection: The data were prepared on an annual basis. For the previous year, the data are available at the end of the current year.

Data processing methodology: The import dependence on fuel is calculated as a quotient of the import of fuel and the fuel supply at the level of Slovenia.
The import dependence at the state level is calculated as a quotient of the sum of imported fossil fuels and total energy supply at the state level.
The annual growth for the indicator is sometimes shown in percentage points. A percentage point is a unit used for the comparison of different rates of growth. A percentage point includes an absolute comparison calculated by the formula (nthis year)–(nlast year)=16 %–15 %=1 % (for instance: if last year the growth was 15 % and this year 16 %, then this year the growth was higher by 1 percentage point). The difference in growth can also be expressed in a relative comparison using the formula [(nthis year/nlast year)*100]–100=[(16 %/15 %)*100]–100=6.7 %, where the growth is indicated in percentages.

Information concerning data quality:
- Advantages and disadvantages of the indicator: The basic source of information is one institution (SORS, EUROSTAT) for the entire time series. This enables a more qualitative analysis of the events in the considered period.
- Relevance, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty:
Reliability of the indicator (archive data): The indicator is reliable.
Uncertainty of the indicator (scenarios/projections): Scenarios and projections are not available.
- Overall assessment (1 = no major comments, 2 = data to be considered with reservation):
Relevance: 1
Accuracy: 1
Completeness over time: 2
Completeness over space: 1

Other sources and literature:

- Wikipedia, 2012a. Nord Stream.
- Wikipedia, 2012b. Nabucco pipeline.
- Wikipedia, 2012c. South Stream.


TWITTER