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The response of agricultural holdings to agricultural policy supporting the spread of organic farming has been growing from year to year. In the period 1999–2015, the area intended for organic farming increased from 2,400 to 42,188 ha, or from 0.5 to 8.8% of total utilised agricultural area. The structure of agricultural land with organic farming is still strongly dominated by grassland (82% in 2015), which shows that the decision to undergo the transition to this type of production was primarily made by animal holdings.


This indicator shows the surface area of land included in organic farming and its share in the total utilised agricultural area in Slovenia. It covers all areas included in the control of organic farming, i.e. those where organic farming has already been carried out, and those in the midst of converting to organic farming. The indicator does not provide direct information on the environmental efficiency of the measure, but points to the response of agricultural holdings to the agricultural policy supporting such production.

 


Charts

Figure KM08-1: Share of organic farming area (sum of organic and in-conversion area) in total utilised agricultural area in Slovenia in the period 1999-2015
Sources: 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, (1999-2003); Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016.

Show data
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Organic farming area, total ha 2400 5446 10828 13828 20018 23018.9 23169.1 26830.7 29322 29836.4
Permanent grassland ha - - 10000 12800 18500 20908 21669.8 24458.3 25796.5 26309
Arable land ha 721 908 1368 1721.7 1066 1683.9 2651.9 2608.2
Of which vegetables and strawberries ha - - 41 58 68 81.8 141.6 96.5 107.8 101.2
Permanent crops ha - - 107 120 150 389.2 433.4 688.6 873.6 919.2
of which Orchards ha - - 55 65 100 335.6 359.6 536.2 668.6 712.3
Vineyards ha - - 52 55 50 49.1 67.2 125 184 190.7
Olive growes ha - - - - - 4.5 6.6 27.4 21 16.2
Hardy nursery stocks (including vine stocks) ha - - - - - - - - - -
Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total ha 498591 508960 509624 505462 509709 490520 508759 490318 498466 492424
Share of organic farming area in total UAA % 0.5 1.1 2.1 2.7 3.9 4.7 4.6 5.5 5.9 6.1
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Organic farming area, total ha 29388.4 30688.5 32148.7 35100.7 38664.5 41237.2 42188.5
Permanent grassland ha 25432.4 26189.7 27531.1 29814.1 32527.1 34595.8 34653.3
Arable land ha 2922.5 3329.7 3383.7 3787.2 4383.5 4731.7 5359.1
Of which vegetables and strawberries ha 124.2 122.4 151.1 183.6 232.6 214.4 281
Permanent crops ha 1033.5 1169.1 1234 1499.3 1754 1909.8 2176.1
of which Orchards ha 780.3 793.1 855.1 988.4 1144.3 1260.1 1466.1
Vineyards ha 203.3 296.9 287.2 324.1 401.3 421.8 495.2
Olive growes ha 50 76.6 91.6 184.5 208.3 226.2 214.1
Hardy nursery stocks (including vine stocks) ha - 2.4 - 2.3 - 1.7 0.8
Utilised agricultural area (UAA), total ha 468496 482653 458195 479653 478888 482218.4 476861
Share of organic farming area in total UAA % 6.3 6.4 7 7.3 8.1 8.6 8.8
Figure KM08-2: TStructure of organic farming area (sum of organic and in-conversion area) by type of agricultural land use in the period 2001-2015
Sources: 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia, (2001-2003); Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016.

Show data
Malta Ireland Romania Netherlands Hungary Bulgaria United Kingdom Luxembourg Cyprus Poland
2005 % 0.1 0.8 0.7 2.5 2.2 0.2 3.8 2.4 1 1
2015 % 0.3 1.6 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.7 4
France Croatia Belgium Germany Denmark Portugal Lithuania Spain Greece Slovenia
2005 % 1.9 1.7 4.7 4.9 6.2 2.3 3.1 7.6 4.6
2015 % 4.7 4.9 5.1 6.3 6.3 6.5 7.1 8.2 8.4 8.8
Slovakia Finland Italy Latvia Czech Republic Estonia Sweden Austria EU-27/28
2005 % 4.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 7.1 7.2 7 16.7 3.6
2015 % 9.5 9.9 11.8 12.3 13.7 15.7 17.1 20.3 6.2
Figure KM08-3: Share of organic farming (sum of organic and in-conversion area) in total utilised agricultural area in EU-27/28 in 2005 and 2015
Sources: 

EUROSTAT, 2016.

Show data
Bulgaria Malta Ireland Romania France Cyprus Poland Hungary Netherlands Luxembourg
2007 % 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.7 1.9 1 1 2.2 2.5 2.4
2007 % 0.2 0.5 1.1 1.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.7
Belgium United Kingdom Lithuania Germany Portugal Denmark Slovenia Spain Finland Slovakia
2007 % 1.7 3.8 2.3 4.7 6.2 4.9 4.6 3.1 6.5 4.6
2007 % 3 4.1 4.8 5.6 5.7 5.9 6.3 7 7.2 7.5
Italy Greece Latvia Czech Republic Estonia Sweden Austria EU-27
2007 % 7.3 7.6 6.8 7.1 7.2 7 16.7 3.6
2007 % 8.1 8.5 8.7 10.6 11 12.8 18.5 4.7
Figure KM08-4: Share of organic farming area (sum of organic and in-conversion area) in total agricultural area by municipalities
Sources: 

Agency for Agricultural markets anf Rural development, 2016


Goals

  • To include 64,000 ha of utilised agricultural area into organic farming by 2013 (Rural Development Programme of the Republic of Slovenia for the period 2007–2013),
  • to include 20% of utilised agricultural area into organic farming by 2015 (Action Plan for the Development of Organic Farming in Slovenia),
  • To include 55,000 ha of utilised agricultural area in organic farming by 2020 (Rural Development Programme of the Republic of Slovenia for the period 2014–2020).

 


Organic farming is a special form of sustainable management of natural resources in line with the principles of raising the quality of food, reducing environmental pollution and preserving biodiversity. The use of synthetic plant protection products and easily soluble mineral fertilisers, growth regulators and hormones, genetically modified organisms, etc. is not allowed on areas intended for organic farming. Until 2001, this sphere was regulated by Recommendations for organic farming (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food), or guidelines of ecological societies and associations. Since 2001, organic farming has been governed by the Rules on Organic Production and Processing, which comply with the European Regulations on organic farming.

In Slovenia, organic farming started to spread in the late 1990s and, in 1999, farmers had the chance to claim support for this type of production for the first time. In 2001, support for organic farming was included in the Slovenian agri-environmental programme, and after EU accession in 2004, it became part of the Rural Development Programme of the Republic of Slovenia.

In 1999, the control of organic farming included 2,400 ha or 0.5% of the total utilised agricultural area. By 2015, organic farming was extended to 42,188 ha or 8.8% of the total utilised agricultural area. The organic farming area expanded primarily as a consequence of the inclusion of permanent meadows and pastures, while organic farming on arable land, gardens and land with permanent crops expanded as well. The share of permanent meadows and pastures in the structure of agricultural land with organic farming has been decreasing constantly (92% in 2001, 85% in 2010 and 82% in 2015), but still continue to be the prevailing form of organic farming. This is confirmed by the spatial distribution of organic farming. Most areas with organic farming relative to the total utilised agricultural area are located in areas where extensive grassland prevails (karst areas of the Primorska, Notranjska and Kočevska regions, mountainous and highland parts of the Koroška region), while in lowland areas, they are located where natural conditions allow for intensive farming and more diverse production (north-eastern Slovenia, the Novo mesto Basin and the Posavje region, northern part of the Ljubljana Basin).

Organic farming has been spreading in the EU as well. In 2015 in the EU-28 countries, the area under organic farming (or those converting to it) represented 6.2% of the total utilised agricultural area (3.6% in 2005 and 5.1% in 2010). The highest shares of organic farming are in Austria (20.3% in 2015), Sweden (17.1%), Estonia (15.7%) and the Czech Republic (13.7%). By share of organic farming, Slovenia ranks somewhere in the upper third of the EU-28 (in 2015 it was ranked 9th).

 

 



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