Neutral

Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) per unit of milk produced show a clear and favourable downward trend after 2013. The target value for 2022 (< 0.704 kg CO2 eq per kg milk) was achieved. In beef production, the trend in emissions intensity after 2014 is favourable, but somewhat insufficiently intensive. It is not yet possible to comment on the achievement of the target, as the indicator, including the proposal for the target values for the period 2022–2030, was not proposed until 2023.

Good

In the period after 2000, nitrogen consumption from mineral fertilisers initially declined. After 2009, consumption more or less stabilised at around 27,500 tonnes, with annual values ranging from 26,300 to 29,143 tonnes. With the exception of 2021, the target value (< 28,000 t) has been achieved in recent years. The increase in 2021 was probably the result of purchases of mineral fertilizers for stock, which were made due to expected price increases and supply disruptions.

Neutral

After 2005, the gross nitrogen budget ranged between 32 and 69 kg per hectare of agricultural land with an indistinct downward trend. On average over the last five-year period, the target value (less than 50.4 kg per ha) was achieved. In 2022, the nitrogen balance surplus rose sharply compared to the previous year (from 46.2 to 69.1 kg per ha). The target value (less than 49.4 kg per ha) was therefore not achieved. The increase in the surplus is attributed to the drought, which caused a decrease in the nitrogen uptake by agricultural plants.

Good

In the period 2005–2022, the land area in the organic farming measure more than doubled (from 20,477 to 50,540 ha). The target set by the Operational Programme for Reducing GHG Emissions until 2020 (OP GHG) for 2020 (44,000 ha) was already exceeded in 2018. The new targets of the Strategic Plan of the Common Agricultural Policy 2023–2027 are significantly more ambitious, and the past trends show that achieving them will be very challenging.

Neutral

Areas of fields and gardens in measures that require fertilization based on rapid soil or plant tests have significantly exceeded the target value set by the 2014–2020 Rural Development Programme.