KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

Population exposure to allergens has been increasing not only in Slovenia but also worldwide. This phenomenon is influenced by the increase in average air temperature. Higher average air temperature results in a longer growing season and thus the longer presence of allergenic pollen in the air. Particularly noteworthy is to mention the pollen of alder, birch, grasses and ambrosia. The severity of exposure to the allergen pollen of alder, birch, grasses and ambrosia shows large annual fluctuations, with distinct differences between the continental Slovenia and the littoral area.

Neutral

Children in primary schools and kindergartens in the Municipality of Nova Gorica are only partially exposed to exceeded levels of road traffic noise. Measurements show that limit value for playgrounds (55 dB (A), set as a recommendation by the World Health Organization, is exceeded only at the most exceeded facade by 3 of 12 elementary schools and 5 of 16 kindergartens. As in the school year 2012/2013 1,162 students (in those 3 schools) and 439 children (in those 5 kindergartens) were exposed to some noise it would be reasonable to carry out noise measurements.

Neutral

In Slovenia 7 % of people live in flood-prone areas. The most extensive flood areas are in northeast and in subpannonian Slovenia, in subalpine valleys and basins and plains along Ledava, Mura and Ščavnica. The largest share of the population in areas of flooding is in Savinjska (13%), Koroška (12%), Zasavska, (10%) and Osrednjeslovenska (9%) statistical region.

Bad

Lyme borreliosis (LB) and tick-borne meningoencephalitis (TBE) are the most common vector-borne diseases transmitted by ticks. In Slovenia, from 3,000 to over 7,000 patients with LB were registered annually, and 170 TBE cases annually in the period from 2009 to 2018 (maximum in 2013 - 309 cases, the lowest number of cases was in 2015 - 62 cases only). Living or working in the environments where there is a potential for infection is one of the most important factors for infection with LB and TBE.

Good

Life expectancy at birth in Slovenia is gradually getting longer, for both men and women. Life expectancy at birth for women is slightly longer than it is for men. It is noted the increase in life expectancy at birth in western part of Slovenia. Life expectancy at birth was in 2016 in Slovenia 84.3 year for women and 78.2 years for men.

Neutral

The limit value for environmental noise for playgrounds (55dB(A)) determined by the WHO was exceeded at the most exposed facade at 12 primary schools. However none of 34 kindergartens and 22 primary schools was exposed to excess noise limit at all four facades. There were 4,097 pupils in 12 schools and 2,909 children in 24 kindergartens where the high noise levels at most exposed facades were determined in the school year 2013/2014.

Neutral

The highest levels of dioxins and PCBs were found in fish liver in EU between 1995 and 2010. Between 2012 and 2014 in Slovenia the highest levels were found in fish meat, following meat and fat tissues of cattle and sheep. Food producers and competent authorities should proactively make efforts to reduce dioxins and PCBs in feed and food.

Bad

In the period 2002-2017, the highest exposure to ozone concentrations were detected in the Primorska region in summer where air quality measuring stations in Koper and Nova Gorica detected highest ozone concentrations in ambient air. There are some differences from year to year in a level of ozone exposure due to meteorological conditions in the warm half of the year and other regional characteristics.

Neutral

Measurements of particle number concentration of ultrafine particles in ambient air in Ljubljana in period May 2012 -April 2014 is comparable to concentrations in other four European cities. Exposure to ultra-fine particles in the indoor air is roughly comparable or even slightly higher than exposure to ultra-fine particles in ambient air.

Bad

The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is (still) not decreasing in Slovenia or elsewhere in the world. Given the long latent period of the disease, it is likely to increase in Slovenia, especially among the elderly. Amon youngsters we expect to decline. We have not yet removed all asbestos products from the work and living environment, so the risk factor for this disease still exists, not only for workers who work professionally with asbestos products and waste, but also for others.


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