KAZALCI OKOLJA

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Neutral

Slovenia reported one to three waterborne outbreaks per year. In period, 2009–2019 Slovenia reported no outbreaks, except in 2009, 2015, and 2017-2019. In these waterborne outbreaks, 5 to 355 cases were reported. In about half of the waterborne outbreaks, the causative agent wasn´t identified, in others outbreaks the following causative pathogens was confirmed in patients: Cryptosporidium parvum, Escherichia coli, rotavirus, norovirus, Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella Typhimurium.

Neutral

In 2019, 93% of the Slovenian population used drinking water from the drinking water supply systems. This includes 858 supply zones with regular monitoring of drinking water quality at the user tap. In 2019, regular monitoring of the drinking water did not include 7% of the Slovenian population. This is because regular monitoring is not obliged for the supply systems with less than 50 people (own drinking water supply, self-sufficiency). Generally, all residents of Slovenia living in cities used regulary monitored drinking water.

Bad

According to the state of epiphytic lichens, the preservation of forests and air quality is poor in the entire territory of the Republic of Slovenia, except in forests at higher altitude in the Alps and partially in the Dinaric mountain range.

Neutral

In recent years, cadmium and lead concentrations in the kidneys and livers of roe deer has decreased below the level of toxic concentrations that could have a direct adverse effect on the health of the individuals of this species. Nevertheless, cadmium concentrations in the internal organs of roe deer exceed the admissible concentration determined by law in many areas of Slovenia (taking into consideration the suitability for human consumption).

Bad

Acidification of forests represents a potential danger only in the non-hydrocarbon part of Slovenia, especially in the east of the country. According to rough estimates, the critical loads occur particularly in the wider area of both major thermals (Zasavje, Celjska kotlina and Šaleška dolina). Excessive eutrophication of forests for deposition from the air does not take looming forest areas in Slovenia.

Neutral

Higher levels of heavy metals and nitrogen are observed around the urbanized areas, industrial regions and around thermal power plants. The reason for elevated levels at the western part of Slovenia is transboundary transport of air pollutants from the Po Valley in Italy, however at the eastern part might be transit traffic and agricultural activity. A decrease of heavy metals and nitrogen in mosses is observed in Slovenia since 1995.

Neutral

Leukemia is the most common children cancer. It represents 25 to 30% of all new diagnosed cancer cases in children younger than 15 years in the world. Causal mechanisms for the occurrence of leukemia in children are poorly known, but it is often referred connection with environmental risk factors.Data from European cancer registries indicate that the incidence rate of childhood leukemia between 1970 and 1999 grew on average by 0.7% per annum in the last twenty years has been 1% per year, mostly in countries with higher economic status (SES).

Bad

Data for Slovenia show that number of newly diagnosed cases of melanoma in persons under 55 years of age is increasing. Melanoma is more often by women then by men. Most of the melanoma cases are most likely related to acute, occasional and excessive sun exposure, mainly in childhood. Nevertheless there is a 20-40 year time delay between the sun exposure and the occurrence of cancer, the incidence of melanoma in persons under 55 years of age, is a good indicator of the final success of measures taken against excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation in childhood.

Bad

Children in some primary schools and kindergartens in the Municipality of Ljubljana are exposed to road traffic noise. Of 105 kindergartens and 54 elementary schools, the limit value of environmental noise for playgrounds 55dB(A) determined by the WHO was exceeded on all facades at only one kindergarten. In 29 elementary schools and 48 kindergartens, this limit value was exceeded at least on the most exposed facade. In the school year 2013/2014, 11,925 pupils attended those 29 elementary schools and 5,946 children attended the mentioned 48 kindergartens.

Neutral

The estimated average long-term intakes of metals (lead, cadmium and mercury) into the human body through food in the adult population of Slovenia do not exceed the reference points (BMDL) or health-based guideline values (tolerable daily/weekly intakes), and in children lead and cadmium on average, similarly to the EU, may be exceeded.


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